Lucilia cluvia ( Walker, 1849 ), : Shannon, 1926

Whitworth, Terry, 2014, A revision of the Neotropical species of Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Calliphoridae), Zootaxa 3810 (1), pp. 1-76: 24-25

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3810.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C68A152F-33DD-4E49-900D-213DEE6591D8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5146320

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/102C87C3-FFFB-FFE1-E882-EBE64A38C86B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Lucilia cluvia ( Walker, 1849 )
status

 

2. Lucilia cluvia ( Walker, 1849)  

Figs. 1 View FIGURES 1–6. 1–2 , 10 View FIGURES 7–15. 7–9 , 161 View FIGURE 161 , Tables 1, 2

Musca cluvia Walker, 1849: 885   . Holotype female (BMNH, examined). Type locality: West Indies (as “ West India. From Mr. Children’s collection”). Note: The holotype is intact and in reasonably good condition; it is typical for the female of the species.

Lucilia cluvia: Shannon 1926: 133   ; Aubertin 1933: 418; Curran 1934: 472, likely a misidentification, see discussion below; Whitworth 2006: 720; Amat et al. 2008: 234; Whitworth 2010: 20 View Cited Treatment ; Kosmann et al. 2013: 77.

Phaenicia cluvia: Hall 1948: 236   ; James 1970: 10; Mariluis et al. 1994: 30 (misidentification, see discussion section below); Mariluis 2002: 99 (misidentification); Mariluis & Mulieri 2003: 87 (misidentification); Centeno et al. 2004: 388 (misidentification).

Lucilia pilatei Hough, 1899: 287   . Syntypes, 5 males and 17 females (“Type, male” in FMNH according to Hall 1948: 236; no syntypes examined). Type locality: United States, Georgia, Tifton.

Lucilia pilatei: Townsend 1908: 122   ; Shannon 1924: 80.

Notes on synonymy. Both Aubertin (1933) and Hall (1948) synonymized L. pilatei   with L. cluvia   . Hough (1899) noted this species has a “white beard”; only one species of Lucilia   in the Nearctic Region is known to have pale setae on the gena and this is L. cluvia   .

Diagnosis. One of seven species in the Neotropical Region with pale setae on the gena. Lucilia cluvia   is the only species in the region that has the combination of pale setae on gena and basicosta pale orange ( Figs. 1 View FIGURES 1–6. 1–2 , 10 View FIGURES 7–15. 7–9 ). The pale orange basicosta is also found in five other species in the region, including two species with three postacrostichals ( L. cuprina   and L. sericata   ), two species known only from the West Indies ( L. problematica   and L. retroversa   ), and one species ( L. deceptor   ) known only from the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. Both calypters are pale in both sexes, a condition found in only six species in the region (Table 2). Males of L. cluvia   have an exceptionally wide frons, 0.12 (0.10–13/13) of head width at narrowest, which readily distinguishes this species from other similar species. The broad frons in males is unique to this species with two postacrostichals on the mainland in the Neotropics. The males of the three species with two postacrostichals in the Galápagos also have a very broad frons, as do the two species with three postacrostichals in the Neotropics. Lucilia cluvia   is known only from Central America, the West Indies, and the Nearctic Region.

Description. See Whitworth (2010) for details of characters and figures of species character states.

Specimens examined. (11 males, 17 females). Costa Rica (3 males, 1 female): Guanacaste   . 2 males [BNNR186], 14km S Cañas , July 11–20, 1991, F.D. Parker ( LACM)   ; 1 male [BNNR187], same data except July 21–31, 1991, F.D. Parker   ; same data except July 28, 1991   ; 1 female, 3 mi SE R. Naranjo , July 29–31, 1993, F.D. Parker   . Guatemala. 1 female, San Jose , May 1943, D.G. Hall ( USNM)   . Honduras. 7 females, Rio Grande, July , 1935, J.J. White ( BMNH)   . Mexico (3 males, 3 females): Campeche   . 1 male, 1 female, Ciudad del Carmen , Aug. 5, 1964, Paul J. Spangler ( USNM)   . Chiapas. 1 male, Puerto Madero , June 6, 1969, B.V. Peterson ( CNC)   ; Nayarit. 1 male, San Blas , Dec. 30, 1969, D.L. Briggs ( FSCA)   . Oxaca   . 1 female, Mitla , April 9, 1953, R.C. Bechtel, E.I. Schlinger ( EMEC)   . Vera Cruz. 1 female, Catemaco , Sept. 6, 1974, W. Hanson, G. Bohart ( LACM)   . West Indies. Martinque   : 1 female, Aug. , 1957, J.W. Boyes ( CNC)   . Puerto Rico. 5 males, 4 females   : 1 male, Joyuda , Mayaguez, Dec. 8, 1981, Walter Vasquez ( UPR)   . 4 males, 2 females, San Juan, Carolina Bosque de Piñones , May 5–9, 1990, flight trap in mangroves, G.B. Fairchild ( FSCA)   ; 1 female [BNNR185], Quebradillas, 6.3 km SSE La Casa de Piedra, east side of Lago Guajataca , 18°22'24"N 66°54'22"W, June 15, 1996, C. Young et al. ( CMNH) GoogleMaps   ; 1 female [BNNR050], Mayaguez, UPRM Campus, Bosque Colegio Ciencias Agricolas , July 14, 2008, S. Yusseff ( UPR)   .

Distribution. Widespread, though rare throughout the southeastern United States, Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and the West Indies.

Discussion. Curran (1934a) listed L. cluvia   from Guyana (as British Guiana), this is almost certainly a misidentification as this species has not otherwise been found in South America. Lucilia albofusca   also has pale setae on the gena (like L. cluvia   ), it is a common species in Guyana and French Guiana and is likely what he was seeing. Mariluis et al. (1994) recorded this species from Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela and described three forms of this species. They distinguished L. eximia   and L. cluvia   based, in part, on the color of setae on the gena (jowls). They described the gena of L. eximia   with white pilosity and the gena of L. cluvia   without white pilosity. The authors listed L. rica   and L. ibis   as synonyms of L. cluvia   , this was a mistake, both are valid species. The discussion of L. cluvia   was repeated in Mariluis (2002). In fact, the reverse condition exists; L. cluvia   has pale setae on the gena while L. eximia   has dark setae on the gena. Lucilia cluvia   is the only mainland species with the combination of a pale yellow to orange basicosta and pale setae on the gena in the region. The frons width of male L. cluvia   is distinctive, 0.12 (0.10–0.13) of head width at narrowest; it is broader than any other mainland Neotropical Lucilia   with two postsutural acrostichals ( Lucilia   males of three species in the Galápagos have a broader frons). Mariluis & Mulieri (2003) recorded this species from Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and several authors appear to have followed their identification. I believe all records of this species from South America are likely an error. Amat et. al. (2008) provided a key to species of Colombia, the characters given in the key appear to be for L. cluvia   , but the authors do not indicate they collected it there and there is no evidence this species occurs there.

Barcodes for four specimens were obtained; two specimens from Puerto Rico and two from Costa Rica and they formed a distinct group ( Fig. 161 View FIGURE 161 ).

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

EMEC

Essig Museum of Entomology

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Calliphoridae

Genus

Lucilia

Loc

Lucilia cluvia ( Walker, 1849 )

Whitworth, Terry 2014
2014
Loc

Phaenicia cluvia: Hall 1948: 236

Centeno, N. & Almorza, D. & Arnillas, C. 2004: 388
Mariluis, J. C. & Mulieri, P. R. 2003: 87
Mariluis, J. C. 2002: 99
Mariluis, J. C. & Gonzalez Mora, D. & Peris, S. V. 1994: 30
James, M. T. 1970: 10
Hall, D. J. 1948: 236
1948
Loc

Lucilia cluvia

Kosmann, C. & Mello, R. P. de & Harterreiten-Souza, E. S. & Pujol-Luz, J. R. 2013: 77
Whitworth, T. L. 2010: 20
Amat, E. & Velez, M. C. & Wolff, M. 2008: 234
Whitworth, T. L. 2006: 720
Aubertin, D. 1933: 418
1933
Loc

Lucilia pilatei: Townsend 1908: 122

Shannon, R. C. 1924: 80
Townsend, C. H. T. 1908: 122
1908
Loc

Lucilia pilatei

Hall, D. J. 1948: 236
Hough, G. de 1899: 287
1899
Loc

Musca cluvia

Walker, F. 1849: 885
1849