Scytodes caratinga, Rheims, Cristina A. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2009

Rheims, Cristina A. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2009, New additions to the Brazilian fauna of the genus Scytodes Latreille (Araneae: Scytodidae) with emphasis on the Atlantic Forest species, Zootaxa 2116, pp. 1-45: 17-18

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.187984

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/174E87B6-FFB8-B564-98D6-FBE1FE9447D4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Scytodes caratinga
status

new species

Scytodes caratinga   new species

Figs. 56–58 View FIGURES 52 – 61. 52 – 55

Type material: Holotype: female from Santa Teresa [19 ° 57 ' S; 40 ° 31 ' W], Espírito Santo, Brazil, April – September 2005, T.G. Souza, deposited in IBSP 97222.

Paratype: BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Caratinga   [19 ° 46 ' S; 42 °07' W], Estação Biológica de Caratinga   , Fazenda Montes Claros, 1 Ƥ, 8 July 2001, E.O. Machado ( LACB 1171).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition that refers to the type locality of the paratype.

Diagnosis. Females of Scytodes caratinga   n.sp. are distinguished from those of the remaining Neotropical Scytodes   by the widely separated and slightly oval hyaline pockets with a large, slightly squared sclerotized area in the middle ( Fig. 48 View FIGURES 44 – 51. 44 – 47 ).

Description. Male unknown.

Female (Paratype, LACB 1171). Carapace orange, lighter at center, with brown pattern as shown on Fig. 56 View FIGURES 52 – 61. 52 – 55 . Chelicerae orange with large brown dorsal markings. Pedipalps yellow with brown markings. Labium brown. Endites pale yellow. Sternum yellow with brown markings in front of each coxae, extending towards the center. Legs orange. Femur I –IV with ventral pair of longitudinal, brown stripes. Tibia I –IV with median, transversal, brown band and brown extremities. Abdomen gray with faint black pattern ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 52 – 61. 52 – 55 ). Total length 5.1. Carapace domed, 2.3 long, 1.9 wide. Eye diameters: PME 0.12, ALE 0.12, PLE 0.14. Lateral eyes on a tubercle. Chelicerae with subapical hyaline keel and five stridulatory ridges. Labium 0.18 long, 0.26 wide. Sternum 1.14 long, 0.90 wide. Leg measurements: I: femur 2.9, patella 0.5, tibia 3.1, metatarsus 3.6, tarsus 0.6, total 10.7; II: 2.2, 0.5, 2.3, 2.6, 0.6, 8.2; III: 1.6, 0.5, 1.4, 1.6, 0.5, 5.6; IV: 2.3, 0.5, 2.0, 2.3, 0.6, 7.7. Palpal femur with stridulatory pick short and stout on rounded and projected socket. Epigynum with ridged positioning ridges, separated from each other by almost three times their width ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 52 – 61. 52 – 55 ). Vulva with rounded spermathecae on short stalks adjacent to widely separated, oval hyaline pockets with large, slightly square sclerotized region in the middle ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 52 – 61. 52 – 55 ). Abdomen 2.8 long, 3.1 wide, covered with slender hairs.

Variation. Two females: total length 4.2–5.1; femur I 2.8–2.9.

Distribution. Transition area between Atlantic Forest and Cerrado. Eastern state of Minas Gerais to Espírito Santo.

IBSP

Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Scytodidae

Genus

Scytodes