Orthocephalus fulvipes Reuter

Namyatova, Anna A. & Konstantinov, Fedor V., 2009, Revision of the genus Orthocephalus Fieber, 1858 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Orthotylinae) 2316, Zootaxa 2316, pp. 1-118: 49-51

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/173C87A6-9C32-FF99-FF0E-FCB8FECABF70

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Orthocephalus fulvipes Reuter
status

 

Orthocephalus fulvipes Reuter  

Figures 2, 7, 11, 15

Capsus tenuicornis Mulsant and Rey, 1852: 152–153   (junior primary homonym of Capsus tenuicornis Say, 1852   ).

Orthocephalus tenuicornis Reuter, 1876: 33   .

Orthocephalus tenuicornis var. fulvipes Reuter, 1904: 14   .

Orthocephalus fulvipes Reuter, 1904   , valid name for Orthocephalus tenuicornis (Say, 1852) ( Kerzhner and Schuh, 1998: 172)   .

DIAGNOSIS: Recognized by the scalelike setae covering dorsum, pleurites, and abdomen (as in figs. 22 A-C, E, 23 A, D), yellowish antennal segment I and tibia, dark brown hemelytra (fig. 2), aedeagus with two spicules, long spicule straight, characteristically twisted basally and apically, short spicule curved, as though clawshaped, half as long as long spicule (fig. 7), female genitalia with medial sclerites almost straight, abruptly tapering apically, somewhat twisted basally, distinctly twin-coned, and somewhat longer than sclerotized ring (fig. 15). Most easily confused with O. sefrensis   and O. saltator   in the external characters, male and female genitalia. Both species differ from O. fulvipes   in the dark brown to black coloration of antennal segment I. In addition, the long spicule in the aedeagus of O. fulvipes   is somewhat curved, whereas that of O. saltator   is not twisted (compare figs. 8 and 9). Females are also similar to O. bivittatus   but that species differs in having distinctly longer medial sclerites (fig. 14). The pale females with yellowish coxae and femora can be confused in external characters with females of O. modarresi   but can be distinguished from that species by the presence of medial sclerites, which are lacking in O. modarresi   (fig. 15).

REDESCRIPTION: Male: Macropterous; length 4.6–5.5. COLORATION (fig. 2): Head: Dark brown; vertex with spot near inner margin of each eye, sometimes barely visible, posterior margin of each eye with yellowish or pale brown stripe; maxillary plate often with pale brown or yellowish stripe below antennal fossa; antennal segment I yellowish, with darker base, segment II dark brown, yellowish at base, segments III and IV pale brown; labium dark brown. Thorax: Pronotum and pleurites dark brown; evaporatorium at least partly yellowish; scutellum dark brown; femora dark brown, sometimes with yellowish apices; tibiae yellowish with darkened apices and bases, tarsi dark brown; hemelytra dark brown to black; membrane uniformly pale brown. SURFACE AND VESTITURE: As in O. bivittatus   (see figs. 22 A-C, E, 23 A, D). STRUCTURE AND MEASUREMENTS: Body 3.2–3.5× as long as width of pronotum. Head: Shape of head and eye similar to O. bivittatus   (as in figs. 20 B, 21 A, G); head 1.1–1.2× as wide as high; vertex 1.8–2.3× as wide as eye; eye located at a small distance from anterior pronotal margin; antennal fossa located close to inferior margin of eyes; antennal segment I longer than diameter of eye; antennal segment II only weakly incrassate, cylindrical, 0.8–1.1× as long as basal width of pronotum, 1.0–1.4× as long as width of head; labium reaching middle coxa. Thorax: Pronotum 1.6–2.3× as wide as long and 1.1–1.4× as wide as head, with posterior margin slightly concave or straight, lateral margins of pronotum not carinate, calli slightly raised; hind femur relatively narrow, approximately 1.5× as wide as middle femur. GENITALIA: Aedeagus (fig. 7) with two spicules, long spicule as long as dorsal wall of theca, straight, twisted along axis at base and apex; short spicule claw-shaped, gradually curved, approximately half as long as long spicule; endosoma usually with small sclerotized area near base of short spicule, sometimes this area indistinct; parameres as in fig. 11.

Female: Brachypterous; length 3.8–5.1. COLORATION: Similar to male; but sometimes antennal segment II yellowish with darkened apex, forecoxa dark, rarely orange with darker stripes and femora sometimes yellowish or orange with darker apex. SURFACE AND VESTITURE: As in male. STRUCTURE: Body 2.4– 3.7× as long as width of pronotum. Head: 1.1–1.2× as wide as high; vertex 2.2–2.8× as wide as eye; antennal segment II 0.8–1.2× as long as basal width of pronotum, 0.8–1.3× as long as width of head. Thorax: Pronotum 1.8–2.3× as wide as long and 0.9–1.2× as wide as head; length of hemelytra ranging from reaching abdominal tergum VII to reaching tergum IX, cuneus slightly delimited, claval commissure as long as inner claval margin, posterior and lateral margins of hemelytra rounded, rarely posterior margin truncate. GENITA- LIA: Sclerotized rings comparatively large, oval, medial sclerites almost straight, abruptly tapering apically, somewhat twisted basally, distinctly twin-coned, and somewhat longer and distinctly narrower than sclerotized ring (fig. 15); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix with trapeziform sclerite uniformly sclerotized, incision on the anterior margin narrow and not reaching middle of sclerite, anterior angles of this sclerite somewhat dentate, posterior margin without sclerites (as in fig. 18, bivittatus   ); vulva with curved sclerites forming a circle (as in fig. 19, vittipennis   ).

DISTRIBUTION: This species has Mediterranean-Iranian distribution. It spans north to Italy, France, and Greece, south to Algeria, Tunisia, Israel, Iraq, and Iran, and east to Azerbaijan and Iran.

HOST: Unknown.

DISCUSSION: This species is very similar to O. saltator   and O. sefrensis   . Refer to the corresponding section of O. sefrensis   for discussion of the difficulties with the separation of these species.

SPECIMENS EXAMINED: ALGERIA: Oran: El Ancor, 35.66666 ° N 0.86666 ° W, 02 Apr 1988 - 05 Apr 1988, Doguet, 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00232727, AMNH_PBI 00263427) ( MATOCQ). Qued Hammam , 10 km S Mohammadia [Perregaux], 35.5 ° N 0.05 ° E GoogleMaps   , 09 May 1964, Eckerlein, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00256779) ( MNHN). CYPRUS: Akrotiri Bay , 34.63 ° N 33.02 ° E GoogleMaps   , G. Mavromoustakis, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00155582) ( MZH). IRAN: Gilan: Manjil , 36.74 ° N 49.42 ° E GoogleMaps   , 16 May 1995 - 14 Jun 1995, R. Linnavuori, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00268083) ( LCRT). Sangrud , 36.67 ° N 49.65 ° E GoogleMaps   , 30 Jun 2003 - 01 Jul 2003, R. & S. Linnavuori, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00268080), 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00268081, AMNH_PBI 00268082) ( LCRT). Khorasan: Shah Kuh [Shachkuh] Mt. , 31.61666 ° N 59.26666 ° E GoogleMaps   , 16 Jun 1914, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259176) ( ZISP). Khuzestan: Valley of Karun River, southern Persia , 32 ° N 49.05 ° E GoogleMaps   , 06 Feb 1904, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00256777) ( ZISP). Semnan: Doab , 36.41666 ° N 54.93333 ° E GoogleMaps   , 14 Jun 1914, A. N. Kiritshenko, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00150364) ( ZISP). Agulyashker, Land of Lury , 31.65 ° N 48.86666 ° E GoogleMaps   , 28 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 4♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00249661, AMNH_PBI 00259167 through AMNH_PBI 00259169) ( ZISP). Ala Khvorshid [Al'khoshir], Lury Lands , 31.51666 ° N 49.85 ° E GoogleMaps   , 30 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00234960), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00146867) ( ZISP). Bid Zard, Land of Lury , 31.66666 ° N 49.58333 ° E GoogleMaps   , 27 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 2♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259219, AMNH_PBI 00259220), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259165) ( ZISP). Dezful, Arabistan , 32.38333 ° N 48.38333 ° E GoogleMaps   , 14 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 5♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00237985, AMNH_PBI 00259215 through AMNH_PBI 00259218) ( ZISP)   ; 15 Mar 1905, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00250449) ( ZISP). Nr Dezful, Arabistan , 32.38333 ° N 48.38333 ° E GoogleMaps   , 10 Mar 1904 - 19 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 21♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00152911, AMNH_PBI 00233752, AMNH_PBI 00253396, AMNH_PBI 00255107, AMNH_PBI 00259198 through AMNH_PBI 00259214), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259164) ( ZISP). Pergistun nr Shushtar , 32.03333 ° N  

48.85 ° E, 23 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259221), 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00239057, AMNH_PBI 00259166) ( ZISP)   . Qal'eh Tol, W Lury, 31.63 ° N 49.89 ° E, 31 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 3♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00225916, AMNH_PBI 00238414, AMNH_PBI 00259223), 3♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00223312, AMNH_PBI 00259170 through AMNH_PBI 00259171) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   . Shushtar [Shuster], Arabistan, 32.03333 ° N 48.85 ° E, 22 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259222) ( ZISP) GoogleMaps   . Unknown, 17 Mar 1903 - 1904, Zarudny, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259225) ( ZISP)   ; 18 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259174) ( ZISP)   ; 25 Mar 1904, Zarudny, 3♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00150279, AMNH_PBI 00224845, AMNH_PBI 00259224), 1♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259175) ( ZISP)   ; 31 May 1904, Zarudny, 2♀ ( AMNH _ PBI 00259172, AMNH_PBI 00259173), 1 juvenille ( AMNH _ PBI 00259226) ( ZISP)   . ISRAEL: Palestina, 31.45 ° N 34.38 ° E, Unknown, 1♂ ( AMNH _ PBI 00268224) ( MZH) GoogleMaps   .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

MZH

Finnish Museum of Natural History

ZISP

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Miridae

Genus

Orthocephalus

Loc

Orthocephalus fulvipes Reuter

Namyatova, Anna A. & Konstantinov, Fedor V. 2009
2009
Loc

Orthocephalus fulvipes

Kerzhner, I. M. & R. T. Schuh 1998: 172
1998
Loc

Orthocephalus tenuicornis var. fulvipes

Reuter, O. M. 1904: 14
1904
Loc

Orthocephalus tenuicornis

Reuter, O. M. 1876: 33
1876