Hadronyche monaro, Gray, 2010

Gray, Michael R., 2010, A Revision of the Australian Funnel-web Spiders (Hexathelidae: Atracinae), Records of the Australian Museum 62 (3), pp. 285-392: 338-355

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.3853/j.0067-1975.62.2010.1556

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/163F87D5-FFDE-FFE3-C419-90E553BCFE6F

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Hadronyche monaro
status

n.sp.

Hadronyche monaro   n.sp.

Figures 47–49; Table 14

Etymology. The specific epithet refers to the Monaro region of New South Wales.

Figure 47. Hadronyche monaro   , male: (A) sternum, labium and Types. Holotype male:AMS KS8744, Sawpit Creek, Kosciuszko National maxilla; (B) cephalothorax and chelicerae, lateral; (C) spinnerets; Park, New South Wales, 28°22'S 152°49'E, J. Gold, February 1982. (D) cheliceral groove teeth; (E) cephalothorax and chelicerae, Paratypes (all AM). New South Wales. Males:AMS KS6647, Sawpit Creek, dorsal; (F) palp, prolateral; (G) leg II, prolateral. Scale lines 1 mm. Male (holotype) — Size. Carapace length 6.23, width 6.08. inferior 1, 0. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 11, 8; metatarsus Abdomen length 7.24, width 5.23. — Colour. Basic colour 13, 10; tibia p6 r6, p5 r5. — Leg spination. Leg I: femur d9, pattern. — Carapace. Slightly longer than wide, cephalic patella 2 (p1 v1), tibia 25, metatarsus 23, tarsus 9. Leg II: area moderately raised. Height 2.95. Frontal width 4.67. femur d6, patella p2, tibia 7, metatarsus 13, tarsus 9. Leg III: Fovea procurved, anterior margin weakly notched. Mid- femur d2, patella 12 (p10 r2), tibia 17 (p4 r4), metatarsus dorsal cephalic setae do not reach fovea. Anterior strial 25, tarsus 13. Leg IV: femur d4 (bristle-like), patella r1, tibia setae absent. Anterolateral carapace angle with small, weak 6 (p1 r3), metatarsus 23, tarsus 21. — Abdomen. Sparsely bristles. — Eyes. Central eye region slightly raised. Eye group covered with weak bristles and hairs. Posterior lateral width 1.76. Median ocular quadrangle length 0.66, anterior spinnerets with medium length apical segment. Lengths: total width 0.80, posterior width 1.14. Diameters: AME 0.20, 2.34; basal segment 1.00, middle 0.58; apical 0.76. Apical ALE 0.33, PLE 0.20, PME 0.16. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral segment width 0.32. groove short, of medium width, margins diverging distally. Groove length 1.85, middle width 0.41. Cheliceral teeth: Distribution. East of the Snowy Mountains in the 19 central, occupying full length of groove; 9 prolateral; Eucumbene/Jindabyne region of New South Wales (Fig. 49). 9 retrolateral. — Labium. Almost as long as wide, not indented apically. Length 1.28, width 1.29. Labiosternal Hadronyche mascordi   n.sp. sigilla narrowed toward midline. Cuspules c. 226, number moderate. — Sternum. Ovoid. Length 4.08, width 3.22. Figures 49–52; Tables 15, 34 Posterior sigilla oval, broad. — Palp. Tegular area wider than long. Embolus of moderate length and width; shaft straight Etymology. The species is named for Ramon Mascord— to slightly curved, weakly tapered distally. Distal part of author, photographer and student of Australian spiders. embolus weakly twisted and flange rather short. Embolus

Types. Holotype male: AMS KS2065, Somersby, via Gosford, New South   slightly offset from tegulum. Bulb length 2.19, width 0.93.

Wales, 33°21'S 151°17'E, L. Abra, October 1978. Paratypes (all AM). Embolus length 1.42, midwidth 0.18. Length of femur 2.86, New South Wales. Males: AMS KS13393, Kulnura GoogleMaps   , 33°13'S 151°13'E, 25 patella 1.40, tibia 3.00. Width of tibia 1.46. Spination: femur October 1983; AMS KS13401, Kulnura GoogleMaps   , 33°13'S 151°13'E, September 1983, 2, patella 0, tibia 0. A few sinuous bristles on distal femur. Nelson and Rodgers; AMS KS4102, Somersby GoogleMaps   , 33°21'S 151°17'E, 3 October — Legs. 4123 GoogleMaps   .

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total

1 5.04 2.50 4.12 3.77 2.26 17.69

2 4.76 2.38 3.76 3.47 2.26 16.63

3 4.22 1.81 2.61 3.33 2.31 14.28

4 5.03 2.38 3.69 4.22 2.85 18.17

Tibia I width 0.94. Femora I and II with dorsal spines. Leg

I unmodified. Tibia II without apophysis, weakly excavated distoventrally; ventral spines grouped in proximal half.

Metatarsus II weakly sinuous with a small spined midventral apophyseal swelling. Metatarsus IV slightly enlarged distally, concavely arched dorsally. Anterior coxal hairs normal. Tarsal scopulae: legs I, II weak; legs III, IV moderate to strong. Distal metatarsal scopulae: legs I–III absent to weak; leg IV moderately developed, extending to midventral Figure 49. Collection records for Hadronyche monaro   (squares) metatarsus. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior 11, 10, and H. mascordi   (circles)

1979, R. Mascord   ; AMS KS8571, Somersby , 33°21'S 151°17'E GoogleMaps   , 12 October width 1.22. Diameters: AME 0.25, ALE 0.42, PLE 0.33, 1981, L.Abra   ; AMS KS4108, Somersby , 33°21'S 151°17'E, 3 October 1979 GoogleMaps   , PME 0.30. — Chelicerae. Anterodorsal paturon bristles K. Mascord   ; AMS KS991, Somersby , 33°21'S 151°17'E, November 1956 GoogleMaps   ,

J. V. Brown   . AMS KS7335, Somersby , 33°21'S 151°17'E, 12 September rather short. Cheliceral groove moderately short and wide, 1956, J. Brown. Females GoogleMaps   : AMS KS15749, Kariong , near Gosford, 33°26'S margins diverging distally. Groove length 1.69, middle 151°18'E, L. Abra, October 1984 GoogleMaps   ; AMS KS14381, Kulnura , 33°13'S width 0.42. Cheliceral teeth: 7 central, running full length 151°13'E, 23 March 1984 GoogleMaps   , M. Gray; AMS KS14757, Kariong , 33°26'S of groove; 8 prolateral; 6 retrolateral. — Labium. Short — 151°18'E, 4 June 1984 GoogleMaps   ; AMS KS14234, Kulnura , 33°13'S 151°13'E, 10 length 0.98, width 1.39. Labium fused posteromedially with April 1984 GoogleMaps   , B. Thomas; AMS KS14233, Kulnura , 33°13'S 151°13'E, 10 GoogleMaps  

April 1984, B. Thomas; AMS KS14551, Kulnura, 33°13'S 151°13'E, 21 sternum. Labiosternal sigilla reduced to a weak, transverse March 1984 GoogleMaps   , E. Thompson; AMS KS14226, Kulnura, 33°13'S 151°13'E, line suture flanked by two small lateral sigilla. Cuspules c. 5 April 1984 GoogleMaps   ; AMS KS14547, Kariong, 33°26'S 151°18'E, 13 April 1984 GoogleMaps   . 209, covering most of ventral labium, number moderate.

— Sternum. Ovoid. Raised anteriorly and continuous with Other material examined. New South Wales (males): labium. Length 3.81, width 2.82. Posterior sigilla very small, AMS KS13394, Kulnura , 25 October 1983   ; AMS KS13399, ovoid to elongate. — Palp. Tegular area slightly wider than Kulnura, September 1983   ; AMS KS13400, Kulnura , long. Embolus shaft short, tapering, weakly curved. Distal September 1983   ; AMS KS13377, Somersby , 14 September embolus weakly to moderately twisted, often with a subdistal 1983, K. Gould   ; AMS KS1929, Somersby , October 1978   , L. “notch”. Embolus moderately offset from tegulum. Bulb Abra   ; AMS KS23333, Kulnura–Somersby area . length 2.10, width 0.84. Embolus length 1.34, midwidth  

0.15. Length of femur 2.70, patella 1.40, tibia 2.68. Width Diagnosis. CL 5.54–6.68 (male). Small Atracinae   . Differs of tibia 1.22. Spination: femur 1; few weak sinuous bristles from other atracine species in having a short labium (LW/ on distal femur. — Legs. 4123.

LL 0.64) that is fused with the sternum posteromedially

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total (Figs. 50A, 51A).

1 5.11 2.38 3.81 3.03 1.97 16.30 Male (holotype) — Size. Carapace length 6.19, width 5.68. 2 4.88 2.42 3.90 2.69 1.89 15.78

3 4.10 1.91 2.95 3.03 2.13 14.12 Abdomen length 6.07, width 4.51. — Colour. Basic colour

4 5.08 2.15 4.04 3.81 2.50 17.58 pattern, dark brown to black. Abdomen with 4–5 pairs of small distinct chevron markings on lateral dorsal abdomen.

Tibia I width 0.88. All femora with dorsal spines. Metatarsus — Carapace. Slightly longer than wide, strongly raised.

I normal to slightly thickened proximally. Tibia II lacking Height 3.01. Frontal width 4.63. Fovea procurved. Mid-

apophysis, spines centrally-proximally placed. Metatarsus dorsal cephalic setae numerous, reach fovea. Anterior strial

II weakly sinuous, with a small mid-ventral swelling. setae present. Anterolateral angle of carapace with strong

Coxal hairs normal. Tarsal and distal metatarsal scopulae: bristles. — Eyes. Sessile. Eye group width 1.74. Median

weak to absent on legs I, II; well developed on legs III, IV. ocular quadrangle length 0.62, anterior width 0.79, posterior

Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior 13, 13; inferior 6, 5.

Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 8, 9; metatarsus 12, 10; tibia

p6 r6, p6 r6. — Leg spination. Leg I: femur d4, patella 0,

tibia 10, metatarsus 30, tarsus 11. Leg II: femur d5, patella patella p4, tibia 8 (p4 r2), metatarsus 23 (p6 r3), tarsus 13. p1, tibia 10, metatarsus 13, tarsus 15. Leg III: femur d2, Leg IV: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 3, metatarsus 21, tarsus patella p4, tibia 10 (p5 r2), metatarsus 19, tarsus 18. Leg 21. — Abdomen. Sparse cover of weak hairs and bristles. IV: femur d5, patella 0, tibia 6, metatarsus 20, tarsus 16. Posterior lateral spinnerets with short apical segment. — Abdomen. Posterior lateral spinnerets with short apical Lengths: total 2.58, basal segment 1.53, middle 0.82, apical segment. Lengths: total 1.99; basal segment 0.76, middle 0.82.Apical segment width 0.55. — Genitalia. Spermathecae 0.50, apical 0.73. Apical width 0.38. short, bluntly conical, lateral margins sloping medially; wide basally, separated by about half basal width. Length 0.75,

Female (paratype AMS KS15749) — Size. Carapace length width 0.68. 7.14, width 7.04. Abdomen length 12.50, width 8.78. — Colour. Basic colour pattern. — Carapace. Almost as Distribution. Kulnura / Somersby region, Central Coast, New wide as long; strongly raised, broad frontally. Height 3.81; South Wales (Fig. 49). frontal width 6.05. Cephalic length 5.44. Fovea procurved. Mid-dorsal cephalic setae reach fovea. Anterior strial setae Comments. A female spider from Kulnura, NSW was present. Anterolateral carapace angle with a few bristles. collected (apparently dead) in her burrow with 14 young — Eyes. Central eye region slightly raised. Eye group width (KS14551). These “spiderlings” were remarkable because 2.11. Diameters: AME 0.22, ALE 0.46, PLE 0.34, PME of their large size—their mean carapace length was 4.0 mm, 0.28. Interdistances: AME–AME 0.37, AME–ALE 0.20, compared with 8.0 mm for the female. ALE–PLE 0.26, PLE– PME 0.14, PME – PME 0.95. Median ocular quadrangle length 0.73, anterior width 0.91, posterior width 1.45. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral groove margins diverge distally. Groove length 2.31, middle width 0.65. Cheliceral Hadronyche nimoola   n.sp. teeth: 22 central in a single row occupying full length of groove; 8 prolateral; 6 retrolateral. — Labium. Short (length Figures 53 View Figure 53 –56; Tables 16, 34 1.09, width 1.67), fused with sternum as in male; anterior margin not indented. Cuspules distributed over most of Etymology. The specific epithet is taken from an aboriginal ventral labium. — Sternum. Ovoid, fused anteriorly with word for a steep slope, a reference to the caput profile of labium, surface strongly convex. Length 4.62, width 3.81. this species. Posterior sternal sigilla small, narrow and elongate: length 0.61, width 0.21. — Palp. Spination: tibia 0 (strong bristles), Types. Holotype male: AMS KS867, Batemans Bay , New South Wales, 35°43'S 150°13'E, J. R. Mylott, 3 March 1973. Paratypes (all AM). New GoogleMaps  

tarsus 6. Tarsal claw with 8 teeth. Trichobothria : tibia p5 r6, South Wales Males: AMS KS2276 Benandarah State Forest, 35°39'S  

tarsus 10. — Legs. 4123. Legs I and IV subequal. 150°15'E, 30 November 1978 – 4 January 1979, C. Horseman   ; AMS KS863, Bermagui, 36°25'S 150°04'E, K. Walker GoogleMaps   ; AMS KS12124, Bondi State  

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total Forest, nr.Bombala, 37°06'S 149°15'E, 26 January 1981, G. Gowing et al.;

1 5.66 2.99 4.11 3.32 2.21 18.29 AMS KS2665, Bowral, 34°28'S 150°25'E, 7 February 1979 GoogleMaps   , G. Goodfellow; 2 5.10 2.79 3.88 3.18 2.18 17.13 AMS KS2081, Crookwell, 34°27'S 149°28'E, 28 November 1978 GoogleMaps   , L.E. 3 4.22 1.97 2.48 2.89 2.24 13.80 Willis   ; AMS KS862, Narooma, 36°12'S 150°08'E, 14 February 1971 GoogleMaps   , 4 5.58 2.58 3.89 3.77 2.48 18.30 B. Plunkett-Cole; AMS KS88199, Exeter, 34°36'S 150°19'E, 21 January 2004 GoogleMaps   ; AMS KS3876, Narooma, 36°13'S 150°08'E, January 1979 GoogleMaps   , B.H.

Plunkett-Cole. Females: AMS KS4664, Bundanoon, 34°39'S 150°18'E GoogleMaps   ,

Tibia I width 1.20. Metatarsus I proximal width 0.86. Coxal February, 1980; AMS KS16446, Bermagui , 36°25'S 150°04'E GoogleMaps   , K. Walker; setae unmodified. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior 10, AMS KS12139, Bondi State Forest , nr. Bombala, 37°06'S 149°15'E GoogleMaps   , 26 10; inferior 5, 5. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 11, 11; January 1981, G. Gowing et al.; AMS KS6163, Bowral , 34°28'S 150°25'E GoogleMaps   , October 1980, H.Styles; AMS KS6825, Grabben Gullen , 34°32'S 149°24'E GoogleMaps   ,

metatarsus 13, 10; tibia p6 r6. — Leg spination. Leg I: femur 16 December 1980, R. Chown; AMS KS4506, Moruya, 35°54'S 150°06'E GoogleMaps   ,

0, patella 0, tibia 1, metatarsus 6, tarsus 5. Leg II: femur 0, January 1980   ; AMS KS3625, Narooma , 36°12'S 150°08'E, 15 June 1971 GoogleMaps   , patella 0, tibia 2, metatarsus 11, tarsus 7. Leg III: femur 0, J. Cobcroft   .

Other material examined. New South Wales (males): AMS KS2032, pattern. — Carapace. About as wide as long, strongly raised. Benandarah State Forest, 5 October 1978 – 2 November 1978, C.Horseman; Height 3.61. Frontal width 5.99. Fovea broad, procurved, AMS KS867, Bateman’s Bay , 3 March 1973; AMS KS12150, Bondi State Forest , near Bombala, 26 January 1981, G. Gowing et al.; AMS KS3460, anterior margin weakly indented. Mid-dorsal cephalic Yass River , 30 July 1966, A.B.Thompson; AMS KS6163, Bowral, October setae small, closely spaced, reach, or almost reach, fovea. 1980, H. Styles; AMS KS13806, Bundanoon, 5 February 1984, W. Nooijen; Anterior strial setae absent. Anterolateral angle of carapace AMS KS6825, Grabben Gullen, 16 December 1980, R. Chown; AMS with weak bristles. — Eyes. Sessile to slightly raised in KS7567, Grabben Gullen, 23 October 1980, R. Chown; AMS KS2117, central eye region. Eye group width 2.32. Median ocular Kioloa State Forest , 2 November 1978 – 30 November 1978, C. Horseman; AMS KS2293, Kioloa State Forest , 30 November 1978 – 4 January 1979, quadrangle length 0.78, anterior width 1.05, posterior C. Horseman; AMS KS1163, Mittagong, 13 January 1978, M. Johnson; width 1.60. Diameters: AME 0.33, ALE 0.47, PLE 0.37, AMS KS6275, Moss   Vale, 27 December 1980, J. Kelly; AMS KS868 & PME 0.25. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral groove broad, margins 869, Nerrigundah, December 1945, V. Haskell; AMS KS861, Narooma, diverging distally. Groove length 2.28, middle width 0.52. 16 November 1974, B. Plunkett-Cole   . New South Wales (females): AMS KS1865, Bega, 24 January 1976, H.W. Kemp; AMS KS1867, Bermagui, Cheliceral teeth: 16 central, running full length of groove; May 1964, K.Walker; AMS KS11996, Bondi State Forest , near Bombala, 14 9 prolateral; 11 retrolateral. — Labium. Wider than long. November 1980, G. Gowing et al.; AMS KS1872, Bowral, H.H. Florence; Length 1.44, width 1.66. Labiosternal sigilla narrowed in AMS KS1873, Bundanoon, 8 January 1952, N.C. de Meyrick; Merimbula, midline. Cuspules c. 234, number moderate. — Sternum. 5 June 1964 ( MV); AMS KS4777, Mittagong, June 1937, A. Livingstone; Ovoid, broad. Setae weak. Length 4.35, width 3.65. Posterior AMS KS2961, Narooma, 29 April 1979, A. Brown   . Australian Capital Territory (male): AMS KS13824, Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve, 9 March sigilla elongate, ovoid. — Palp. Tegular area wider than 1978, P. Ormay. long. Embolus rather short, strongly tapered distally, weakly curved. Distal part moderately twisted, embolic groove  

Diagnosis. CL 5.85–7.22 (male). Small atracine spiders sometimes rather wide. Embolus weakly to moderately without leg II apophyses. Differs from most Hadronyche   offset from tegulum. Bulb length 2.43, width 0.99. Embolus spp. by caput being high and wide, almost bulbous ( CH /CW: length 1.61, midwidth 0.18. Length of femur 3.50, patella male 0.53 [ Fig. 53A View Figure 53 ], female 0.61 [Fig. 54B]), and having 1.45, tibia 3.49. Width of tibia 1.64. Spination: femur with relatively few STC teeth (7–9) on tarsi I, II; from H. mascordi   7 sinuous bristle-like spines, tibia with 2 bristle-like spines. by having an entire labiosternal sigilla; from lamingtonensis   —Legs. 4123. group species by having a long central cheliceral tooth row.

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total

1 6.23 3.01 4.80 4.26 2.65 20.95

Male (holotype) — Size. Carapace length 7.01, width 7.30.

2 5.66 2.87 4.43 3.90 2.46 19.32

Abdomen length 8.44, width 6.03. — Colour. Basic colour

3 4.82 2.34 3.28 3.62 2.65 16.71

4 6.10 2.88 4.92 4.74 3.15 21.79

Tibia I width 1.15. Femur I with few or no dorsal spines; femur II usually with spines, occasionally none; femora III and IV with spines. Legs I and II unmodified, spines small, scattered. Metatarsus IV thickened distally, concavely arched dorsally.Anteromedial hairs on coxae I, II usually thickened Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total basally. Tarsal and distal metatarsal scopulae moderately 1 6.11 3.36 4.18 3.28 2.12 19.05 developed on legs I, II; strongly developed on legs III, IV. 2 5.45 3.20 3.62 3.03 2.26 17.56 Metatarsi IV scopulae extend to mid ventral area. Tarsal 3 4.58 2.36 2.59 2.83 2.35 14.71 claw teeth legs I, II: superior 7, 8: inferior 0, 0. Trichobothria 4 6.15 3.77 4.63 3.98 2.74 21.27 legs I, II: tarsus 11, 10, metatarsus 13, 13; tibia p6 r6, p6 r6. — Leg spination. Leg I: femur 0, patella p1, tibia 11 (p3), Tibia I width 1.48. Metatarsus I proximal width 1.03. Coxae metatarsus 25, tarsus 22. Leg II: femur d5, patella p1, tibia I, II with basally thickened and thorn-like setae anteriorly. 17, metatarsus 32, tarsus 23. Leg III: femur d6, patella 33 Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior 7, 7; inferior 2, 2. (p26 r7), tibia 22 (p7, r2, d2), metatarsus 40, tarsus 27. Leg Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 11, 11, metatarsus 12, 11; tibia IV: femur d7, patella r5, tibia 8 (r1 d2), metatarsus 22, tarsus p6 r5, p6 r5. — Leg spination. Leg I: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 35. — Abdomen. Sparse, fine hair cover, bristles lacking or 1, metatarsus 10, tarsus 7. Leg II: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 1, very weak. Posterior lateral spinnerets with moderately metatarsus 14, tarsus 7. Leg III; femur 0, patella pd 20, tibia short apical segment. Lengths: total 2.88; basal segment 12 (p6 r3), metatarsus 33 (p14 r6), tarsus 15. Leg IV: femur 1.32; middle 0.58; apical 0.98. Apical segment width 0.48. 0, patella 0, tibia 1, metatarsus 14, tarsus 7. — Abdomen.

Posterior lateral spinnerets with short apical segment. Female (paratype AMS KS4664) — Size. Carapace length Lengths: total 3.95; basal segment 1.79, middle 0.87, apical 8.74, width 8.65. Abdomen length 12.24, width 8.30. — 1.29. Apical segment width 0.69. — Genitalia. Spermathecae Colour. Basic colour pattern. — Carapace. About as long as short, digitiform, well separated basally (by slightly more wide, cephalic area broad and very strongly raised. Height than basal spermatheca width); diverge toward rounded and 5.08; frontal width 7.84. Cephalic length 6.90. Fovea wide, slightly enlarged apices. Length 0.87, width 0.44. deeply procurved, anterior margin indented. Mid-dorsal cephalic setae variable, may or may not reach fovea. Anterior Distribution. Southern highland and south coastal regions strial setae absent. Anterolateral carapace angle with several of New South Wales (Fig. 56). weak bristles. — Eyes. Eye region sessile. Eye group width 2.76. Diameters: AME 0.28, ALE 0.47, PLE 0.38, PME 0.24. Interdistances: AME–AME 0.55, AME–ALE 0.43, A.L.E–PLE 0.40, PLE–PME 0.26, PME–PME 1.36. Median ocular quadrangle length 0.88, anterior width 1.17, posterior width 1.88. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral groove wide, margins diverging distally. Groove length 2.83, middle width 0.74. Cheliceral teeth: 36 central, occupying full length of groove in irregular double row; 11 prolateral; 9 retrolateral. — Labium. Slightly wider than long, anterior margin weakly or not indented. Length 2.10, width 2.46. Cuspules occupy anterior two-thirds of labium. Labiosternal sigilla entire, narrow. — Sternum. Broad, subcircular. Length 5.78, width 5.08. Anterolateral angles with a few short, basally thickened, bristle-like setae. Posterior sigilla long, ovoid: length 1.31, width 0.49. — Palp. Spination: tibia 1, tarsus 8. Trichobothria: tibia p6 r5, tarsus 14. Tarsal claws with 6 teeth. — Legs. 4123. Figure 56. Collection records for Hadronyche nimoola   (squares)

and H. modesta   (circles).

Hadronyche modesta (Simon)   Male (AMS KS8475, Lilydale, 14 May 1980). — Size.

Carapace length 6.40, width 6.10. Abdomen length 5.85, Figures 56–59; Tables 17, 34 width 6.12. — Colour. Basic colour pattern. — Carapace.

Slightly longer than wide, cephalic area moderately raised. Atrax modesta Simon, 1891: 302   . Hogg, 1901: 272. Main, Height 2.68, frontal width 4.16. Fovea slightly procurved. 1985: 41. Mid-dorsal cephalic setae few, do not reach fovea. Anterior Hadronyche modesta   .–Gray, 1988: 114 (transferred from strial setae absent. Anterolateral carapace angle with a Atrax   ). few very weak bristles. — Eyes. Central eye region raised.

Types. Holotype female: MNHN, Paris (not seen). Melbourne, Victoria. Eye group width 1.82. Median ocular quadrangle length  

0.64, anterior width 0.86, posterior width 1.14. Diameters: Other material examined. Victoria (males): Ellinbank via Warragul, 11 AME 0.28, ALE 0.32, PLE 0.22, PME   0.14. — Chelicerae. May 1962, J. Copley ( MV); AMS KS8471   , Emerald , 3 April 1978; AMS   Cheliceral groove margins subparallel to weakly divergent. KS8472   , Emerald, 20 April 1979; Leongatha , 6 June 1963, I. Bissett ( MV)   ;

AMS KS7292, Back Creek Rd., Gembrook State Forest, near Gembrook , Groove length 2.06, middle width 0.34. Cheliceral teeth: Victoria, L. Gibson, 10 March 1981   ); Mirboo North 15 April 1966   , G.B. 23 central, occupying full length of groove; 8 prolateral, Burr ( MV); 6 km NE. of Mirboo North, 26.iii.1967   , J. Seebeck ( MV); 9 retrolateral. Central tooth row occasionally shorter   . — AMS KS8473, Mount Eliza , 23 April 1979   ; AMS KS8930, Mount Tassie, Labium. Wider than long, apically indented. Length 1.00, Strezelecki Ranges, 25 March 1982   , R. Waters   ; AMS KS8933, Tanjil South   ,

near Moe, February 1982, N. Barton; AMS KS8474, Thorpdale, 10 April width 1.38. Labiosternal sigilla narrowed toward midline. 1980; Wright , SE of Emerald, September 1951   , C. Oke ( MV); Yallourn, Slight transverse groove behind cuspules. Cuspules c. 123, 6 February 1963   , J. Irving ( MV); Yarra Junction , 4 May 1964   , J. Mooney number low-moderate. — Sternum. Ovoid. Length 4.01, ( MV); Yarra Junction 20 April 1964   , J. Mooney ( MV). Victoria (females): width 3.28. Posterior sigilla elongate, narrow. — Palp. AMS KS10775, Cockatoo , 10 October 1982   ,? McKelvey; AMS KS8477, Tegular area wider than long. Embolus short and broad, Ferny Creek , 6 October 1979   ; AMS KS12618, Hawthorn , 23 January 1983   ,

M. Harvey; AMS KS8476, Milford , 26 October 1976   ; AMS KS8339, almost straight, base moderately offset from tegulum; distal Mirboo North , Apr 1980   ; AMS KS8932, Moe area , October 1981   , N.Barton; embolus straight, hardly twisted. Bulb length 2.26, width AMS KS8470, Mount Evelyn , Lilydale Shire, 5 June 1979   ; AMS KS8931, 1.03. Embolus length 1.37, midwidth 0.20. Length of femur Newborough, near Moe, March 1982   , N. Barton; AMS KS8926, Sassafras , 3.06, patella 1.36, tibia 3.18. Width of tibia 1.71. Spination: 14 February 1982   , N.Wentworth; AMS KS10560, Warragul , January 1983   ,

N. Barton; AMS KS3386,Yinnar, 9 July 1979, N. Barton. femur 3, patella 4, tibia 0. Distal femur spined, sinuous bristles few to absent. — Legs. 4123.

Diagnosis. CL 5.48–7.30 (male). Small atracine spiders with

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total leg II apophyseal swellings (Figs. 57G, 59H–K). Differs from

1 6.16 2.69 4.82 4.45 2.75 20.87 H. meridiana   and H. jensenae   by having a short, straight

2 5.91 2.61 4.82 4.20 2.75 20.29 embolus but with the distal part neither twisted nor angled,

3 5.22 2.23 3.76 4.20 2.92 17.33 respectively ( Fig. 59B,C View Figure 59 ). Differs from other Hadronyche  

4 6.32 2.72 5.24 5.44 3.48 23.20 spp. with leg II apophyses/swellings by having a relatively short labium (LL/LW 0.71) (Fig. 57E).

Tibia I width 1.14. Femora I and II with dorsal spines. Leg Length 5.08, width 4.38. Posterior sigilla elongate, length I unmodified, tibial and metatarsal ventral spines numerous. 1.02, width 0.39. — Palp. Spination: tibia 1–3 ventral bristle- Patella I and II lack prolateral spines. Ventral tibia II weakly like spines, tarsus 9. Trichobothria: tibia p5 r4, tarsus 7. swollen and spinose proximally-centrally; with a few Tarsal claw with 5 teeth. — Legs. 1423.

enlarged central spines; distal tibia II concave ventrally and

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total lacking spines (other than apical pair). Metatarsus II sinuous,

1 7.08 4.04 5.29 4.11 3.01 23.53 with a small, spined, midventral apophysis. Coxal setae

2 6.29 3.13 4.74 3.64 2.41 20.21 unmodified. Scopulae legs I–IV: tarsus, weak to moderate;

3 4.83 2.72 3.01 3.11 2.62 16.29 distal metatarsus, all weak. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II:

4 6.30 3.70 4.82 4.32 3.05 22.19 superior 9, 8; inferior 0, 2. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 9,

8; metatarsus 9, 9; tibia p5 r5, p6 r5. — Leg spination. Leg

Tibia I width 1.40. Metatarsus I proximal width 0.88. Coxal I: femur d4, patella 1, tibia 30, metatarsus 41, tarsus 32. Leg

setae unmodified. Tibia I, II with no to few spines. Tarsal II: femur d4, patella 2, tibia 12, metatarsus 32, tarsus 32.

claw teeth legs I, II: superior 7, 8; inferior 0, 0. Trichobothria Leg III: femur d2 (plus strong bristles), patella p9, tibia 15

legs I, II: tarsus 10, 9; metatarsus 10, 9; tibia p6 r6, p6 r5. (p1 r4), metatarsus 24, tarsus 31. Leg IV: femur 0 (strong

— Leg spination. Leg I: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 0, metatarsus bristles present), patella 0, tibia 12 (r3), metatarsus 21, tarsus

6, tarsus 12. Leg II: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 0, metatarsus 32. — Abdomen. Posterior lateral spinnerets with short apical

7, tarsus 16. Leg III: femur 0, patella pd13, tibia 5(p2 r1), segment. Lengths: total 2.01; basal segment 0.94; middle

metatarsus 17(pd4 rd2) tarsus 19. Leg IV: femur 0, patella 0.40; apical 0.67. Apical segment width 0.31.

0, tibia 0, metatarsus 12, tarsus 24. — Abdomen. Sparse cover of weak hairs and bristles. Posterior lateral spinnerets Female ( MV K11082 View Materials ), Hoddles Creek , Victoria, 37°50'S with short apical segment. Length: total 3.16; basal segment 145°36'E, S. Johnson, 18 October 1981). — Size. Carapace 1.50, middle 0.67, apical 0.99. Apical segment width 0.56. length 7.48, width 7.11. Abdomen length 10.74, width 7.21. — Genitalia. Spermathecae digitiform, short, apical third — Colour. Basic colour pattern. Anterodorsal abdominal separated from basal two thirds by a slight constriction. sigilla prominent. — Carapace. Slightly longer than wide, Length 0.85, width. 0.41 GoogleMaps   .

strongly raised. Height 3.60. Frontal width 6.02. Cephalic length 5.57. Fovea strongly procurved. Mid-dorsal cephalic Distribution. Melbourne/Dandenong Range region to setae few, reach only two-thirds way to fovea. Anterior eastern Gippsland, Victoria (Fig. 56).

strial setae absent. Anterolateral carapace angle with a few hairs, no bristles. — Eyes. Central eye region weakly Hadronyche meridiana Hogg  

raised. Eye group width 1.97. Diameters: AME 0.25, ALE

0.43, PLE 0.27, PME 0.18. Interdistances: AME–AME Figures 60–63; Tables 18, 34

0.37, AME–ALE 0.26, ALE–PLE 0.28, PLE–PME 0.30,

PME–PME 0.84. Median ocular quadrangle length 0.71, Hadronyche meridiana Hogg, 1902: 122   . Original descripanterior width 0.81, posterior width 1.24. — Chelicerae. tion by Hogg (1901, 274) as mis-identified male of H.

Paturon with sparse anterodorsal bristle cover. Cheliceral cerberea   .

groove moderately wide, margins diverging distally. Groove

Types. Holotype male: BMNH 1903.2.10.6 ( NHM). Mt. Macedon, Victoria, length 2.65, middle width 0.68. Cheliceral teeth: 18 central, 37°23'S 144°35'E, H. R. Hogg. GoogleMaps  

in single row occupying full length of groove, occasionally row shorter; 11 prolateral; 9 retrolateral. — Labium. Wider Other material examined. New South Wales (males): AMS KS4503, than long, apically shallowly indented. Length 1.43, width Adelong, 22 July 1980   , M. Pearce; AMS KS917, Kunama, 10 January 1971   ;

AMS KS916, “Loch Haven”, Wantagong, 20 June 971   , R. Flynn   ; AMS 2.01. Cuspules grouped on anterior half. Labiosternal sigilla   KS915, Wantagong, 1 April 1971   , R. Hunter   ; AMS KS913, Wondalga, 23 slightly narrowed toward midline. — Sternum. Broad , ovoid. September 1948   , C.H. Jagoe. New South Wales (females)   : AMS KS4973, Adelong, 10 January 1980   , M. Pearce; AMS KS6053, Rosewood, 20 varies from basal area only to full length of groove. — October 1980   , D.M.Fordham. Victoria (males)   : AMS KS8488, Baranduda, Labium. Wider than long, surface flattened. Length 1.20, 13 October 1978   , A. McDonald; AMS KS10771, Lake Bolac , June 1982   ,

H. Parnaby; Avenel , 6 September 1963 ( MV)   ; Benalla, 20 October 1968 width 1.58. Labiosternal sigilla narrowed centrally. Cuspules ( MV); Euroa , 19 June 1965 ( MV)   ; Pranjip, Longwood area , 4 July 1965   c. 134, number low to moderate. — Sternum. Ovoid. Length ( MV); AMS KS8484, Trawool, near Seymour , 15 August 1980   , P May 4.20, width 3.24. Posterior sigilla ovoid. — Palp. Tegular area Williams; Violet Town , 5 February 1980   , A. Kube ( MV); AMS KS8485, slightly wider than long. Embolus of moderate length, rather Willowmavin,near Kilmore , 29 April 1974   . Victoria (females): Rutherglen broad, weakly curved and tapered, with distal part twisted. Research Institute; AMS KS13651–3, Shepparton , 15 January 1984   , M.

Gardener; Violet Town, 5 February 1980, A. Kube (MV); AMS KS3399, Embolus base weakly to moderately offset from tegulum. Hall’s Gap, 26 March 1974, M. Gray. Bulb length 2.51, width 0.95. Embolus length 1.67, midwidth 0.30. Length of femur 3.24, patella 1.27, tibia 3.30. Width

Diagnosis. CL 5.44–7.04. Small atracine spiders with weak of tibia 1.48. Spination: femur 5, patella 1, tibia 3. Sinuous apophyseal swellings on leg II (Figs. 60F, 62H–J). Differs bristles and spines present on distal femur. — Legs. 4123. from H. modesta   and H. jensenae   by having embolus apically Legs I, 2 subequal.

twisted ( Fig. 62B,C View Figure 62 ). Differs from other Hadronyche spp.  

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total

with leg II apophyses/swellings by having a relatively short

1 6.15 2.87 4.59 4.48 2.99 21.08

labium (LL/LW 0.78) (Fig. 60D).

2 5.82 2.81 4.84 4.43 3.05 20.95

3 5.01 2.40 3.52 4.16 3.09 18.18

Male (AMS KS8490), Avenel , Victoria, 36°54'S 144°12'E, 4 6.03 2.68 4.89 5.09 3.35 22.04 May 1981). — Size. Carapace length 6.92, width 6.64 GoogleMaps   .

Abdomen length 7.17, width 5.23. — Colour. Basic colour

Tibia I width 1.07. Femora I and II with dorsal spines; bristle-

pattern. — Carapace. Slightly longer than wide, cephalic area

like spines on femora II, IV. Metatarsus I slightly thickened

moderately raised. Height 3.12. Frontal width 5.45. Fovea

near middle, large ventral spines grouped here. Metatarsus

straight to slightly procurved. Mid-dorsal cephalic setae do

II sinuous with spined midventral apophysis. Tibia II with

not reach fovea. Anterior strial setae present. Anterolateral

weak, spined apophyseal swelling mid ventrally, ventral

angle of carapace with weak bristles. — Eyes. Central eye

spines grouped with 2–4 central spines enlarged. Tibia II

region slightly raised. Eye group width 1.86. Median ocular

weakly excavated distally. Anterior coxal hairs normal.

quadrangle length 0.75, anterior width 0.96, posterior

Tarsal scopulae: leg I weak; legs II–IV moderate to strong.

width 1.24. Diameters: AME 0.32, ALE 0.46, PLE 0.43,

Distal metatarsal scopulae: legs I, II weak to absent, legs III,

PME 0.20. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral groove rather narrow,

IV moderate to strong. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior

margins subparallel. Groove length 2.35, middle width 0.38.

12, 11; inferior 2, 2. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 9, 9;

Cheliceral teeth: 7 central (6 in basal half, 1 in distal half);

metatarsus 11, 8; tibia p5 r5, p6 r5. — Leg spination. Leg I:

12 prolateral; 12 retrolateral. Central tooth row distribution

femur d5, patella v1, tibia 26, metatarsus 33, tarsus 13. Leg

II: femur d4, patella p1, tibia 9, metatarsus 20, tarsus 13. Leg

III: femur d4 (bristle like), patella p7, metatarsus 17, tarsus

20. Leg IV: femur d5 (bristle like), patella 0, tibia 2 (d1),

metatarsus 10, tarsus 19. — Abdomen. Sparsely covered with weak bristles and hairs with a pair of larger bristles above pedicel. Posterior lateral spinnerets with a rather short apical segment. Lengths: total 2.84; basal segment 1.24; middle

0.74; apical 0.86. Apical segment width 0.46.

Female ( K11083 View Materials MV), Strathbogie Range , Victoria, 36°56'S apical segment short. Lengths. total 3.07; basal segment 145°38'E, 7 March 1982) — Size. Carapace length 7.83, 1.43; middle 0.69; apical 0.95. Apical segment width 0.56. width 7.07. Abdomen length 11.02, width 7.48. — Colour. — Genitalia. Spermathecae very short and broad. Apical Basic colour pattern. Abdominal chevrons distinct, well area narrower than expanded central region. Spermatheca separated. — Carapace. Slightly longer than wide, strongly length 0.82, width 0.68 GoogleMaps   .

raised. Height 4.01; frontal width 6.60. Cephalic length

5.60. Fovea wide, procurved anterior margin indented. Mid- Distribution. Western side of Great Dividing Range in dorsal cephalic setae do not reach fovea.Anterior strial setae Southern New South Wales and northern Victoria (Fig. 63). absent basally. Anterolateral carapace angle with a few weak This species is provisionally recorded from the Grampian bristles. — Eyes. Central eye region raised. Eye group width Ranges on the basis of a single female from the Hall’s Gap 2.11. Diameters: AME 0.27, ALE 0.41, PLE 0.34, PME area—male records are needed to confirm this.

0.23. Interdistances: AME–AME 0.36, AME–ALE 0.25,

ALE–PLE 0.21, PLE–PME 0.17, PME–PME 0.96. Median Comments. In some males a few mid row or distal teeth ocular quadrangle length 0.70, anterior width 0.89, posterior may be missing, making keying such individuals difficult. width 1.43. — Chelicerae. Cheliceral groove margins diverge weakly distally. Groove length 2.65, middle width 0.54. Hadronyche jensenae   n.sp.

Cheliceral teeth: 26 central, in single row occupying full length of groove; 13 prolateral; 11 retrolateral. Central tooth Figures 63–65; Table 19

row length variable. — Labium. Wider than long, anterior margin slightly concave, sides rounded. Length 1.55, width Etymology. The species is named for my wife, Greta Jensen 2.11. Cuspules occupying anterior two-thirds of labium. Gray.

Labiosternal sigilla narrowed at midline. — Sternum. Ovoid.

Length 5.10, width 4.01. Posterior sternal sigilla elongate, Types. Holotype male: K11085 View Materials ( MV), Woodside , Victoria, 38°32'S   removed from margins: length 0.99, width 0.34. — Palp. 146°53'E, 15 August 1966. Paratypes. Victoria. Males: K11086 View Materials ( MV), Spination: tibia 0–1 (strong bristles present), tarsus 8. Woodside   , data as for holotype; K11087 View Materials ( MV), Morwell , 38°14'S 146°24'E., 28 August 1967 GoogleMaps   .

Trichobothria: tibia p6 r6, tarsus 8. Tarsal claw with 4 teeth.

— Legs. 4123. Legs I, IV subequal.

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total

1 5.92 2.82 4.59 3.60 2.37 19.30

2 5.10 2.62 3.94 3.47 2.38 17.51

3 4.60 2.55 2.84 3.12 2.52 15.91

4 5.71 2.96 4.08 4.09 2.92 19.76

Tibia I width 1.29. Metatarsus I proximal width 0.95. Coxae

I, II with a few basally thickened setae frontally. Tibia I, II with few to no spines. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: superior

7, 7; inferior 3, 3. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus 9, 10;

metatarsus 14, 12; tibia p6 r6, p6 r5. — Leg spination. Leg

I; femur 0, patella 0, tibia 0, metatarsus 5, tarsus 4. Leg II:

femur 0, patella 0, tibia 0, metatarsus 7, tarsus 5. Leg III:

femur 0, patella p7, tibia 9 (p5 r2), metatarsus 15 (p5 rd2),

tarsus 12. Leg IV: femur 0, patella 0, tibia 0, metatarsus 10, Figure 63. Collection records for Hadronyche meridiana   (squares) tarsus 14. — Abdomen. Posterior lateral spinnerets stout, and H. jensenae   (circles).

Other material. AMS KS 112636 View Materials , Vic. Dept. Agric., Bairnsdale (locality pattern; abdomen partly discoloured or damaged in all unknown), 20 June 1978. specimens. — Carapace. About as wide as long, cephalic area moderately raised. Height 2.65; frontal width 4.21. Fovea  

Diagnosis. CL 4.72–6.60 (male). Small atracine spiders. procurved. Mid-dorsal cephalic setae few, do not reach fovea.

Differ from other atracine species by having a short, broad Anterior strial setae absent.Anterolateral carapace angle with

embolus with distal part set at distinct angle to shaft (Fig. weak hairs only. — Eyes. Central eye region slightly raised.

65B,C). Eye group width 1.57. Median ocular quadrangle length 0.60, anterior width 0.74, posterior width 1.10. Diameters:

Male (holotype) — Size. Carapace length 5.74, width 5.70. AME 0.20; ALE 0.35; PLE 0.29; PME 0.23. — Chelicerae.

Abdomen length 6.5, width 4.7. — Colour. Basic colour Groove margins diverge weakly distally. Groove length 2.00, middle width 0.30. Cheliceral teeth. 15 central, occupying full length of groove; 9 prolateral; 12 retrolateral. — Labium. Much wider than long, rectangular, apically weakly indented. Length 0.92, width 1.25. Labiosternal sigilla broad. Cuspules c. 160, number moderate to low. — Sternum. Ovoid. Length 3.59, width 2.98. Posterior sternal sigilla ovoid to elongate; middle sigilla small. — Palp. Tegular area slightly wider than long. Embolus very short and broad, base strongly offset from tegulum. Distal part of embolus not twisted, but angled strongly at about 45° to shaft. Bulb length 2.23, width 1.01. Embolus length 1.31, midwidth 0.20. Tibia short, strongly incrassate proximally. Length of femur 2.71, patella 1.12, tibia 2.71. Width of tibia 2.01. Spination: femur 6; patella 1; tibia d2. Distal femur with spines, without sinuous bristles. — Legs. 4123.

Leg Femur Patella Tibia Metatarsus Tarsus Total 1 5.34 2.52 3.94 3.46 2.38 17.64 2 4.79 2.30 3.74 3.19 2.38 16.40 3 4.08 2.14 2.89 3.03 2.24 14.38 4 5.17 2.28 4.08 3.90 2.82 18.25

Tibia I width 0.94. Femora I, II with dorsal spines.

Metatarsus I slightly thickened in proximal half, spines strong, scattered. Tibia II without apophysis, ventral spines few, grouped proximally with c. two larger spines toward middle; distoventral tibia weakly concave. Metatarsus II weakly to moderately sinuous with small, apophysis midventrally. Tarsi III, IV slightly swollen. Anterior coxal hairs unmodified. Tarsal and distal metatarsal scopulae: legs I,

Figure 64. Hadronyche jensenae   , male: (A) cephalothorax and II weak; legs III, IV moderate. Tarsal claw teeth legs I, II: chelicerae, dorsal; (B) cephalothorax and chelicerae, lateral; (C) superior 11, 11; inferior 0, 0. Trichobothria legs I, II: tarsus cheliceral groove teeth; (D) sternum, labium and maxilla; (E) leg 8, 7; metatarsus 6, 6; tibia p5 r5, p5 r5. — Leg spination. Leg II, prolateral; (F) spinnerets; (G) palp, prolateral. Scale lines 1 mm. I: femur d5, patella 0, tibia 18, metatarsus 19, tarsus 10. Leg

II: femur d4, patella 0, tibia 5, metatarsus 11, tarsus 9. Leg

III: femur d1, patella pd10, tibia 10 (r2), metatarsus 17 (p5

r2), tarsus 8. Leg IV: femur d1–2 (strong bristles present),

patella 0, tibia 3 (rd1), metatarsus 10, tarsus 11. — Abdomen.

Bristles stronger anteriorly with a prominent frontal pair.

Posterior lateral spinnerets with rather short apical segment.

Lengths: total 1.90; basal segment 0.84; middle 0.42; apical

0.64. Apical segment width 0.34.

Distribution. Central Gippsland, Victoria (Fig. 63).

AM

Australian Museum

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MV

University of Montana Museum

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

NHM

University of Nottingham

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Atracidae

Genus

Hadronyche