Orthocephalus bivittatus Fieber

Namyatova, Anna A. & Konstantinov, Fedor V., 2009, Revision of the genus Orthocephalus Fieber, 1858 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Orthotylinae) 2316, Zootaxa 2316, pp. 1-118: 19-26

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/173C87A6-9C10-FFB4-FF0E-FF38FD26BA88

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Orthocephalus bivittatus Fieber
status

 

Orthocephalus bivittatus Fieber  

Figures 1, 7, 10, 14, 18, 20 B, 21 A, G, 22 A-C, E, 23 A, 24 A, E, F

Orthocephalus bivittatus Fieber, 1864: 221–222   .

Orthocephalus bilineatus Jakovlev, 1875   169 (syn. by Kiritshenko, 1951: 184).

Orthocephalus niger Reuter, 1879   A: 63, NEW SYNONYMY.

DIAGNOSIS: Distinguished by the aedeagus with both spicules shorter than dorsal wall of theca, long spicule straight, distinctly longer than other, short spicule somewhat curved (fig. 7) and the structure of dorsal labiate plate with a pair of medial sclerites two to three times as long as sclerotized ring (fig. 14). Pale males recognized by the yellowish stripe along claval suture, yellow antennal segment I, and tibiae often paler than femora. Darker specimens with dark brown antennal segment I and tibiae can be confused with O. turkmenicus   in coloration, but that species differing from O. bivittatus   in having spicules almost equal in length (fig. 7). Females hardly recognized by coloration, often having uniformly dark brown to black hemelytra and variable coloration of legs. Pale females most similar to O. fulvipes   , O. saltator   , and O. sefrensis   but these species can be distinguished in having medial sclerites equal to or slightly longer than sclerotized ring (figs. 15-17). Dark females apparently not separable from O. turkmenicus   .

REDESCRIPTION: Male: Macropterous; length 4.6–5.5. COLORATION (fig. 1): Variable, from dark brown with pale areas on dorsum, antennae, and legs to almost uniformly dark. Head: Dark brown; vertex with yellowish or pale brown spot near inner margin of eye, sometimes barely visible; posterior margin of eye with yellowish or pale brown stripe; maxillary plate often with pale brown or yellowish stripe below antennal fossa; antennal segment I often yellowish with darker base, antennal segment II sometimes yellowish at base, in darkest specimens maxillary plate and antenna uniformly dark brown to black; labium dark brown. Thorax: Pronotum and pleurites dark brown; evaporatorium yellowish or pale brown, always paler than pleurites; scutellum dark brown; coxa dark brown; femur often dark brown to black, sometimes with pale apex, rarely femur pale with darker minute rounded spots; tibia often yellowish or pale brown, sometimes with darker apex and base, sometimes with small indistinct infuscation at base of spines, rarely tibia dark brown; tarsus dark brown to black; hemelytra with dirty yellow longitudinal stripe on outer part of clavus and inner half of corium, rarely very thin or indistinct; sometimes outer margin of corium with dirty yellow edging; apical part of membrane brown to dark brown, basal part paler, typically with several indistinctly bordered rounded dark spots, rarely membrane uniformly brown. Abdomen: Uniformly dark brown. SURFACE AND VESTITURE: Head and hemelytra smooth, pronotum and scutellum somewhat rugose. Dorsum, pleurites, and abdomen clothed with scalelike setae (as in figs. 22 A-C, E, 23 A, D); simple setae contrastingly long but often shorter than diameter of eye, bristlelike, dark and erect, distributed on head, antennal segments II-IV, pronotum, especially on lateral margins and anterior part, forecoxa, margins of femora, bases of hemelytra and abdomen, distinctly shorter on apical part of corium and cuneus; legs and antennal segment I with short, fine simple setae; antennal segment I with two black spines. STRUCTURE AND MEASUREMENTS: Body 3.4–3.9× as long as width of pronotum. Head: Relatively narrow, tapering, 1.2–1.3× as wide as high; frons convex; mandibular plate long and narrow; depression along hind margin of vertex weak, sometimes indistinct; eye located at a small distance from anterior pronotal margin, almost not protruding (figs. 20 B, 21 A, G); vertex 2.1–2.4× as wide as eye; antennal fossa located at a short distance from inferior margin of eye (fig. 20 B); antennal segment I as long as or somewhat longer than diameter of eye; antennal segment II thin, almost not incrassate, 0.9–1.1× as long as basal width of pronotum, 1.1–1.4× as long as width of head, labium reaching middle coxa. Thorax: Pronotum 2.0–2.4× as wide as long and 1.1–1.3× as wide as head, with posterior margin straight or slightly concave, lateral margins not carinate, calli slightly raised; hind femur relatively narrow, approximately 1.5× as wide as middle femur. GENITALIA: Aedeagus (fig. 7) with two gradually tapering spicules, both shorter than dorsal wall of theca, long spicule straight, almost twice as long as short one, directed to mouth of theca, short spicule smoothly curved, claw-shaped, directed to secondary gonopore; parameres as in fig. 10.

Female: Brachypterous, rarely macropterous, always more robust than male; length 3.5–4.5, COLOR- ATION: As in male but hemelytra often uniformly dark brown to black, sometimes with yellowish line along basal half of cuneal fracture or with dirty yellow spots at base of cuneus; yellowish markings on hemelytra better expressed in macropterous females. SURFACE AND VESTITURE: As in male. STRUCTURE AND MEASUREMENTS: Body 2.5–3.5× as long as width of pronotum. Head: 1.2–1.3× as wide as high; vertex 2.5–3.0× as wide as eye; antennal segment II 0.7–1.2× as long as basal width of pronotum, 0.8–1.1× as long as width of head. Thorax: Pronotum 1.7–2.4× as wide as long and 0.9–1.3× as wide as head, with distinctly concave posterior margin; hemelytra ranging in length from reaching anterior part of abdominal tergum VII to almost covering entire abdomen, typically covering anterior half of abdominal tergum IX; clavus distinct, claval commissure as long as inner margin of clavus, cuneus in brachypterous specimens slightly delimited; posterior and lateral margins of hemelytra rounded or posterior margin sometimes truncate. GENITALIA: Sclerotized ring small, oval, medial sclerites almost straight, basally and apically tapering, large, at least twice as long as sclerotized rings (fig. 14); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix with uniformly sclerotized trapeziform sclerite, incision on the anterior margin narrow and not reaching middle of sclerite, anterior angles of this sclerite somewhat dentate, posterior margin without sclerites (fig. 18); sclerites encircling vulva curved and forming circle (as in fig. 19, O. vittipennis   ).

DISTRIBUTION: This species is distributed in a large territory from Western Europe in the west, to Novosibirsk Province and Altay Republic of Russia in the east, in Poland, Germany, Voronez, Kursk, Bashkortostan, Omsk, and Novosibirsk Provinces of Russia in the north, and south to Iraq ( Linnavuori, 1992), Iran ( Linnavuori and Modarres, 1999), Caucasus, and Central Asia.

HOSTS: Linnavuori and Modarres (1999) reported the species from Poaceae   . Specimens from the collection of ZISP were sampled from Achillea sp.   ( Asteraceae   ) and Centaurea cyanus   L. ( Asteraceae   ) by Akramovskaya, Artemisia marschalliana Spreng.   ( Asteraceae   ) and Artemisia lerchiana Webb.   ( Asteraceae   ) by Kerzhner, and from Euphorbia splendens Boj.   ex. Hook ( Euphorbiaceae   ) by L. V. Arnoldi.

DISCUSSION: This species shows great variability in appearance. In addition to patterns of coloration noted in the diagnosis, extremes of variation include uniformly dark brown males and females having yellowish femora with darkened minute spots. Externally these specimens are not separable from females of O. vittipennis   but can be most readily distinguished by the structure of the male and female genitalia.

The original description of O. niger Reuter, 1879   did not contain a comparison with O. bivittatus   , or distinguishing characters for these species. Orthocephalus niger   was not noticed in any relevant keys or taxonomic papers published since the original description. We have not seen the syntypes of O. bivittatus   , as it appears that they have been lost. However, our observations show that the lectotype and all available material of O. niger   can not be separated from O. bivittatus   both in appearance and genitalic structures. Therefore, O. niger   is treated here as a junior synonym of O. bivittatus   .

SPECIMENS EXAMINED: Lectotype of Orthocephalus bilineatus   : RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Volgograd Prov.: Krasnoarmeysk [former Sarepta], 48.5 ° N 44.48333 ° E, V. Jakovlev coll., 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00260621) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   . Lectotype of Orthocephalus niger   : TAJIKISTAN: Varziminor , 39.4 ° N 68.54 ° E, Fedchenko coll., 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00312229) ( ZMUM) GoogleMaps   .

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL: ARMENIA: Arzakan , 40.43333 ° N 44.6 ° E, 28 Jun 1957, Akramovskaya, Achillea sp.   ( Asteraceae   ), 2♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259264, AMNH_PBI 00259265), 4♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259261 through AMNH_PBI 00259263) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   . Bartsruni [Sultanbek], Daralagez, 39.5 ° N 45.48333 ° E, 19 Jun 1937, Ryabov, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00260703) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   ; 20 Jun 1937, Ryabov , 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00260706) ( ZISP)   ; 23 Jun 1937, Ryabov , 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00225808), 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00260704, AMNH_PBI 00260705), 1 juvenille ( AMNH _ PBI 00260707) ( ZISP)   . Bzhni , 40.45 ° N 44.63333 ° E, 27 Jun 1957, Akramovskaya, 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259256, AMNH_PBI 00259257) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   . Nr Sisian , 39.5 ° N 46 ° E, 21 Jun 1957, Akromovskaya, Centaurea cyanus   ( Asteraceae   ), 4♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259258 through AMNH_PBI 00259260), 2♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00260693, AMNH_PBI 00260694) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   ; 25 Jun 1957, Akramovskaya , 1♀ ( AMNH _PBI  

00222649) (ZISP). Tkhit [Dgit], Ashtarakskiy Dist., 40.41666 ° N 44.56666 ° E, 28 Jun 1957, Akramovskaya, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259266, AMNH_PBI 00259267) (ZISP). AZERBAIJAN: Fuzuli [Karjagino], Elizavetpol. Distr., 39.58333 ° N 47.13333 ° E, 1912, Arzimowicz, 9♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260391 through AMNH_PBI 00260399) (ZISP); May 1912, Arzimowicz, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260400 through AMNH_PBI 00260403, AMNH_PBI 00260412 through AMNH_PBI 00260413) (ZISP). Margushevan on Terter River, 40.33 ° N 46.85 ° E, 18 Jun 1933 - 19 Jun 1933, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260686) (ZISP); 21 May 1934, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260691), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00253845, AMNH_PBI 00260668, AMNH_PBI 00260687) (ZISP); 25 Jun 1934, A.K. Lukyanovich, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260688, AMNH_PBI 00260689) (ZISP). GEORGIA: Tbilisi [former Tiflis], 41.71666 ° N 44.76666 ° E, V. Jakovlev coll., 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260055), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00239619) (ZISP). IRAN: Tehran: Azad Bar 70 km W Karaj, 35.81 ° N 50.24 ° E, 2410 m, 08 Jul 1995 - 10 Jul 1995, R. Linnavuori, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00268087, AMNH_PBI 00268088), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00268089, AMNH_PBI 00268090) (LCRT). KAZAKHSTAN: Akmola Prov.: 10 km SW of Balkash Lake, 44.95 ° N 73.98333 ° E, 14 Jul 1960, Gerasenkova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259954) (ZISP); 15 Jul 1960, L.V. Arnoldi, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260417) (ZISP). Astana [Akmolinsk], 51.18333 ° N 71.43333 ° E, 18 Jun 1932, V. Popov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259955) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1932, V. Popov, 9♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259945 through AMNH_PBI 00259953) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1932, V. Popov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260656) (ZISP). Atbasar, 51.8 ° N 68.35 ° E, 09 Jun 1935, Rezvoy, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00152395, AMNH_PBI 00259395 through AMNH_PBI 00259397), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259509 through AMNH_PBI 00259512) (ZISP); 10 Jun 1935, Rezvoy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259398), 19♀ (AMNH_PBI 00152125, AMNH_PBI 00259513 through AMNH_PBI 00259530) (ZISP); 19 Jun 1935, Rezvoy, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259531 through AMNH_PBI 00259534) (ZISP); 28 Jun 1936, Rezvoy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259399) (ZISP); 30 Jun 1936, Rezvoy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259400, AMNH_PBI 00259535) (ZISP); 04 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 8 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259666, AMNH_PBI 00259667) (ZISP); 06 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259605, AMNH_PBI 00259606), 20 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259668 through AMNH_PBI 00259674) (ZISP); 09 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259608), 6 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259676, AMNH_PBI 00259677) (ZISP); 12 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259459, AMNH_PBI 00259460), 2 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259678, AMNH_PBI 00259679) (ZISP); 14 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259454 through AMNH_PBI 00259457), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259600 through AMNH_PBI 00259604), 1 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259458) (ZISP); 15 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 21♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259401 through AMNH_PBI 00259420, AMNH_PBI 00259422), 27♀ (AMNH_PBI 00239609, AMNH_PBI 00259536 through AMNH_PBI 00259560, AMNH_PBI 00259928), 3 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259423 through AMNH_PBI 00259425) (ZISP); 17 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259611, AMNH_PBI 00259612) (ZISP); 18 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259462), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259613, AMNH_PBI 00259614) (ZISP); 21 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 7♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259447 through AMNH_PBI 00259453), 10♀ (AMNH_PBI 00222648, AMNH_PBI 00259591 through AMNH_PBI 00259599) (ZISP); 23 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00267640) (ZISP); 24 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 12♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259435 through AMNH_PBI 00259446), 19♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259573 through AMNH_PBI 00259590, AMNH_PBI 00260655) (ZISP); 28 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259659 through AMNH_PBI 00259663), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259615 through AMNH_PBI 00259619) (ZISP); 29 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 6♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259620 through AMNH_PBI 00259625) (ZISP); 30 Jun 1937, Rezvoy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259664, AMNH_PBI 00259665), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259626 through AMNH_PBI 00259630) (ZISP); 02 Jul 1937, Rezvoy, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259430 through AMNH_PBI 00259434, AMNH_PBI 00260435), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259569 through AMNH_PBI 00259571), 1 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00259572) (ZISP); 03 Jul 1937, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259568) (ZISP); 09 Jul 1937, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259607) (ZISP); 03 Jun 1938, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259566) (ZISP); 12 Jun 1938, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259609) (ZISP); 13 Jun 1938, Rezvoy, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259426 through AMNH_PBI 00259429), 7♀ (AMNH_PBI 00228110, AMNH_PBI 00238228, AMNH_PBI 00259561 through AMNH_PBI 00259565) (ZISP); 16 Jun 1938, Rezvoy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259461, AMNH_PBI 00267639), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259610) (ZISP). Between Preobrazhenka [Preobrazhenskoye] and Samarka, 52.08333 ° N 68.63333 ° E, 17 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260236, AMNH_PBI 00260666) (ZISP). Popovka, Ishim River, 22 km E Atbasar, 51.71666 ° N 68.65 ° E, 06 Jun 1936, Rezvoy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00258798) (ZISP). Tengiz lake, 10 km S Kulanutpes mouth, 50.11666 ° N 70.55 ° E, 09 Jun 1962, I. M. Kerzhner, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260530) (ZISP). Valley nr Kokshetau Mt., 50.06 ° N 67.5 ° E, 02 Jun 1957, L.V. Arnoldi, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259970) (ZISP). Aktobe Prov.: 25 km W Yrghyz, 48.45 ° N 60.91666 ° E, 21 Jun 1947, Formozov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259833) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1947, Formozov, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259842, AMNH_PBI 00259843), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259834, AMNH_PBI 00259835) (ZISP); 26 Jun 1947, Formozov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00156260), 9♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259836 through AMNH_PBI 00259844) (ZISP). Aktam, NO of Malye Barsuki, 47.97222 ° N 64.71944 ° E, 03 Jun 1931, Luppova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260595) (ZISP). Koylibay Sands, N of Malye Barsuki, 47.56666 ° N 60.36666 ° E, 13 Jun 1931, Luppova, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260592 through AMNH_PBI 00260594) (ZISP); 06 Jul 1931, Luppova, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260418) (ZISP). Oyyl [Uil], 49.06666 ° N 54.66666 ° E, 19 Jun 1932 - 20 Jun 1932, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260669) (ZISP); 23 Jun 1932, A.K. Lukyanovich, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259930, AMNH_PBI 00259931) (ZISP). Yrghyz, 48.6 ° N 61.25 ° E, 26 Jun 1947, Formozov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260068) (ZISP). Almaty Prov.: 10 km S Taldyqorghan, 44.91666 ° N 78.36666 ° E, 21 May 1937, A.K. Lukyanovich, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259962 through AMNH_PBI 00259966), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259956, AMNH_PBI 00259957) (ZISP). A-la-t'ao Shan [Sary-gura] Mts, Dzhungarskiy Alatau, 45 ° N 80 ° E, 24 Jun 1926, Dobrzhanskiy and Kerkis, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260652) (ZISP). Abakumov Mts. NE Kapal [Kopal], 45.11666 ° N 79.03333 ° E, 28 May 1910, Shnitnikov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259801) (ZISP). Almaty, 43.26666 ° N 76.91666 ° E, 24 May 1937, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00254027) (ZISP). Almaty [Verniy], Malaya Almatinka River, 43.26666 ° N 76.91666 ° E, 02 Jul 1928, Shnitnikov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260700) (ZISP). Baskan, 45.81666 ° N 79.66666 ° E, 26 May 1910, Shnitnikov, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260624 through AMNH_PBI 00260626) (ZISP). Between Kurady and Targan, Semirech'e, 43.33333 ° N 75.33333 ° E, 10 May 1926 - 11 May 1926, Dobrzhanskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00257500) (ZISP). Gasforta Pass, NE Kopal, Semirech'e, 45.33 ° N 79.5 ° E, 23 May 1910, Shnitnikov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00222647), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260627) (ZISP). Iliyskiy on Ili River, 43.52194 ° N 76.82972 ° E, 17 May 1937 - 18 May 1937, A.K. Lukyanovich, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259959 through AMNH_PBI 00259961) (ZISP). Karatal River, Kapal [Kopal], Semirech'e, 45.11666 ° N 79.03333 ° E, 23 May 1930, Kirshenblat, 13♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259932 through AMNH_PBI 00259944) (ZISP). Kerbulak, Kopal, 43.91666 ° N 77.6 ° E, 01 Jun 1926, Dobrzhanskiy and Kerkis, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00257499) (ZISP). Taldyqorghan [Taldykurgan], 45 ° N 78.36666 ° E, 23 May 1937, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259968), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259958) (ZISP). East Kazakhstan Prov.: Artentau Mts W Kokpekty, Zaysan, 48.75 ° N 82.36666 ° E, 13 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 16♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260565 through AMNH_PBI 00260579, AMNH_PBI 00260667) (ZISP). Buran, Mouth of Kaldzhir, 48.01666 ° N 85.2 ° E, 26 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259920), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260562 through AMNH_PBI 00260564) (ZISP). Burkhatka Picket, Zaysan, 47.45 ° N 84.86666 ° E, 22 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259921) (ZISP). Zaysan, Kokpekty, 48.75 ° N 82.38333 ° E, 06 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259888) (ZISP); 07 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259889), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260195) (ZISP); 09 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259890), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260196) (ZISP); 10 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259891 through AMNH_PBI 00259896), 10♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260197 through AMNH_PBI 00260206) (ZISP); 11 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 8♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259897 through AMNH_PBI 00259904), 13♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260207 through AMNH_PBI 00260219) (ZISP); 13 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 11♂ (AMNH_PBI 00238231, AMNH_PBI 00259905 through AMNH_PBI 00259914), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260220 through AMNH_PBI 00260223) (ZISP); 14 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259915 through AMNH_PBI 00259918), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260225 through AMNH_PBI 00260227) (ZISP); 15 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260228 through AMNH_PBI 00260230) (ZISP); 16 Jun 1930, A.K. Lukyanovich, 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260231 through AMNH_PBI 00260235) (ZISP). Karaganda Prov.: 10 km O Zhana-Arka, 48.68333 ° N 71.78333 ° E, 16 Jun 1958, V.I. Tobias, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260532) (ZISP). 20 km N Dzhezkazgan, 47.95 ° N 67.7 ° E, 01 Jun 1962, L.V. Arnoldi, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260389) (ZISP). 30 km NW of Dzhezkazgan, 47.9 ° N 68.05 ° E, 541 m, 04 Jun 1962, I. M. Kerzhner, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00312086, AMNH_PBI 00313002) Artemisia sp.   ( Asteraceae   ), 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00313481) (ZISP). 40 km S of Atasu [Zhana-Arka], 48.31666 ° N 71.66666 ° E, 17 Jun 1960, I. M. Kerzhner, Artemisia marschalliana   ( Asteraceae   ), 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260189, AMNH_PBI 00260190), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260177 through AMNH_PBI 00260181) (ZISP); 25 Jun 1960, I. M. Kerzhner, Artemisia lercheana   ( Asteraceae   ), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260182 through AMNH_PBI 00260186) (ZISP). Valley of Taldy-Manaky Stream nr Koksengir Mt., 49.18333 ° N 71.75 ° E, 12 Jun 1960, I. M. Kerzhner, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00145124, AMNH_PBI 00259421, AMNH_PBI 00260806, AMNH_PBI 00313146, AMNH_PBI 00315259), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00238244, AMNH_PBI 00311255, AMNH_PBI 00314055, AMNH_PBI 00314286, AMNH_PBI 00314877) (ZISP). Kokchetav: Borovskii forestry, on Akmol river, 53.2 ° N 75.6167 ° E, 24 Jun 1932, V. Popov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259969), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260690) (ZISP). Kostanay Prov.: 250 km S Kustanai, Ak-Suat Lake, 51.41 ° N 64.47 ° E, 01 Jun 1935, Formozov, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259802, AMNH_PBI 00259803) (ZISP); 03 Jun 1935, Formozov, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259822 through AMNH_PBI 00259824), 6♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259804 through AMNH_PBI 00259809) (ZISP); 11 Jun 1935, Formozov, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259825 through AMNH_PBI 00259828), 7♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259810 through AMNH_PBI 00259816) (ZISP); 12 Jun 1935, Formozov, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259817, AMNH_PBI 00259818) (ZISP); 16 Jun 1935, Formozov, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259829 through AMNH_PBI 00259831), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259819 through AMNH_PBI 00259821) (ZISP); 19 Jun 1936, Formozov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259832) (ZISP). Aksuat [Naurzumsk], 51.45 ° N 64.53333 ° E, 10 Jun 1946 - 13 Jun 1946, Voronov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259355) (ZISP). Chili-Sor Lake, 50.43333 ° N 62.6 ° E, 23 Jun 1928, N. Olenev and V. Popov, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260006 through AMNH_PBI 00260009) (ZISP). Nr Arqalyk, 50.23333 ° N 66.9 ° E, 16 Jun 1960, L.V. Arnoldi, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260414 through AMNH_PBI 00260416, AMNH_PBI 00267628), 14♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260573 through AMNH_PBI 00260578) (ZISP). Timofeyevka [TImofeevskoe] nr Qostanay, 52.31666 ° N 63.51666 ° E, 18 May 1923, Raevskiy, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260579 through AMNH_PBI 00260582) (ZISP). Kyzylorda Prov.: SE Yagisay, 30 km E Kentau, 43.52 ° N 68.89 ° E, 13 May 1994, F. Konstantinov, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00254377, AMNH_PBI 00313803, AMNH_PBI 00314455, AMNH_PBI 00314550), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00312502, AMNH_PBI 00313505, AMNH_PBI 00314139) (ZISP). Zhosaly [Dzhusaly], Akbulak gorge, N of Karatau, 45.4878 ° N 64.0781 ° E, 14 Jun 1912, Trizna, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260427), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00267627) (ZISP). North Kazakhstan Prov.: Kokshetau, nr Tersakkan River, W Akmolinsk, 53.26666 ° N 69.38333 ° E, 15 Jun 1958, Sokolova, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260420) (ZISP); 18 Jun 1958, V.P. Rudolf, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260422) (ZISP); 18 Jun 1958, Sokolova, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260419) (ZISP); 03 Jul 1958, V.P. Rudolf, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260596) (ZISP); 12 Jul 1958, V.P. Rudolf, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260421) (ZISP). South Kazakhstan Prov.: Karasay, Dzhagan-ata, Kara-tau, 43.46666 ° N 69.51666 ° E, 27 May 1936 - 29 May 1936, A.K. Lukyanovich, 7♂ (AMNH_PBI 00228915, AMNH_PBI 00234662, AMNH_PBI 00259232, AMNH_PBI 00259923 through AMNH_PBI 00259926), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00154306) (ZISP). West Kazakhstan Prov.: At the confluence of Karakengir and Zhezdy Streams, 47.46666 ° N 67.95 ° E, 24 May 1962, I. M. Kerzhner, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00311901, AMNH_PBI 00312816, AMNH_PBI 00312824, AMNH_PBI 00313147, AMNH_PBI 00314048, AMNH_PBI 00314288), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00313571) (ZISP). Dzhanybek, 49.41666 ° N 46.83333 ° E, 22 May 1951, Burnasheva, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260390) (ZISP). Embulatovka River nr Yanvartsevo, 51.43333 ° N 52.23333 ° E, 04 Jun 1949, L.V. Arnoldi, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260387) (ZISP); 11 Jun 1949, Arnoldi and Zhikovskaya, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260664) (ZISP). Inderskoe Lake, 48.524 ° N 51.885 ° E, 31 May 1932, A.K. Lukyanovich, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00154713, AMNH_PBI 00249660) (ZISP). Kotel, N of Shipovo, 51.117 ° N 50.267 ° E, 23 Jun 1949, L.V.

Arnoldi, 9♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260378 through AMNH_PBI 00260386), 15♀ (AMNH_PBI 00147108, AMNH_PBI 00260512 through AMNH_PBI 00260525) (ZISP); 23 Jun 1949, Steinberg, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260526 through AMNH_PBI 00260528) (ZISP). Nr Kirsanov, 51.43333 ° N 52.45 ° E, 13 Jun 1949, L.V. Arnoldi, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260388) (ZISP). Nr Serebryakovo, 51.03333 ° N 51.23333 ° E, 07 Jun 1951, L.V. Arnoldi, Euphorbia splendens   ( Euphorbiaceae   ), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260529) (ZISP). Yanvartsevo, right bank of Ural River, 51.43333 ° N 52.23333 ° E, 09 Jun 1949, Yarmola, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260531) (ZISP); 10 Jun 1949, V.P. Rudolf, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00239235) (ZISP); 15 Jun 1949, K.G. Romadina, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260089, AMNH_PBI 00260090) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1949, Yarmola, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259989) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1949, Yarmola, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00267633) (ZISP). Zhambul Prov.: Achi-Say, Teresakan river, Karatau Mts Ridge, 43.55417 ° N 68.88889 ° E, 31 May 1936, A.K. Lukyanovich, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00241261, AMNH_PBI 00259927, AMNH_PBI 00260001 through AMNH_PBI 00260002), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00225231) (ZISP); 01 Jun 1936, A.K. Lukyanovich, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00148378, AMNH_PBI 00259231, AMNH_PBI 00259922), 11♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259990 through AMNH_PBI 00260000) (ZISP). Between Kurday and Syugarty, Pishpek Uezd, Semirech'e, 43.3 ° N 74.86666 ° E, 07 Jun 1908, Kashkarov, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260590, AMNH_PBI 00260591) (ZISP). Muyunkum Sands, Kargaly-kol' Lake, 43.38333 ° N 70.7 ° E, 15 May 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260361 through AMNH_PBI 00260363), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260478 through AMNH_PBI 00260481) (ZISP); 18 May 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260482) (ZISP); 19 May 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260483, AMNH_PBI 00260484) (ZISP); 22 May 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260485 through AMNH_PBI 00260489) (ZISP); 24 May 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260364) (ZISP). KYRGYZSTAN: 15 km S Osh, Fergana Valley, 40.4 ° N 74.46666 ° E, 09 Jun 1958, Gorodkov, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259297, AMNH_PBI 00259298) (ZISP). Ala-Buka, 41.3833 ° N 71.5 ° E, 1155 m, 18 Aug 1928, V. Kuznetsov, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260695 through AMNH_PBI 00260698) (ZISP). Bishkek [Pishpek, Frunze], 42.85 ° N 74.56666 ° E, 07 Jun 1908, Kashkarov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260433) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1930, Shnitnikov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00254841) (ZISP). Dzhargalan [Dzhergalan] river, 42.6 ° N 78.55 ° E, 07 Jun 1942, Lyubishchev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260662) (ZISP). Ichkele-Tau Mts. Range, 42.58333 ° N 79.6 ° E, 12 Jun 1931, Vel'tischev, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260059 through AMNH_PBI 00260061) (ZISP). Karakol [Przheval'sk], 42.48333 ° N 78.38333 ° E, 18 Jul 1904 - 19 Jul 1904, Abramov & Begak, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00267637) (ZISP); 21 Jul 1904, Abramov & Begak, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260636, AMNH_PBI 00267635 through AMNH_PBI 00267636) (ZISP); 1910, Pedashenko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260637, AMNH_PBI 00260638) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1942, Lyubishchev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260436) (ZISP). Koysary nr Karakol [former Przhevalsk], 42.53333 ° N 78.15 ° E, 09 Jul 1943 - 10 Jul 1943, Lubischev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260660) (ZISP). Kukumeren, Bishkek Distr., 02 Aug 1904, Abramov & Begak, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260431), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260635) (ZISP). Kyrgyz [Aleksandr] Mts. Range, Alamedyn River, 42.85 ° N 74.56666 ° E, 2624 m, 08 Jul 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260597) (ZISP). Kyrgyz [Aleksandr] Mts. Range, Chay-Sandyk Pass, 42.8 ° N 74 ° E, 2880 m, 27 Jun 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260601) (ZISP). Kyrgyz [Aleksandr] Mts. Range, Tura-Kain, 42.51666 ° N 75.28333 ° E, 2134 m, 21 Jul 1910, A. N. Kiritshenko, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260598 through AMNH_PBI 00260600) (ZISP). Semis-Bel' Pass, Przheval'sk Uezd, Semirech'e, 42.16 ° N 76.08 ° E, Jul 1909, Nazimov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260699) (ZISP). Valley of Konurlen River, Przhevalsk Uezd, Semirech'e, 42.08 ° N 76.58 ° E, 01 Jul 1908, Rozhevitz, 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260586 through AMNH_PBI 00260589, AMNH_PBI 00267634) (ZISP). Zapadnyi Karakol, 42.146 ° N 74.11 ° E, 18 Jul 1904 - 19 Jul 1904, V. Oshanin, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259303) (ZISP). RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Altai Rep.: Dzhazator [Zhasater], N Karakul' lake, 49.63333 ° N 87.81666 ° E, 19 Jul 1964, Narchuk, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259236) (ZISP). Astrakhan Prov.: Kharakhol place nr Mt. Bolshoe Bogdo, 47.96666 ° N 46.96666 ° E, V. Jakovlev coll., 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260619) (ZISP). Bashkortostan Rep.: Belebey, 54.1 ° N 54.11666 ° E, 03 Jul 1907, A. Grigorev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260653) (ZISP). Belgorod Prov.: Borisovka on Vorskla River, 50.6 ° N 36.01666 ° E, 16 Jun 1956, I. M. Kerzhner, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00310748) (ZISP). Chernyanka, 18 verst NO Novyy Oskol, 50.83333 ° N 37.63333 ° E, 02 Jul 1928, Miklashevskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260716) (ZISP). Novyy Oskol, 50.75 ° N 37.88333 ° E, 15 Jun 1928 - 20 Jun 1928, Miklashevskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260719) (ZISP). Shebekino [Shebek], Kurskaya Prov., 50.4 ° N 36.91666 ° E, 27 Jul 1902, Serebryanikov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260020) (ZISP). Bryansk Prov.: Petrovskoe, [former Mtsenskiy uyezd of Orel government], 52.78333 ° N 33.08333 ° E, 06 Jun 1897, Favorskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260720) (ZISP). Chelyabinsk Prov.: Between Alekseevskiy [Alekseevskaya] and Mikhaylovka, Troitskiy Uezd., 53.15 ° N 59.76666 ° E, 08 Jun 1916, N. Kuznetsov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260643) (ZISP). Krasinskiy, East-Ural Dist., 54.26666 ° N 61.43333 ° E, Aug 1926, Umnov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260658) (ZISP). Tract nr Troitsk Region, Magnitogorsk Distr., 54.108 ° N 61.568 ° E, 07 Jun 1927, Shelud'ko, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260648 through AMNH_PBI 00260650) (ZISP). Ingushetia Rep.: Salgi, 42.78333 ° N 44.85 ° E, 1665 m, 26 Jul 1927, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260338) (ZISP); 29 Jul 1927, A. N. Kiritshenko, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00256318, AMNH_PBI 00256319), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260333 through AMNH_PBI 00260336) (ZISP); 04 Aug 1927, A. N. Kiritshenko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260337, AMNH_PBI 00260339) (ZISP); 05 Aug 1927, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260341) (ZISP); 26 Aug 1927, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00256320), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260340) (ZISP). Irkutsk Prov.: Kultuk, 51.71 ° N 103.68 ° E, V. Jakovlev coll., 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00261474) (ZISP). Kursk Prov.: Streletskaya Steppe, 20 km S Kursk, 51.55 ° N 36.18333 ° E, 05 Jul 1932, S. I. Medvedev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260428) (ZISP). Novosibirsk Prov.: 19 km SW Karasuk, Troitskaya Steppe Nature Reserve, 53.6 ° N 47.83333 ° E, 03 Jul 2002, Rodkina, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260663) (ZISP). Druzhinino nr SW bank of Chany Lake, 54.617 ° N 77.25 ° E, 27 Jun 1931 - 28 Jun 1931, Formozov, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260349 through AMNH_PBI 00260352) (ZISP). Yarkul', SW Chany Lake, Baraba, 54.63333 ° N 77.35 ° E, 14 Jun 1931, Formozov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260342) (ZISP); 25 Jun 1931, Formozov, 6♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260343 through AMNH_PBI 00260348) (ZISP). Omsk Prov.: Omsk, 54.96666 ° N 73.36666 ° E, 18 Jun 1922, Reichardt and Raevskiy, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260437, AMNH_PBI 00260632) (ZISP). Orenburg Prov.: Left bank of Ural River, Verkhnedneprovka, 51.41666 ° N 56.3 ° E, 04 Jun 1932, L. Zimin, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260602, AMNH_PBI 00260603) (ZISP); 03 Jul 1932, L. Zimin, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00257833) (ZISP); 08 Jun 1934, L. Zimin, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00257830 through AMNH_PBI 00257832, AMNH_PBI 00260604 through AMNH_PBI 00260606), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00257835 through AMNH_PBI 00257838) (ZISP); 26 Jun 1934, L. Zimin, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00155584) (ZISP); 17 Jul 1934, L. Zimin, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00257834) (ZISP). NE Akbulak, Orenburg [Chkalovsk] Prov., 50.96666 ° N 55.66666 ° E, 25 May 1955, Chistovskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00258640), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00258641) (ZISP). Nr Orenburg, 51.76666 ° N 55.1 ° E, 26 May 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 7♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259756 through AMNH_PBI 00259762), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260157 through AMNH_PBI 00260158, AMNH_PBI 00260195 through AMNH_PBI 00260196) (ZISP); 27 May 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259763, AMNH_PBI 00259764) (ZISP); 30 May 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259765 through AMNH_PBI 00259767), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260159 through AMNH_PBI 00260162, AMNH_PBI 00260191) (ZISP); 01 Jun 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 13♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259738 through AMNH_PBI 00259750), 21♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260140 through AMNH_PBI 00260156, AMNH_PBI 00260192 through AMNH_PBI 00260193, AMNH_PBI 00260701 through AMNH_PBI 00260702) (ZISP); 04 Jun 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259751 through AMNH_PBI 00259755), 14♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260163 through AMNH_PBI 00260175, AMNH_PBI 00260194) (ZISP); 09 Jun 1924, A.I. Ivanov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260176) (ZISP). Orenburg, 51.76666 ° N 55.1 ° E, V. Jakovlev coll., 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260617, AMNH_PBI 00260618) (ZISP). Orsk, 51.2 ° N 58.61666 ° E, 03 Jun 1935, Chetyrkina, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260637, AMNH_PBI 00260638) (ZISP); 05 Jul 1935, Chetyrkina, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260432) (ZISP). Spassk [Spasskoe], Bolshoy Ik river, 52 ° N 56.51666 ° E, Eversmann coll, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260718), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260622, AMNH_PBI 00260623) (ZISP). Uralsk, 51.56666 ° N 58.65 ° E, 01 Jun 1909 - 06 Jun 1909, B.P. Uvarov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260651) (ZISP). Uy River nr Klyuchevka [Klyuchevskaya], Orenburg Government, 54.03333 ° N 62 ° E, 11 Jun 1916, N. Kuznetsov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260644) (ZISP). Rostov Prov.: Novocherkassk, 47.4 ° N 40.08333 ° E, 09 May 1909, Kizertskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260633) (ZISP); 18 May 1909, Kizertskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260430) (ZISP); 25 May 1909, Kizertskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260634) (ZISP). Samara Prov.: Alekseevka, Buzuluk Distr., 52.88333 ° N 51.65 ° E, 03 Jun 1909, Bakhtin, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259773 through AMNH_PBI 00259776), 7♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259631 through AMNH_PBI 00259636, AMNH_PBI 00259772) (ZISP); 06 Jun 1909, Bakhtin, 12♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259777 through AMNH_PBI 00259788), 10♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259637 through AMNH_PBI 00259641, AMNH_PBI 00260239 through AMNH_PBI 00260242, AMNH_PBI 00260722) (ZISP); 15 Jun 1909, Bakhtin, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259789 through AMNH_PBI 00259794), 11♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259642 through AMNH_PBI 00259645, AMNH_PBI 00260242 through AMNH_PBI 00260248) (ZISP). Alekseyevka, 52.56666 ° N 51.28333 ° E, 03 Jun 1909, Bakhtin, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260237, AMNH_PBI 00260238) (ZISP). Bezenchuk, 52.98333 ° N 48.3 ° E, 18 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260257) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260258 through AMNH_PBI 00260260), 1 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00255679) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260264, AMNH_PBI 00260265) (ZISP); 24 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260266 through AMNH_PBI 00260268) (ZISP); 21 Jun 1929, Lyubishchev, 6♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259845 through AMNH_PBI 00259850), 13♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259851 through AMNH_PBI 00259852, AMNH_PBI 00260249 through AMNH_PBI 00260256, AMNH_PBI 00260261 through AMNH_PBI 00260263) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1939 - 26 Jun 1939, A.K. Lukyanovich, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259855 through AMNH_PBI 00259857, AMNH_PBI 00260665) (ZISP). Kinel', 53.21666 ° N 50.61666 ° E, 27 Jun 1927, Lyubishchev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259651) (ZISP); 20 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259866, AMNH_PBI 00259870) (ZISP); 21 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259638, AMNH_PBI 00259867 through AMNH_PBI 00259868, AMNH_PBI 00259871), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259876) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1928, Lyubishchev, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259639, AMNH_PBI 00259872), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259877) (ZISP); 24 Jun 1928, Lubischev, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259646, AMNH_PBI 00259878 through AMNH_PBI 00259879) (ZISP); 03 Jul 1928, Lyubishchev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259647) (ZISP); 21 Aug 1928 - 22 Aug 1928, Lyubishchev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259865), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259650, AMNH_PBI 00259875) (ZISP); 07 Jun 1929, Lyubishchev, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00241875, AMNH_PBI 00259873) (ZISP); 18 Jun 1929, Lyubishchev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259874), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259648 through AMNH_PBI 00259649, AMNH_PBI 00260661) (ZISP); 14 Jun 1930, Lyubishchev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259864) (ZISP). Krasnaya Glinka, 25 km of Samara, 53.33333 ° N 50.18333 ° E, 10 Jun 1929, Lyubishchev, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260243, AMNH_PBI 00260244) (ZISP). Saratov Prov.: Between Pugachev [Pugachevsk] and Korneevka, Samara Government, 51.9 ° N 48.75 ° E, 02 Jul 1925, Dyakonov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00235296) (ZISP). Dyakovka 25 km S Krasniy Kut, 50.71666 ° N 46.75 ° E, 22 Jun 1961, I. M. Kerzhner, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00230464) (ZISP). Lepekhinka [Lepekhinskaya] St. S Krasniy Kut, 50.63333 ° N 46.88333 ° E, 25 Jun 1961, I. M. Kerzhner, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260187, AMNH_PBI 00260188) (ZISP). Miloradovka, nr source of Bolshoy Uzen River, 51.6 ° N 48.75 ° E, 02 Jul 1925, D'yakonov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00258277) (ZISP). Stavropol Terr.: Bashanta, 45.26666 ° N 44.05 ° E, 21 Aug 1914, B.P. Uvarov, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00222615) (ZISP). Volgograd Prov.: Krasnoarmeysk [former Sarepta], 48.5 ° N 44.48333 ° E, Becker, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00254839), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260645) (ZISP); V. Jakovlev coll., 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260047), 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260620, AMNH_PBI 00267630 through AMNH_PBI 00267632) (ZISP); 03 Jun 1917, N. Kuznetsov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260654) (ZISP). Valuevka, W of Gmelinka Railway Station, 50.33333 ° N 46.4 ° E, 04 Jun 1939 - 06 Jun 1939, A.K. Lukyanovich, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259858), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259859 through AMNH_PBI 00259863) (ZISP). Voronezh Prov.: Kamennaya Steppe 11 km S Talovaya, 51.21666 ° N 40.71666 ° E, 23 Jun 1935, Stark, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260056 through AMNH_PBI 00260058) (ZISP); 05 Jun 1949, Stark, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260408 through AMNH_PBI 00260411) (ZISP); 08 Jun 1949, Stark, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260406, AMNH_PBI 00260407) (ZISP); 12 Jun 1949, Stark, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260405), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260571) (ZISP); 19 Jun 1949, Stark, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260404) (ZISP). Novokhopersk, 51.08333 ° N 41.61666 ° E, 11 Jul 1940, Korinek, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260657) (ZISP). Savala forestry, Ternovka, 51.66666 ° N 41.61666 ° E, 30 May 1951, Stark, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260434) (ZISP). TAJIKISTAN: 15 km of Pyandzh [Kirovobad], Kara-tau Mts. Ridge, 37.236 ° N 69.092 ° E, 16 May 1958, Lopatin, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260583 through AMNH_PBI 00260585) (ZISP). Argankun, Obi-khingou River, 38.85 ° N 70.86666 ° E, 16 Jul 1934, Lopatin, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259306, AMNH_PBI 00259307) (ZISP). Dangara, Vakhshskiy Mts. Range, 38.08333 ° N 69.31666 ° E, 04 Jun 1986, Volkovich, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00228091) (ZISP). Dzhar-Bulak, Rengan-Tau Mts. Range, 38.48 ° N 68.39 ° E, 22 May 1942, Luppova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259302) (ZISP). Left Bank of Iskanderdarya River, near Source of river, 39.08 ° N 68.38 ° E, 2179 m, 12 Jul 1947, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259305) (ZISP). N of Tul'ki, Dushanbe [Stalinabad] Dist., 38.45 ° N 69.02 ° E, 22 May 1942, Luppova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259301) (ZISP). Right Bank of Iskanderdarya, nr Source of River, 39.08333 ° N 68.36666 ° E, 16 Jul 1947, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259299) (ZISP); 05 Aug 1947, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00231144) (ZISP). Ruidasht, 40 km from Dushanbe [former Stalinabad], 38.58333 ° N 70.33333 ° E, 3000 m, 22 Jul 1937, Pavlovskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259235) (ZISP). Sary-Tag River nr Iskanderkul Lake, 39.05 ° N 68.33333 ° E, 13 Jul 1947, A. N. Kiritshenko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00155345, AMNH_PBI 00259304) (ZISP). Varzob River, 7-10 km of Dushanbe [Stalinabad], 38.49 ° N 68.78 ° E, 30 May 1936, Gussakovskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259294) (ZISP). TURKEY: Ankara (Gýlbaschi), 19 May 1961 - 20 May 1961, Seidenstücker, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00268102) (ZISP). TURKMENISTAN: Akar-Cheshme Spring, Badkhuzskiy Nat. Res., 35.8 ° N 61.47 ° E, 09 May 1964, Loginova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00268099) (ZISP). Firyuza, Kopetdag Mt range, 37.91666 ° N 58.05 ° E, 17 May 1928, Gussakovskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259293) (ZISP). Garrygala [Kara-Kala], 38.41666 ° N 56.25 ° E, 23 May 1923, Garnovskaya, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259234) (ZISP). Khodza-ifil'ata [Khodzha-i-fil], Bukhara, 37.93333 ° N 66.63333 ° E, 13 May 1910, Zarudny, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00268101), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259289) (ZISP). Kopetdag Mts, Chuli [Tshulli], 37.96666 ° N 58.05 ° E, 07 May 1913, A. Hohlbeck, 15♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260302 through AMNH_PBI 00260316), 24♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260278 through AMNH_PBI 00260301) (ZISP). Kopetdag Mts 12 km SW from Gyzylarbat [Kizyl-Arvat], 38.889 ° N 56.175 ° E, 03 May 1953, Odintsova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259296) (ZISP); 13 May 1953, Odintsova, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259295) (ZISP). Nebit-dag, Mountainside of B. Balakhany, 39.51 ° N 54.37 ° E, 02 May 1947, Borkhsenius, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259290, AMNH_PBI 00259291) (ZISP). UKRAINE: Crimea: Belokamensk [Inkerman] nr Sevastopol', 44.58333 ° N 33.58333 ° E, 24 May 1911, W. Pliginskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260054), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260510, AMNH_PBI 00260511) (ZISP). Eupatoria, 45.18333 ° N 33.35 ° E, V.E. Jakovlev, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260052, AMNH_PBI 00260376), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260377, AMNH_PBI 00260509) (ZISP); 12 May 1906, V.E. Jakovlev, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260506 through AMNH_PBI 00260508) (ZISP); 16 May 1908, V.E. Jakovlev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260051) (ZISP). Kerch, 45.33333 ° N 36.45 ° E, 11 May 1915 - 17 May 1915, Golovleva, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260504) (ZISP); 30 May 1915, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260375) (ZISP); 17 May 1917, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260374), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260502, AMNH_PBI 00260503) (ZISP); 19 May 1917, A. N. Kiritshenko, 10♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260046, AMNH_PBI 00260365 through AMNH_PBI 00260373), 10♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260492 through AMNH_PBI 00260501) (ZISP); 21 May 1917, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260505) (ZISP); 01 Jun 1917, A. N. Kiritshenko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260490, AMNH_PBI 00260491) (ZISP); 15 May 1918, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260045) (ZISP). Sevastopol', 44.6 ° N 33.53333 ° E, 20 May 1904, W. Pliginskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260429) (ZISP); 10 May 1906, W. Pliginskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260629) (ZISP); 13 May 1906, V. Jakovlev coll., 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260050) (ZISP); 24 May 1906, W. Pliginskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260631) (ZISP); 08 Sep 1906, W. Pliginskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260630) (ZISP). Sevastopol', Delgard's khutor, 44.6 ° N 33.53333 ° E, 22 Apr 1910, W. Pliginskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260053) (ZISP). Sudak, 44.85 ° N 34.96666 ° E, 05 Jun 1915, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260561) (ZISP). 18 km NE of Voznesensk, Yuzhnyi Bug river, 47.694 ° N 31.489 ° E, 11 Jun 1921, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260021) (ZISP). Askaniya-Nova Nature Reserve, 46.45 ° N 33.85 ° E, 31 Jul 1911, Malyshev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260628) (ZISP); 29 May 1926, Znoiko, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260037, AMNH_PBI 00260038) (ZISP); Jun 1928, S. I. Medvedev, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260640 through AMNH_PBI 00260642, AMNH_PBI 00267624) (ZISP); 1933, Ter-Minasyan, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259854) (ZISP); 08 Jun 1933, Ter-Minasyan, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260039, AMNH_PBI 00260715) (ZISP); 11 Jun 1933, Ter-Minasyan, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259853) (ZISP). Berdyansk N of Azov Sea Coast, 46.75 ° N 36.8 ° E, 18 Jun 1938, Nikolaev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260044), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260043) (ZISP). Bila Tserkva [Belaya Tserkov'], 49.8 ° N 30.11666 ° E, Jul 1904, Zaytsev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260659) (ZISP). Chalks nr Sidorovo, Svyatogorsk, 48.96666 ° N 37.58333 ° E, 03 Jul 1940, L.V. Arnoldi, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260032, AMNH_PBI 00260033) (ZISP). Chongar, Sivash Lake, 46 ° N 34.5 ° E, 06 Jun 1940, A.K. Lukyanovich, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259880 through AMNH_PBI 00259884), 15♀ (AMNH_PBI 00152399, AMNH_PBI 00259971 through AMNH_PBI 00259984) (ZISP); 07 Jun 1940, A.K. Lukyanovich, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259885 through AMNH_PBI 00259887), 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260670) (ZISP). Churyuk isl., Sivash lake, 46.15 ° N 34.23333 ° E, 24 May 1927, S. I. Medvedev, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00253402) (ZISP). Izvarino, Luhans'k Dist., 48.3 ° N 39.85 ° E, 31 May 1929, Talitskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260560) (ZISP). Kamyshevakha, Donetsk, 47.7919 ° N 38.7539 ° E, 18 Jul 1937, L.V. Arnoldi, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260031) (ZISP). Khutor Vormsovo [Vorms], Anan'ev Distr., 47.23333 ° N 31.1 ° E, 27 May 1925, Znoiko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00222831) (ZISP). Kirovograd [Elizavetgrad], Kherson Government, 48.5 ° N 32.26666 ° E, 20 May 1903, Yatsentkovskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260714) (ZISP). Kupyansk, 49.7214 ° N 37.5981 ° E, 130 m, Ivanov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00310495) (ZISP). Lugansk Distr., Pristenok Railway Station, 48.3 ° N 39.4667 ° E, 16 Jun 1926, Talitskiy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260010, AMNH_PBI 00260011) (ZISP); 16 Jun 1928, Talitskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260713) (ZISP); 13 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 5♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260012 through AMNH_PBI 00260016) (ZISP); 14 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260017, AMNH_PBI 00260018) (ZISP); 23 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260019) (ZISP). Nogayskiy distr., Zaporozh'e [Zaporizhzhya] reg., 46.732 ° N 36.38 ° E, 24 Jun 1940, A.K. Lukyanovich, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260034 through AMNH_PBI 00260036, AMNH_PBI 00260671) (ZISP). Nov.Vorms, Pervomaysk Distr., 47.2333 ° N 31.1 ° E, 23 Jun 1925, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260646) (ZISP). Nyrkovo-Vyemka Steppe, Donetsk Terr., 48.7 ° N 38.22 ° E, 20 Jun 1937, L.V. Arnoldi, 7♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260022 through AMNH_PBI 00260028), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260029, AMNH_PBI 00260030) (ZISP). Odessa, Kuyalnitskiy Liman, 46.55 ° N 30.73333 ° E, 06 May 1920, A. N. Kiritshenko, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260423 through AMNH_PBI 00260425), 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260607, AMNH_PBI 00260608) (ZISP); 21 May 1920, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260609) (ZISP). Odessa, Kuyalnitskiy liman, Khadzhib, 46.46666 ° N 30.71666 ° E, 18 May 1920, A. N. Kiritshenko, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260040 through AMNH_PBI 00260042) (ZISP). Odessa, Luzanovka, 46.46666 ° N 30.71666 ° E, 11 Jun 1920, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260426) (ZISP). Provalye, 48.16666 ° N 39.83333 ° E, 24 Jun 1928, Likhosherstov, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260712) (ZISP); 11 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260553) (ZISP); 13 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 4♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260554 through AMNH_PBI 00260555, AMNH_PBI 00260708 through AMNH_PBI 00260709) (ZISP); 14 Jun 1929, Talitskiy, 6♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260556 through AMNH_PBI 00260559, AMNH_PBI 00260710 through AMNH_PBI 00260711) (ZISP); 15 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 13♂ (AMNH_PBI 00234963, AMNH_PBI 00259680 through AMNH_PBI 00259691), 15♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260062 through AMNH_PBI 00260076) (ZISP); 16 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 15♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259692 through AMNH_PBI 00259706), 9♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260077 through AMNH_PBI 00260085) (ZISP); 17 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 10♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259707 through AMNH_PBI 00259716), 14♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260085 through AMNH_PBI 00260098) (ZISP); 18 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 9♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259717 through AMNH_PBI 00259724, AMNH_PBI 00267638), 14♀ (AMNH_PBI 00253318, AMNH_PBI 00260099 through AMNH_PBI 00260111), 1 juvenille (AMNH_PBI 00260112) (ZISP); 19 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 11♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259725 through AMNH_PBI 00259735), 26♀ (AMNH_PBI 00253318, AMNH_PBI 00260113 through AMNH_PBI 00260137) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 21♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260118 through AMNH_PBI 00260138) (ZISP). Sinel'nikovo [former South Railway line], 48.33333 ° N 35.53333 ° E, 10 Jun 1930, Talitskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260721) (ZISP). Stanitsa Luganskaya nr Lugansk, 48.65 ° N 39.48333 ° E, 22 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 20♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260533 through AMNH_PBI 00260552) (ZISP); 22 Jun 1933, Talitskiy, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259768 through AMNH_PBI 00259771) (ZISP). UZBEKISTAN: 12 km S Aktash, Southeastern Part of Uzbekistan, 39.8 ° N 65.91666 ° E, 16 Jun 1981, Podlipsuev, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259300) (ZISP). Aman-Kutan, S of Samarkanda, 39.31 ° N 66.93 ° E, 13 Jun 1932, Gussakovskiy, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259233) (ZISP). Bank of Kyzylorda River, 40 km SE Shakhrisabz, 38.79 ° N 67.14 ° E, 1200 m, 21 May 1994, F. Konstantinov, 2♂ (AMNH_PBI 00311122), 5♀ (AMNH_PBI 00310500, AMNH_PBI 00315204) (ZISP). Kempir-tyube [Kempyrg-tepe], 37.78 ° N 66.68 ° E, 17 May 1910, Zarudny, 2♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259284, AMNH_PBI 00259285) (ZISP); 18 May 1910, Zarudny, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00259230), 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259286 through AMNH_PBI 00259288) (ZISP); 20 May 1910, Zarudny, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259283) (ZISP). Kyshtut, 38.83333 ° N 67.9 ° E, 27 May 1908, Unknown, 7♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260317 through AMNH_PBI 00260318, AMNH_PBI 00260320 through AMNH_PBI 00260324) (ZISP); 27 May 1908, A. Hohlbeck, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00260326 through AMNH_PBI 00260329) (ZISP); 28 May 1908, Unknown, 3♂ (AMNH_PBI 00267629) (ZISP); 30 May 1908, Unknown, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260319) (ZISP); 07 Jun 1908, Unknown, 3♀ (AMNH_PBI 00260325) (ZISP). Shakhimardan, Alayskiy Mts. Range, 39.96666 ° N 71.78333 ° E, 05 Jun 1900, Germs, 1♂ (AMNH_PBI 00149996) (ZISP). Takhtakaracha Pass, Zeravshan Mts. Range, 39.26 ° N 66.9 ° E, 11 Jun 1932, Gussakovskiy, 1♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259292) (ZISP). Tangi-Duval [Tengri-Duval], 37.96 ° N 66.73 ° E, 14 May 1910, Zarudny, 4♂ (AMNH_PBI 00240720, AMNH_PBI 00268096 through AMNH_PBI 00268097, AMNH_PBI 00268100), 9♀ (AMNH_PBI 00259275 through AMNH_PBI 00259282, AMNH_PBI 00268098) (ZISP).

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

ZMUM

Zoological Museum, University of Amoy

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Miridae

Genus

Orthocephalus

Loc

Orthocephalus bivittatus Fieber

Namyatova, Anna A. & Konstantinov, Fedor V. 2009
2009
Loc

Orthocephalus bilineatus

Kiritshenko, A. N. 1951: 184
1951
Loc

Orthocephalus bivittatus

Fieber, F. X. 1864: 222
1864