Scytodes chopim, Rheims, Cristina A. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2009

Rheims, Cristina A. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2009, New additions to the Brazilian fauna of the genus Scytodes Latreille (Araneae: Scytodidae) with emphasis on the Atlantic Forest species, Zootaxa 2116, pp. 1-45: 32-33

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.187984

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/174E87B6-FFB7-B555-98D6-FF67FB84435E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Scytodes chopim
status

new species

Scytodes chopim   new species

Figs. 112–117 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111

Type material: Holotype: male from Cruzeiro do Iguaçu, Dois Vizinhos, (Pequena Central Hidrelétrica de Foz do Chopim   ) [25 ° 34 ' S; 53 °07'W], Paraná, Brazil, 8–15 October 1998, Equipe Butantan, deposited in IBSP 21347.

Paratypes: BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro: Angra dos Reis, Ilha Grande [23 °00' S; 44 ° 17 ' W] (Ponta da Aripeba), 63 2 Ƥ, 13–15 November 1993, A.B. Bonaldo ( MCN 24869 View Materials ). São Paulo: São Paulo [23 ° 31 ' S; 46 ° 37 ' W] (Alto de Perdizes), 2 Ƥ, September 1951, H. Urban ( MZSP 15041); Miracatú [24 °03' S; 47 ° 13 'W] (Fazenda Itereí), 23 1 Ƥ, 20–26 September 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 91946; 91949); (Teagem) [24 ° 16 ' S; 47 ° 28 ' W], 23 1 Ƥ, 20 December 1998, R. Pinto da Rocha, R.S. Bérnils & M. Matsumoto ( MZSP 17314); Itanhaém [24 ° 10 ' S; 46 ° 46 ' W] (Ilha da Queimada Grande), 1 Ƥ, 23–24 January 1997, R. Bertani & A. D. Brescovit ( IBSP 7902); Peruíbe [24 ° 33 ' S; 47 °01' W] (Estação Ecológica Juréia Itatins), 33 1 Ƥ 3 juvs., 17–21 March 1997, A D. Brescovit et al. ( IBSP 9798; IBSP 37153). Paraná: Capitão Leônidas Marques (Usina Hidrelétrica de Salto Caxias, Rio Iguaçu) [25 ° 23 '– 25 ° 40 ' S; 53 °02'– 53 ° 30 ' W], 13 1 Ƥ 1 juv., 20–28 March 1998, A.B. Bonaldo ( MCN 23430 View Materials ).

Other material examined. BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Friburgo [22 ° 16 ' S; 42 ° 31 ' W], 13, January 1946, Wygodzynski, ( MZSP 21372); Teresópolis [22 ° 27 ' S; 42 ° 59 ' W] (Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos), 23, 18– 22 August 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 92292; 92291); Volta Redonda [22 ° 31 ' S; 44 °07' W] (Floresta da Cicuta), 13, 11– 18 June 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 97152). São Paulo: Piracicaba [22 ° 43 ' S; 47 ° 37 ' W], 1 Ƥ, 5 February 1945, C. Zamith ( ESALQ); Ribeirão Grande [22 ° 48 ' S; 45 ° 27 ' W], 2 Ƥ, June 2006, C.F.S. Andrade ( IBSP 99582); Jundiaí [23 ° 13 ' S; 46 ° 56 ' W], 1 Ƥ, 12–17 February 1999, C.A Rheims ( IBSP 22035); 13, (Reserva Biológica Municipal da Serra do Japi), 2004, Equipe Curso Pós USP ( IBSP 92577); 1 Ƥ, 6–10 July 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 92451); 23 1 Ƥ, March 2007, A D. Brescovit ( IBSP 78558); São Paulo [23 ° 31 ' S; 46 ° 37 ' W] 13, ( IBSP 36490); (Água Funda), 13, 14 December 1951, Werner ( MZSP 21365); (Jardim Aracati), 13, 6– 12 November 1999, R.P. Indicatti ( IBSP 38449); ( Mata do Instituto Butantan), 3 Ƥ 2 juvs., May 2000 – February 2001, D.F. Candiani ( IBSP 76233); (Parque da Previdência), 133 33 Ƥ, 1999–2001 ( IBSP 29214–29237; 29239–29243; 29245–29251); (Parque Ecológico do Guarapiranga), 13, 12– 19 February 2000, R.P. Indicatti ( IBSP 38448); 163 19 Ƥ, (Parque Ilha dos Eucalíptos, Reservatório da Represa de Guarapiranga), 7–13 April 2004, I. Cizauskas & C.R.M. Garcia ( IBSP 62217; 62219–62220; 62222; 62224–62228; 62231–62243; 62245–62248); (Reserva do CUASO), 2 Ƥ, 18 May 1999, F.S. Cunha, ( IBSP 29129; 29130); Jandira [23 ° 31 ' S; 46 ° 53 ' W], 13, 28 February 2005, CCZ Jandira ( IBSP 50947); Salesópolis [23 ° 32 ' S; 46 ° 51 ' W] (Estação Biológica de Boracéia), 1 Ƥ, 2003, Equipe Curso USP ( IBSP 92583); Caucaia do Alto [23 ° 40 ' S; 47 °01' W] (Reserva Florestal do Morro Grande), 83 4 Ƥ, 13–30 June 2002, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 92367–92373; 92570–92573; 38063); São Pedro [23 ° 45 ' S; 49 ° 22 ' W], 1 Ƥ, 7 December 2001, F.S. Cunha ( IBSP 33106); Santo André [23 ° 46 '– 23 ° 47 ' S; 46 ° 18 '– 46 ° 20 ' W] (Reserva Biológica do Alto da Serra de Paranapiacaba), 13, 14– 16 December 2003, C.A Rheims & R.P. Indicatti ( IBSP 91962); Miracatú [24 °03' S; 47 ° 13 'W] (Fazenda Itereí), 23 5 Ƥ, 20–26 September 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 91947; 91948; 91950–91954); (Teagem), 1 Ƥ 2 juvs., 20 December 1998, R. Pinto da Rocha, R.S. Bérnils & M. Matsumoto ( MZSP 17307); Peruíbe [24 ° 33 ' S; 47 °01' W] (Estação Ecológica Juréia Itatins), 133 29 Ƥ 12 juvs., 26 April – 3 May 1999, A D. Brescovit et al. ( IBSP 22353; 22380; 22410; 22428; 22554; 22576; 22633; 22680; 22732; 22790; 22918; 22923; 24590; 24860; 24885; 24934; 25397; 25452; 25621; 25799–25802; 25804–25806; 9943); 1 Ƥ, 29 September 1997, R. Bertani ( IBSP 13741); Iporanga [24 ° 34 ' S; 48 ° 34 ' W] (Parque Estadual Turístico do Alto Ribeira, Gruta Ouro Grosso), 1 Ƥ, 5–15 November 2001, Equipe Biota ( IBSP 92477).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition that refers to the type locality of the holotype.

Diagnosis. Males of Scytodes chopim   n.sp. are distinguished from those of the remaining Neotropical Scytodes   by the palp with prolaterally concave distal region ( Fig. 113 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ) and retrolateral dorsal hyaline keel ( Fig. 114–115 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). The females are distinguished by the slightly oval and medially fused hyaline pockets with very narrow lateral sclerotized areas ( Fig. 117 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ).

Description. Male (Holotype, IBSP 21347). Carapace orange with dark brown pattern as shown on Fig. 112 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 . Chelicerae orange with median longitudinal brown stripe. Pedipalps pale yellow with brown prolateral and dorsal stains. Labium orange with pale brown base. Endites pale yellow. Sternum cream colored with brown markings in front of each coxae. Legs pale yellow. Femora I –IV with ventral pair of longitudinal black stripes. Tibiae I –IV with median transversal black band. Abdomen gray. Posterior half with black pattern ( Fig. 112 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). Total length 4.0. Carapace slightly domed, 2.3 long, 1.9 wide. Eye diameters: PME 0.14, ALE 0.12, PLE 0.12. Lateral eyes on a tubercle. Chelicerae with subapical hyaline keel and inconspicuous stridulatory ridges. Labium 0.12 long, 0.22 wide. Sternum 1.2 long, 0.9 wide. Leg measurements: I: femur 5.4, patella 0.5, tibia 5.9, metatarsus 7.2, tarsus 0.8, total 19.8; II: 3.8, 0.5, 3.9, 4.6, 0.6, 13.4; III: 1.8, 0.5, 2.2, 2.6, 0.5, 7.6; IV: 3.6, 0.5, 3.3, 3.9, 0.7, 12.0. Palpal femur with stridulatory pick long and slender on slightly triangular and projected socket. Cymbium with a strong distal spine ( Fig. 113 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). Bulb 0.64 long, slightly bent and medially narrowed. Distal region with retrolateral-dorsal hyaline keel and short sclerotized process ( Figs. 114–115 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). Abdomen 1.7 long, 1.5 wide, covered with short slender hairs.

Female (Paratype, IBSP 9798) Coloration pattern as in male. Total length 4.8. Carapace slightly domed, 2.4 long, 2.1 wide. Eye diameters: PME 0.12, ALE 0.12, PLE 0.14. Lateral eyes on a tubercle. Chelicerae as in male. Labium 0.18 long, 0.28 wide. Sternum 1.28 long, 0.90 wide. Leg measurements: I: femur 3.5, patella 0.6, tibia 3.6, metatarsus 4.6, tarsus 0.7, total 13.0; II: 2.7, 0.6, 2.3, 2.7, 0.5, 8.8; III: 1.8, 0.6, 1.5, 1.9, 0.6, 6.4; IV: 2.6, 0.6, 2.5, 2.8, 0.6, 9.1. Palpal femur as in male. Epigynum with ridged positioning ridges separated from each other by 2–3 times their width ( Fig. 116 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). Vulva with small and rounded spermathecae, with narrow stalks, adjacent to slightly oval and medially fused hyaline pockets and very narrow lateral sclerotized areas ( Fig. 117 View FIGURES 106 – 117. 106 – 111 ). Abdomen 2.4 long, 2.0 wide, as in male.

Variation. Ten males: total length 3.0– 4.2; carapace 1.7–2.3; femur I 3.6–5.8; bulb 0.46–0.66. Ten females: total length 3.8–5.9; carapace 1.9–2.5; femur I 2.1–3.9.

Distribution. Atlantic Forest. States of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná.

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

USP

University of the South Pacific

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Scytodidae

Genus

Scytodes