Lucilia woodi, Whitworth, 2014

Whitworth, Terry, 2014, A revision of the Neotropical species of Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Zootaxa 3810 (1), pp. 1-76: 50-52

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3810.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C68A152F-33DD-4E49-900D-213DEE6591D8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5116154

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/102C87C3-FFDD-FFCA-E882-EDDA4C00C8A7

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Lucilia woodi
status

sp. nov.

23. Lucilia woodi   sp. nov.

Figs. 13 View FIGURES 7–15. 7–9 , 33, 34 View FIGURES 28–34. 28 , 61, 62 View FIGURES 59–62 , 85, 86 View FIGURES 83–86 , 120–122 View FIGURES 111–122 , 134 View FIGURES 123–134 , 146 View FIGURES 143–146 , 158 View FIGURES 147–158 , 159 View FIGURE 159 , 161 View FIGURE 161 Tables 1, 2

Diagnosis. Gena with dark setae; upper and lower calypters dark in both sexes; basicosta brown; setae below and behind strong postocular row pale and weak; presutural area of thorax usually with a broad band of whitish microtomentum, in some specimens the microtomentum is patchy. This species shares many characters with L. pulverulenta   , but the former has pale setae on the gena, while L. woodi   has all dark setae on the gena. In lateral view, the surstylus of L. woodi   ( Fig. 61 View FIGURES 59–62 ) is broader than in L. pulverulenta   ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 51–54 ).

Description. Male. Frons narrow, 0.017 (0.01–0.02/5) of head width at narrowest; anterior facets are 2.4x larger than posterior facets (anterior 0.67mm, posterior 0.28mm, Table 1); fronto-orbital plates are silvery-tan, plates converge midway up frons; frontal vitta dark red, extending about one-third up frons to where fronto-orbitals touch, frontal setae end about one-half way up frons; parafacial silvery-tan except anteroventral corner more or less orange; gena silvery with dark setae, postgena silvery with pale setae; pedicel dark orange with base of first flagellomere brighter orange, remainder pale orange; ocellar triangle tiny and black with short setae, ocelli about equal in size; supravibrissal setae ascend about 40% up frontal ridge; intrapostocular area bright silvery, setae below and behind postocular row pale and weak except for a small cluster of dark setae near the lower edge of the eye; upper edge of occiput and a vertical strip in the center shining black, remainder of occiput with whitish microtomentum. Presutural area of thorax with heavy microtomentum, remainder of thorax shining; spiracles brown and fairly large; proepisternal depression with pale setae; upper calypter light tan to brown, lower calypter brown to dark brown; base of wing with cells and veins darkened; basicosta dark brown, tegula black; subcostal sclerite orange with pubescence. T1-3 of abdomen and anterolateral corners of T4 with whitish microtomentum, with the remaining segments polished. Surstylus medium length, digitate, gradually expanding toward distal end, cercus tapers distally and gradually curving forward ( Figs. 61, 62 View FIGURES 59–62 ). Phallus, hypandrium, pre- and postgonite, ejaculatory sclerite, and sternites as in 85, 86, 120–122, 134 respectively.

Female. Characters very similar to male except frons 0.24 (0.22–0.25/5) of head width at narrowest; eye facet size very similar to those in male (anterior 0.59mm, posterior 0.29mm, Table 1). The ovipositor and spermathecae as in Figs. 146 View FIGURES 143–146 , 158 View FIGURES 147–158 .

Type material. Holotype male from Costa Rica, Puntarenas Province, Peninsula de Osa , Rancho Quemado, L _S_292500_ 511000, 200m, July 1992, A. Marin ( INBIO) ( Figs. 33, 34 View FIGURES 28–34. 28 )   . Allotype female, Costa Rica, Guanacaste Province, Guanacaste NP, Est. Pitilla, 9km S St. Cecilia , L_N_330200_380200, Aug. 1991, 700m, C. Moraga ( INBIO)   .

Paratypes. (57 males, 88 females) Costa Rica (56 males, 76 females)   : Alajuela Province. 1 female, 20km S Upala , April 11–20, 1991, F.D. Parker ( LACM)   ; 1 male, same data except June 17, 1971   ; 1 female, Bijagua , July 29, 1990, Malaise trap, W.F. Chamberlain ( TAMU)   ; 1 female, Bijagua, Alberge de Heliconias, Ridge Trail , 10°42'48"N 85°02'27"W, 1000–1100m, June 18, 2000, N.E. Woodley, ( USNM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, San Carlos , Laguna Lagarto Lodge, L _N_296095_516714, 0–100m, Feb. 23–27, 2004, B. Hernandez ( INBIO)   ; 1 male, Volcan Tenorio NP, Est. el Pilon , 500m, Feb. 12–March 4, 2006, L_N_298212_427913, Malaise trap, J.A. Azofeifa ( INBIO)   .

Cartago Province. 1 female, Barbilla NP, Send. Principal a Rio Barilla , L_N_216110_ 597123, 500m, Jan. 2003, F. Rojas ( INBIO)   . Guanacaste Province   . 1 male, 1 female, Est. Pitilla , 9km S Santa Cecilia, 700m, L_N_330200_380200, Nov. 1989, C. Moraga, P. Rios ( INBIO)   ; 2 males, 4 females, same data except March 2–19, 1992, P. Rios   ; 2 males, same data except Sept. 22–Oct. 14, 1992   ; 1 male, same data except Dec. 1992   ; 2 females, same data except Aug. 1991   ; 2 females, Est. Pitila , 9km S Santa Cecilia, 10°59'26"N 85°25'40"W, 700m, July 1988, G.N.P. Biodiversity Survey ( INBIO) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female, Est. Cacao , SW side Volcan Cacao, L _N_323300_375700, 1000–1400m, Nov.–Dec. 1989, URCG, R.Blanco, C. Chavez ( INBIO)   ; 1 male, same data except Oct. 1989   . 1 female, same data except May 21–29, 1992, D. Brenes   ; 1 female, 3km SE R. Naranjo , July 21–31, 1992, F.D Parker ( LACM)   ; 3 females, Rincon de la Vieja NP, Send. a las aguas termales, L_N_305843_392770; 900–1000m, Nov. 5–7, 2001, D. Briceno ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Rincon de la Vieja NP, Sect. Santa Maria, Send. Pailas Agua Fria , L_N_305475_ 392908, 800m, Nov. 10, 2001, D. Briceno ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Sector Santa Maria, 25km NE Liberia, L_N_ 304700_ 393450, 790m, Feb. 15–24, 1997, D. Briceno ( INBIO)   . Limon Province   . 1 male, Cerro Tortuguero , Tortuguero NP, L_N_285000_588000, 0–120m, April 1993, R. Delgado ( INBIO)   ; 1 male same data except Feb. 1993   ; 1 female, Est. Hitoy Cerere , R.B. Hitoy Cerere, L_N_643400_ 184600, 100m, Nov. 1993, G. Carballo, ( INBIO)   . Puntarenas Province   . 1 male, Rancho Quemado, Pen. de Osa , L_S_292500_ 511000, 200m, July 1992, A. Marin ( INBIO)   ; 3 females, Rancho Quemado , Pen. de Osa, L _S_292500_511000, Dec. 1990, F. Quesada ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, same data except Jan. 1991   ; 6 females, same data except 200m, May 1991, J.C. Saborio ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, same data except F. Quesada   ; 1 female, same data except July 1991   ; 2 females, same data except Aug. 1991   ; 1 female, same data except Sept. 1992   ; 1 female, same data except March 12–31, 1993, A. Gutierrez   ; 1 female same data except May 12–24, 1993   ; 3 males, 1 female, Isla del Coco NP, Llano Palo Hierro , 05°32'59"N 87°03'35"W, 200–250m, March 10, 2002, B. Hernandez ( INBIO) GoogleMaps   ; 2 females [BNNR085], Isla del Coco NP, Cerro Pelon, Bajando Hacia Wafer , 05°31'50"N 87°04'41"W, 520m, March 21, 2002, B. Hernandez ( INBIO) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, 1 female, Isla del Coco NP, Cerro Yglesias , 05°04'47"N 87°04'47"W, 600m, March 21, 2002, B. Hernandez ( INBIO) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Est. Queb. Bonita, Res. Biol. Carara , 50m, L_N_194500_46850, July 1–29, 1992, R. Guzman ( INBIO)   ; 5 males, same data except Aug. 10–28, 1992   ; 1 female, same data except Oct. 18–29, 1992   ; 6 females, same data except Nov. 6–27, 1992   ; 1 male, same data except 100m, Jan. 1995   ; 3 males, Est. Agujas , L_S_276750_ 526550, 300m, Sept. 1996, A. Azofeifa ( INBIO)   ; 1 male, A.C. Osa, Corcovado NP, Alrededores de Rio Corcovado , L_S_279650_509700, 10– 190m, Jan. 26–29, 2002, B. Hernandez ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Corcovado NP, Sector La Leona , Cerro Puma, L _S_267700_518900, 100– 300m, June 21–July 10, 2003, M. Moraga ( INBIO)   ; 2 females, Corcovado NP, Sector La Leona , Alto Cerro Rubio, L _S_269300_518350, 300– 400m, July 19, 2002, K. Caballero ( INBIO)   ; 1 male, Est. Sirena , Corcovado NP, L_S_270500_508300, Dec. 1989, G. Fonseca ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, same data except Feb. 1990   ; 3 males, same data except June 1991   ; 7 males, 1 female same data except July 1991   ; 5 males, same data except Jan. 1992   ; 1 male same data except June 1990, F. Quesada, ( INBIO)   ; 3 males, 1 female, Est. Sirena, L _S_270500_508300, 1– 100m, Sept 1993, G. Fonseca ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, same data except Oct. 1993   ; 1 female, same data except 0 meters, M. Segura   ; 3 males, 3 females, Est. Sirena, Corcovado NP, A.C. Osa, L_S_270500_508300, 1– 100m, Jan. 1994, G. Fonseca ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Golfito, Corcovado NP, Est. Sirena, Send. Corcovado , L_S_270500_ 508300, 10m, Oct. 17, 2001, K. Caballero ( INBIO)   ; 2 males, Corcovado NP, Sector Los Planes , entrada a la Estac., L _S_288200_500300, 100– 200m, July 25, 2002, K. Caballero, ( INBIO)   ; 5 females, Est. Agujas , Send. Zamia, L _S_276750_ 526550, 300m, Aug. 24–31, 1996, A. Azofeifa   ; 1 female same data except Nov. 26–30, 1995   ; 2 males, Manuel Antonio NP, Quepos, L _S_370900_ 448800, 80m, May 1991, G. Varela ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Golfito, Jimenez, Corcovado NP, Cno. a Sirena , Send. Alred. Rio Cedral , L_S_280655_ 517000, 86m, Oct. 10, 2001, K. Caballero ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Golfito, Corcovado NP, Est. Los Patos, Send. a Rio Rincon , L_S_281050_ 516800, 75m, Feb. 1, 2002, K. Caballero ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Jiminez, Corcovado NP, Est. Los Patos, Send. Vaco , L_S_280700_ 515500, 160m, April 13, 2002, K. Cabellero ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, Est. Pittier , L_S_330900_ 577400, 1670m, Aug. 23–Sept. 13, 1995, E. Navarro ( INBIO)   ; 1 female, same data except Tablas , July 28–Aug. 7, 1995, M. Moraga   ; 1 female, 5.6km SW Rincon , Aug. 5–15, 1970, R.W. Merritt, ( WSUP)   . 1 female, Coton, Las Alturas , 1400m, Sept. 5, 1991, P. DeVries, M. Wood ( CNC)   . San Jose Province   . 1 female, Est. Zurqui Tunel, L _N_226800_535200, 1600m, Sept. 26– Oct., 1990, G. Maass, ( INBIO)   . Honduras (8 females)   : 2 females [BNNR166], Atlantida, 15km W La Ceiba , 175m, June 20–July 20, 1996, Malaise trap, R. Lehman ( TAMU)   ; 6 females, same data except 13km E La Ceiba. Panama (1 male, 4 females)   : 1 male, Canal Zone , Barro Colorado Is., May 13, 1956, C.W. & M.E. Rettenmeyer ( WSUP)   ; 1 female, same data except April 9, 1967, Roger D. Akre ( WSUP)   ; 1 female, Bocas Almirante , May 16, 1951, R. Dahl Coll. ( BMNH)   ; 1 female, Pacora , May 14, 1953 ( USNM)   ; 1 female, San Blas Prov., Cuadi River , April 3, 1967, no collector ( FSCA)   .

Distribution. Costa Rica, Honduras, and Panama ( Fig. 159 View FIGURE 159 ).

Discussion. About 20% of the specimens that keyed to this species had patchy microtomentum on the presutural area of the thorax, not a solid band (similar to Fig. 14 View FIGURES 7–15. 7–9 ), all from Costa Rica. Originally, this was thought to be a separate species, but other characters for both sexes appeared to be very similar. For now, this condition is considered intraspecific variation. A few specimens of Lucilia   , primarily from southeastern Brazil keyed to this species, but clearly are not, based on male genitalia. Not enough good material was available to determine if these specimens belong to an undescribed species, or if they are aberrant examples of an existing species. Two specimens that keyed to this species produced barcodes that were widely separated. This is either a vaiable species, or possibly a species complex. Further study is needed to explain the variation observed ( Fig. 161 View FIGURE 161 ).

Etymology. The species name was chosen to honor D. Monty Wood who encouraged me to work on the taxonomy of this difficult genus in the Neotropics and has been a dedicated student of Diptera   for over half a century.

Erratum

In the Whitworth publication on calliphorids of the West Indies (2010: 10, 11), the author mistakenly labeled the proepimeral seta which is present or absent in some Chrysomya   as “proepisternal seta”.

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Calliphoridae

Genus

Lucilia