Darevskia unisexualis (Darevsky, 1966)

Petrosyan, Varos G, Osipov, Fedor A, Bobrov, Vladimir V, Dergunova, Natalia N, Kropachev, Ivan I, Danielyan, Felix D & Arakelyan, Marine S, 2020, New records and geographic distribution of the sympatric zones of unisexual and bisexual rock lizards of the genus Darevskia in Armenia and adjacent territories, Biodiversity Data Journal 8, pp. 56030-56030: 56030

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e56030

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/144992FF-575E-5926-976D-771AD9A4A0BD

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Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Darevskia unisexualis (Darevsky, 1966)
status

 

Darevskia unisexualis (Darevsky, 1966)  

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2018390; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2018390; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Kotayk Province; locality: Punick ; decimalLatitude: 40.609193; decimalLongitude: 44.60197; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-8; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2018402; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 2; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2018402; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Kotayk Province; locality: Hrazdan city ; decimalLatitude: 40.506393; decimalLongitude: 44.748776; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-9; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2018405; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2018405; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Gegharkunik Province; locality: Tsovak ; decimalLatitude: 40.185681; decimalLongitude: 45.623972; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-10; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2018410; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2018410; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Aragatsotn Province; locality: Kuchak ; decimalLatitude: 40.528691; decimalLongitude: 44.388427; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-11; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019416; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019416; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Aragatsotn Province; locality: Tsilkar ; decimalLatitude: 40.736893; decimalLongitude: 44.197427; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2019-7-16; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019429; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019429; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Gegharkunik Province; locality: Close to Noratus ; decimalLatitude: 40.39722; decimalLongitude: 45.144424; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2019-7-19; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019441; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 4; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019441; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Shirak Province; locality: Keti ; decimalLatitude: 40.864013; decimalLongitude: 43.841847; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2019-7-25; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019459; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 3; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019459; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Kotayk Province; locality: Tsakhkadzor ; decimalLatitude: 40.53515; decimalLongitude: 44.6972; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-9; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019463; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 2; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019463; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Kotayk Province; locality: Artavazd ; decimalLatitude: 40.620316666667; decimalLongitude: 44.56305; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2018-7-14; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019477; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019477; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Gegharkunik Province; locality: Lchap, Sevan Lake ; decimalLatitude: 40.4673; decimalLongitude: 45.0621; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2019-6-20; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: REPAMPHRU2019479; recordedBy: Osipov F.A.; individualCount: 1; sex: fmale; lifeStage: adult; occurrenceID: urn:IEERASBIOINF:REPAMPHRU2019479; Taxon: scientificName: Darevskiaunisexualis; kingdom: Animalia ; phylum: Chordata ; class: Reptilia ; order: Squamata ; family: Lacertidae ; genus: Darevskia ; scientificNameAuthorship: Darevsky, 1966; Location: country: Armenia; stateProvince: Lori Province; locality: Spitak ; decimalLatitude: 40.8249; decimalLongitude: 44.2775; geodeticDatum: WGS1984; georeferenceProtocol: GPS; Identification: identifiedBy: Arakelyan M.S.; Event: samplingProtocol: Captured by noose; eventDate: 2019-6-20; Record Level: language: en; rights: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; rightsHolder: Petrosyan V.G.; accessRights: http://vertnet.org/resources/norms.html; institutionCode: IEERASBIOINF; collectionCode: REPAMPHRU; basisOfRecord: HumanObservation GoogleMaps  

Notes

The parthenogenetic lizard of D. unisexualis   is formed as a result of interspecific hybridisation between bisexual D. valentini   ("paternal") and D. r. nairensis   ("maternal") species ( Darevsky 1966, Darevsky 1967, Uzzell and Darevsky 1975, Moritz et al. 1992, Murphy et al. 2000). Species identification in studed SZs was carried out using allozyme loci, mt-DNA, multilocus DNA fingerprinting, mini- and micro-satellite markers and morphological traits ( Darevsky 1967, Uzzell and Darevsky 1975, Murphy et al. 2000, Ryskov et al. 2000, Tokarskaya et al. 2001, Ryskov et al. 2003, Tokarskaya et al. 2003, Korchagin and Tokarskaya 2010, Omel'chenko et al. 2009a, Omel'chenko et al. 2009b, Arakelyan et al. 2011). In the field, D. unisexualis   was identified using species identification guides according to Darevsky ( Darevsky 1967), (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 ), since it has previously been shown that the identification using specific features did not cause confusion between the species ( Darevsky 1967, Uzzell and Darevsky 1975, Tokarskaya et al. 2001, Tokarskaya et al. 2003, Omel'chenko et al. 2009a, Omel'chenko et al. 2009b, Arakelyan et al. 2011). We captured and identified 18 individuals in 11 SZs. All individuals were found to be females, determined by visual inspection of the genitals.

The D. unisexualis   range covers the territory of northern and central highland Armenia and the adjacent regions of eastern Turkey. In Armenia, the species is found in isolated populations in the five Provinces of Aragatsotn, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Lori and Shirak. In these Provinces, nine SZs were identified, including four SZs in which D. unisexualis   co-exists with the "maternal" species D. r. nairensis   and in two SZs with the "paternal" species D. valentini   . The number of SZs, where there is co-existence with other parthenogenetic species D. armeniaca   , D. dahli   and D. rostombekowi   , are five, two and two, respectively. Hybrid individuals of D. valentini   x D. unisexualis   were found in two zones (Artavazd, Kuchak), which were previously noted in literature ( Danielyan et al. 2008, Spangenberg et al. 2017, Carretero et al. 2018). In the SZ Artavazd, autotriploid males and sterile intersexual individuals were found from 1984-1988 ( Darevsky et al. 1989). The origin of these hybrids can be explained by interclonal mating between parthenogenetic females and rare, conspecific diploid males. Identified SZs are located at rock outcrops, piles of stones and rocky slopes in the mountain-steppe zone.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Lacertidae

Genus

Darevskia