Cis submicans Abeille de Perrin, 1874*

Lopes-Andrade, Cristiano, Webster, Reginald P., Webster, Vincent L., Alderson, Chantelle A., Hughes, Cory C. & Sweeney, Jon D., 2016, The Ciidae (Coleoptera) of New Brunswick, Canada: New records and new synonyms, ZooKeys 573, pp. 339-366: 350

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Cis submicans Abeille de Perrin, 1874*


Taxon classification Animalia Coleoptera Ciidae

Cis submicans Abeille de Perrin, 1874*   Fig. 9

Cis submicans   Abeille de Perrin, 1874: 28 (as a variety of Cis setiger   Mellié, 1849)

Cis micans   : auctt. (non Fabricius, 1792; see Jelínek 2007)

Cis pistoria   Casey, 1898: 79, new synonym

Cis pistorius   ; Abdullah 1973: 221 (unjustified emendation)

Material examined.

New Brunswick, Carleton Co., Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve, 46.1907°N, 67.6740°W, 7.IX.2004, R.P. Webster (1, RWC); Jackson Falls, "Bell Forest", 46.2200°N, 67.7231°W, 9.X.2006, R.P. Webster // Rich Appalachian hardwood forest with some conifers, under bark of fallen beech log covered with polypore fungi (2, CELC; 4, RWC); same locality data and forest type but 23-28.IV.2009, R. Webster & M.-A. Giguère // Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC). Gloucester Co., Bathurst, Daly Point Nature Preserve, 47.6392°N, 65.6098°W, 13-28.V.2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Mixed forest, Lindgren funnel trap 1 m high under trees (1, RWC). Kent Co., Kouchibouguac National Park, 46.8087°N, 64.9078°W, 21-27.V.2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Poplar/red maple stand, Lindgren funnel trap, 1 m high (1, AFC). Queens Co., Grand Lake near Scotchtown, 45.8762°N, 66.1816°W, 19.IX.2006, R.P. Webster // Oak & maple forest, under bark of oak (1, CELC; 1, RWC); Cranberry Lake P.N.A., 46.1125°N, 65.6075°W, 24. IV– 5.V.2009, R.P. Webster & M.-A. Giguère, coll. // Old red oak forest, Lindgren funnel traps (1, CELC; 2, AFC). Restigouche Co., Jacquet River Gorge P.N.A., 47.8257°N, 66.0764°W, 15-29.V.2014, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old Populus balsamifera   stand near river, Lindgren funnel traps 1 m high under trees (1, NBM, 3, RWC); ca. 3 km SE of Simpsons Field, 47.5277°N, 66.5142°W, 14-28.V.2015, C. Alderson & V. Webster // Old cedar & spruce forest with Populus balsamifera   & Populus tremuloides   , Lindgren funnel trap (1, AFC). York Co., Charters Settlement, 45.8395°N, 66.7391°W, 6.V.2008, R.P. Webster // Mixed forest, in flight, collected with net between 15:00 & 17:00 h (1, RWC).

Distribution in Canada and Alaska.

NT, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS ( Bousquet et al. 2013). Most records of Cis submicans   from NB were based on specimens captured in Lindgren funnel traps. This species is widespread (nine localities) and fairly common in the province, with most records from hardwood-dominated and mixed forests. Some specimens were found under bark of a log covered with polypore fungi. Cis submicans   (as Cis pistoria   Casey) was first reported from NB by Majka (2007) on the basis of a specimen from the Meduxnekeag Valley Nature Preserve (record is reported here).

Taxonomic notes.

Cis pistoria   is the only New World member of the Cis boleti   species group, which also includes the Palaearctic Cis boleti   (Scopoli), Cis micans   (Fabricius), Cis polypori   Chûjô (also treated as a subspecies of Cis boleti   ), Cis rugulosus   Mellié and Cis submicans   Abeille de Perrin ( Chûjô 1939, Lawrence 1971). Specimens of all these species and subspecies were available for comparison and, among them, aedeagi of Cis pistoria   from North America and those of Cis submicans   were indiscernible. Cis pistoria   was described by Casey (1898) based on specimens from "Rhode Island (Boston Neck)" in USA, a locality on the northeastern coast and about 500 linear km south of NB. Most reports of Cis pistoria   to date were in northeastern USA and in Canada ( Lawrence 1971, Bousquet et al. 2013). Cis submicans   was described by Abeille de Perrin (1874) as a variety of Cis setiger   Mellié (currently Cis villosulus   ) and based on specimens from the Caucasus and Poland. It is important to note that most Cis submicans   available for comparison were also from northern Iran (in the Caucasus) and Poland. As specimens currently recognized as Cis pistoria   fits well in the morphological limits of the Palaearctic Cis submicans   , we propose their synonymization here. Cis submicans   has a Holarctic distribution, occurring in Europe and the Caucasus, and in northeastern North America.