Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides Athias-Henriot, 1960, Athias-Henriot, 1960

Tixier, Marie-Stephane, Allam, Latifa, Douin, Martial & Kreiter, Serge, 2016, Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) of Morocco: new records, descriptions of five new species, re-descriptions of two species, and key for identification, Zootaxa 4067 (5), pp. 501-551: 522-523

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4067.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:902CB084-17BB-4952-B738-E6E4E989771B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0F5E879D-262B-4424-9582-A41FFDACF8D3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides Athias-Henriot, 1960
status

 

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides Athias-Henriot, 1960   b

Typhlodromus rhenanoides Athias-Henriot, 1960 b: 85   .

Neoseiulus rhenanoides   . — Schuster & Pritchard, 1963: 205.

Anthoseius rhenanoides   . — Charlet & McMurtry, 1977: 186.

Amblydromella rhenanoides   . — Moraes et al., 1986: 174.

Amblydromella (Aphanoseia) rhenanoides   . — Denmark & Welbourn, 2002: 308. Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides   . — Moraes et al., 2004: 347; Chant & McMurtry, 2007: 155.

This species is mainly reported from the Mediterranean basin. It has been reported on many uncultivated plants and sometimes on some orchards such as peach, plum, olive, citrus and vineyards (Ragusa, 1977, 2006; Papaioannou- Souliotis et al., 1994; Ragusa & Tsolakis, 2001). Nothing is known of its ability to control pests. This species was already reported from Morocco by McMurtry & Bonfour (1989) on Cupressus   sp. In the present survey, it was commonly observed (359 specimens collected) on a great variety of plants and locations.

Specimens examined: 2002, Road from El Jadida to Casablanca on Lupinus humulus   ( Fabaceae   ) (3 females), Solananum sodomeum   ( Solanaceae   ) (18 females, 11 males), Damon Oum Er Bia River on Nicotiana glauca   ( Solanaceae   ) (1 female), Urtica dioica   ( Urticaceae   ) (1 female), Solanum nigrum   ( Solanaceae   ) (1 female), Marubium incanunum   ( Lamiaceae   ) (1 female); 2003, Larache on Acacia cyanophylla   ( Fabaceae   ); near Larache on Acacia dealbata   ( Fabaceae   ) (5 females, 2 males), Chamaerops humilis (Arecacae)   (1 female), Bab Bou Idir on Crataegus monogyna   ( Rosaceae   ) (2 females), Dryopteris dilatata   ( Dryopteridaceae   ) (2 females), Mazari Cape on Anagallis molli   ( Primulaceae   ) (2 females), Echium vulgare   ( Boraginaceae   ) (5 females), Hypericum   sp. ( Hypericaceae   ) (8 females), Lythrum tribracteatum   ( Lythraceae   ) (3 females), Verbascum sinuatum   ( Scrophulariaceae   ) (17 females), Cupressus sempervirens   ( Cupressaceae   ) (27 females, 8 males), Pinus halepensis   ( Pinaceae   ) (10 females), Ceratonia siliqua   ( Fabaceae   ) (4 females, 2 males), Juniperus communis   ( Cupressaceae   ) (16 females), Lavendula   dentate ( Lamiaceae   ) (14 females, 7 males), Quercus coccifera   ( Fagaceae   ) (5 females), Erica arborea   ( Ericaceae   ) (4 females), Cistus libanotis   (4 females, 3 males), Cistus parviflorus   ( Cistaceae   ) (2 females), Gomphocarpus fruticosus   ( Apocynaceae   ) (4 females), Rubus sanctus   ( Rosaceae   ) (5 females, 2 males), Chamaerops humilis (Arecacae)   (8 females, 4 males), Spartel Cape on Eucalyptus   sp. ( Myrtaceae   ) (2 females), Smilax aspera   ( Smilacaceae   ) (5 females, 2 males), Rubus   sp. ( Rosaceae   ) (3 females), Tamarix   sp. ( Tamaricaceae   ) (1 female), Phyllirea latifolia   ( Oleaceae   ) (4 females), Guerbouss Mountain Pass on Ficus carica   ( Moraceae   ) (1 female), Ziziphus lotus   ( Rhamnaceae   ) (1 female), Linum maritimum   ( Linaceae   ) (2 females), Daucus carota   ( Apiaceae   ) (1 female); Izemmouren on Olea europea   ( Oleaceae   ) (7 females), Pistacia lenticus   ( Anacardiaceae   ) (20 females, 2 males), Genista acanthoclada   ( Fabaceae   ) (4 females), Echium vulgare   ( Boraginaceae   ) (1 female), Thapsia gragarica   ( Apiaceae   ) (2 females), Ajuga iva   ( Lamiaceae   ) (1 female), Chenopodium   sp. ( Chenopodiaceae   ) (1 female), Melissa officinalis   ( Lamiaceae   ) (1 female), Thymus   sp. ( Lamiaceae   ) (2 females), Mechra Bel Ksiri on Ziziphus lotus   ( Rhamnaceae   ) (3 females), Acacia karoo   ( Fabaceae   ) (1 female), Larache Beach on Solanum nigrum   ( Solanaceae   ) (1 female), Acacia dealbata   ( Fabaceae   ) (1 female), Road to Souk El Arba on Cistus crispus   ( Cistaceae   ) (1 female), Erica arborea   ( Ericaceae   ) (23 females, 7 males), Lavandula stoechas   ( Lamiaceae   ) (4 females), Pinus halepensis   ( Pinaceae   ) (8 females, 3 males), Pistacia lentiscus   ( Anacardiaceae   ) (1 female), Quercus suber   ( Fagaceae   ) (1 female), Saïdia on Lygos raetrum   ( Fabaceae   ) (5 females, 2 males), Eucalyptus globulus   ( Myrtaceae   ) (1 female), Scabiosa maritime   ( Caprifoliaceae   ) (1 female).

Previous records: Algeria, Canary Islands, France, Greece, Hawaii, Italy, Les Saintes, Madeira Islands, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, USA.

Remarks. Among the three females collected on Dryopteris dilatata   at Bab Bou Idir ( Dryopteridaceae   ), one was characterised by the absence of seta S 5 on both sides of the opisthosoma. The lack of these setae identifies this specimen to the sub-genus Typhlodromus   ( Typhlodromus   ). Comparisons with the species of this latter sub-genus bearing five solenostomes on the dorsal shield ( T. (T.) atticus   , T. (T.) corticis   , T. (T.) griekwensis   , T. (T) nerminae, T. (T.) waverus   and T. (T) neomagdalanae), show great differences suggesting that this specimen would belong to a new species. However, as only one specimen was found, and it was collected on the same plant and in the same locality as specimens of T. (A.) rhenanoides   , and as except the absence of setae S 5, there is no other differences with this latter species, we think that this specimen does not belong to a new species but constitutes an abnormal T. (A.) rhenanoides   . Abnomalities in the absence or presence seta have been reported, but usually on only one of the side of the dorsum. Measurements and morphological characteristics of this specimen are reported below.

Dorsum. Dorsal shield 330 long and 150 wide, lightly reticulated, with five solenostomes (gd 2, gd 5, gd 6, gd 8 and gd 9), 17 pairs of dorsal setae and two pairs of sub-lateral setae: j 1 27, j 3 30, j 4 15, j 5 15, j 6 20, J 2 25, J 5 8, z 2 17, z 3 27, z 4 27, z 5 18, Z 4 50, Z 5 73, s 4 30, s 6 33, S 2 43, S 4 40, r 3 25, R 1 30. All setae smooth except Z 5 slightly serrated. Peritreme extending between j 1 and j 3.

Venter. All shields lightly reticulated. Sternal shield with two pairs of setae and two pairs of lyrifissures; two pairs of sternal setae on small metasternal plates; posterior margin convex. Distances between ST 1 – ST 3 65, ST 2 – ST 2 63, ST 5 –ST 5 63. Two pairs of metapodal plates 22 long, 6 wide for the largest and 15 long and 3 wide for the smallest. Ventri-anal shield with four pairs of pre-anal setae, JV 1, JV 2, JV 3 and ZV 2, and pre-anal pores present. Membrane surrounding ventri-anal shield with four pairs of setae ZV 1, ZV 3, JV 4 and JV 5; ventri-anal shield 105 long, 100 wide at anterior corners, and 88 wide at level of anus. JV 5 63 long.

Legs. Legs IV with three macrosetae on the genu Sge IV 27, tibia STI IV 27, basitarsus ST IV 67. Chaetotactic formula of Genu II and III not discernible. Length of leg I: 275, II: 232, III: 232, IV: 300.

Chelicera. Chelicerae closed, dentition not visible.

Spermatheca. With elongated cervix tubular shape ( Denmark et al., 1999), cervix elongated 25 long and 12 wide; neck at the basis of the cervix.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Mesostigmata

Family

Phytoseiidae

Genus

Typhlodromus

Loc

Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) rhenanoides Athias-Henriot, 1960

Tixier, Marie-Stephane, Allam, Latifa, Douin, Martial & Kreiter, Serge 2016
2016
Loc

Typhlodromus rhenanoides

Athias-Henriot 1960: 85
1960