Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553 : 29553

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/3C8894B8-AAB7-46E2-BF26-AEAC3C3A0169

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:3C8894B8-AAB7-46E2-BF26-AEAC3C3A0169

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae Fleming & Wood   ZBK   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0007278 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs and gusaneros; individualID: DHJPAR0007278; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT050-06, 93-SRNP-6894,; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagahazelcambroneroae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: hazelcambroneroae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Bosque San Emilio; verbatimElevation: 300; verbatimLatitude: 10.8439; verbatimLongitude: -85.6138; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8439; decimalLongitude: -85.6138; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Hoterodesausonia; verbatimEventDate: 11-Jul-1993; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0052525 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs and Guillermo Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0052525; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYM1879-13, 13-SRNP-19665, BOLD:ACJ4813; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagahazelcambroneroae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: hazelcambroneroae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Area Administrativa; verbatimElevation: 295; verbatimLatitude: 10.8376; verbatimLongitude: -85.6187; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8376; decimalLongitude: -85.6187; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Portentomorphaxanthialis; verbatimEventDate: 20-Aug-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0052653 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs and Johan Vargas; individualID: DHJPAR0052653; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYM2007-13, 13-SRNP-19649, BOLD:ACJ4813; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagahazelcambroneroae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: hazelcambroneroae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Area Administrativa; verbatimElevation: 295; verbatimLatitude: 10.8376; verbatimLongitude: -85.6187; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8376; decimalLongitude: -85.6187; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Portentomorphaxanthialis; verbatimEventDate: 14-Aug-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0052531 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs and Guillermo Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0052531; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYM1885-13, 13-SRNP-19667, BOLD:ACJ4813; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagahazelcambroneroae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: hazelcambroneroae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Area Administrativa; verbatimElevation: 295; verbatimLatitude: 10.8376; verbatimLongitude: -85.6187; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8376; decimalLongitude: -85.6187; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Portentomorphaxanthialis; verbatimEventDate: 20-Aug-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0052540 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs and Guillermo Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0052540; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYM1894-13, 13-SRNP-19685, BOLD:ACJ4813; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagahazelcambroneroae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: hazelcambroneroae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2017; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Santa Rosa; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Area Administrativa; verbatimElevation: 295; verbatimLatitude: 10.8376; verbatimLongitude: -85.6187; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8376; decimalLongitude: -85.6187; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Portentomorphaxanthialis; verbatimEventDate: 20-Aug-2013; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male (Fig. 17). Length: 5-8 mm. Head (Fig. 17b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two strong reclinate upper orbital setae, these not in line with frontal row (one aberrant male displaying one proclinate orbital seta in addition to the two reclinate pairs, was initially confused as female); ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle gold, concolorous with upper half of fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate gold over 50% of surface, sparsely setulose, setulae not extending beyond lowest frontal seta; parafacial shiny silver and bare; facial ridge haired up to 1/2 its surface, these being strong and widely spaced; pedicel dark brown, slightly lighter than postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow and haired, not clubbed. Thorax (Fig. 17a, c): brassy-gold tomentose dorsally, grey tomentose laterally; four prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair slightly broken across suture, not reaching beyond 2nd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with three setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4 (second postsutural seta often reduced and weaker than the other three); intra-alar setae 2:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; two katepisternal setae; lateral scutellar setae 2/3 as long as basal scutellar setae, lateral scutellar setae 1/2 as thick as both basal and subapical scutellar setae; subapical scutellar setae strongest and longest of marginal scutellar setae, strongly divergent; apical scutellar setae shorter than basal scutellar setae crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae; scutellum concolorous with scutum, very slightly darker than thorax along basal 50%. Legs (Fig. 17c): reddish-black in ground colour with dense covering of black hairs, making them appear darker; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 17a): pale translucent; vein R4+5 with 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 17a, c): ground colour black; middorsal depression on ST1+2 reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2 and T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae on T3-T5; sex patch absent; distinct brassy-gold tomentose bands dorsally along anterior 2/3 of T3 and T4; T5 with brassy-gold tomentum covering entire tergite; T3-T5 silver tomentose ventrally. Terminalia: anterior margin of sternite 5 (Fig. 17f) with a deep curved medial depression, posterior margin with a deeply excavated median cleft, two pyramid-shaped lobes; posterior lobes of sternite slightly pointed apically, 1-2 longer setae surrounded by shorter setulae, inner margins of cleft straight with a slight undulation, round cylindrical basally; unsclerotised "window" anterior to median cleft convex, with slender "arms" extending 3X as wide as median cleft with a short rectangular stalk. Cerci (Fig. 17d) in posterior view almost rectangular and subequal in length to surstyli, blunt and rounded off towards apices, separate medially on anterior 1/3, straight and slightly divergent when viewed dorsally, remaining 2/3 fused medially; in lateral view (Fig. 17e), almost parallel-sided along entire length, anterior 1/3 with a strong downward curve; densely setulose dorsally up to curve point, apparently bare ventrally (visible in lateral view). Surstyli in lateral view parallel-sided along their entire length, with rounded apices, strongly curved along anterior 1/3; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing not divergent. Pregonite broad and well-developed, slightly bent; basal 2/3 slightly cinched, giving it a very slightly clubbed appearance, apically rounded, few fine setulae along its edge. Postgonite elongate, parallel-sided along its length, with a slight curve at tip, subequal in length to pregonite. Distiphallus sail-shaped, with a very strong apical flare, a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joined as a plate on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Unknown at this time.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga   species by the following combination of traits: facial ridge with setae along half its length, four dorsocentral setae, two katepisternal setae, hind coxa bare, both abdomen and thorax brassy tomentose throughout, abdominal ground color black and median marginal setae present on ST1+2.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae   sp. n. is named in recognition of Hazel Cambronero Romero's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 295-300 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga hazelcambroneroae   sp. n. has been reared five times from two species of Lepidoptera   in the family Crambidae   , Hoterodes ausonia   Cramer, 1777 and Portentomorpha xanthialis   ( Guenée, 1854), in dry forest.