Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, 1851,

Rognes, Terry Whitworth With An Appendix By Knut & Whitworth, Terry, 2012, Identification of Neotropical blow flies of the genus Calliphora Robineau- Desvoidy (Diptera: Calliphoridae) with the description of a new species, Zootaxa 3209, pp. 1-27: 12-18

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.213088

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/184E433C-A500-FFD2-FF2E-8403CB84FAD8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, 1851
status

 

Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, 1851 

Figs. 2View FIGURE 2, 7View FIGURES 3 – 7, 12, 13View FIGURES 12 – 15, 20, 21View FIGURES 16 – 23, 30–32View FIGURES 24 – 35, 38View FIGURES 36 – 39, 42, 46View FIGURES 42 – 47

Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, 1851: 215  ; Shannon, 1926: 134; Mariluis and Peris, 1985: 82; Peris and Gonzalez-Mora, 1989: 185.

Calliphora peruviana: Hall, 1948: 301  , plate 27 (figs. J, K) (in part; description of “ peruviana  ” is that of a Neotropical Calliphora  species whereas the figures show the male genitalia of C. loewi  ; see below under Type information); James, 1970: 12; Baumgartner and Greenberg, 1985: 583. The true C. peruviana Robineau-Desvoidy  is treated here as a Lucilia  species; see Appendix for details.

Calliphora peruviana: James, 1970: 12  (misidentification).

Calliphora nigra Mello, 1974: 59  , n. syn.

Calliphora calcedoniae Mariluis, 1978: 51  ; Mariluis and Peris, 1985: 82 (synonymized with C. nigribasis  ).

Calliphora antojuanae Mariluis, 1982: 32  , n. syn.

Type information. Calliphora nigribasis Macquart (1851: 215)  was described from one or more males from “Columbie”. James P. Dear examined the single male in MNHN and recorded the label data as “ Colombie Parzudacki 1842 ” (from Dear’s unpublished notes on the “ holotype ”; further details are given in Nomenclatural Summary in Appendix). Type not examined. Hall (1948: 301) erred in citing two syntypes in MNHN, a male and a female (the nominal species was described from the male sex only) and in reporting Mexico as the type locality given on the labels. My concept of this species follows that of Shannon (1926), Mariluis and Peris (1985), and Peris and Gonzalez-Mora (1989).

Calliphora nigra Mello (1974: 59)  was described from two males and one female from Sur de Saraguro, Ecuador (including the male holotype and female allotype), and two females from a nearby location in Ecuador. Mello recognized the specimens as close to “ C. peruviana  R.-D.”, but he did not examine type material. He relied instead on Hall’s (1948) figures (plate 27, figs. J, K) of the genitalia of “ C. peruviana  ” to conclude that his specimens were a different species. Hall’s (1948: 301) description of “ C. peruviana  ” is that of a Neotropical Calliphora  species, but his figures are not those of the true C. peruviana  (which is a Lucilia  species, see Appendix). Neither are they C. nigribasis  , which Hall treated as a synonym of C. peruviana  . They appear to be the Holarctic species C. loewi Enderlein, 1903  , which Hall recognized as a valid species under the name C. morticia Shannon, 1923  (misspelled as “ mortica ” by Hall). Calliphora morticia  was synonymized with C. loewi  by Rognes (1991) and the latter was treated as a valid North American species by Whitworth (2006). The genitalia in Mello’s figures of C. nigra  closely resemble the genitalia of C. nigribasis  figured herein ( Figs. 12, 13View FIGURES 12 – 15), and on this basis I consider C. nigra  a synonym of C. nigribasis  , new synonymy.

Calliphora antojuanae Mariluis (1982: 32)  was described from a female holotype and two female paratypes from Pampa de Achala, near Cordoba, Argentina. The ovipositor sclerites of C. antojuanae  shown in Mariluis’ figures are very similar to those of C. nigribasis  illustrated herein ( Figs. 12, 13View FIGURES 12 – 15) and on this basis I consider C. antojuanae  a synonym of C. nigribasis  , new synonymy.

Diagnosis. Known primarily from high elevations in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Baumgartner and Greenberg (1985) recorded a specimen from 5008m. A specimen collected in Peru listed as found at 400ft may be an error. Calliphora nigribasis  can be separated from C. lopesi  , the only similar species in the region, as follows: C. nigribasis  usually with black genal groove versus orange in C. lopesi  ; rim of lower calypter and fringe reddish brown to brown versus white; male frons 0.102 (0.09–0.12/ 5) of head width versus 0.066 (0.06– 0.07/ 5); frons broader than first flagellomere versus narrower; surstylus and cercus shorter and broader versus longer and more slender; ST 5 of male very broad ( Fig. 38View FIGURES 36 – 39) versus normal width ( Fig. 37View FIGURES 36 – 39).

Description. Lower parafacial usually reddish; upper parafacial, genal dilation, genal groove and frontoorbital plate usually brown to black with silvery microtomentum; upper parafacial with a more or less distinct changeable spot; frontal vitta reddish to reddish brown; pedicel brown, apical edge orange, first flagellomere brown, basal portion reddish; occiput with a weak row of dark setae below strong postocular row, remainder of occiput with pale, silvery setae which can be seen just above the postgena; ocellar triangle medium in size, anterior ocellus usually slightly larger than posterior ocelli; facial ridge with row of strong supravibrissal setae on facial ridge ascending about 2 / 3 of way to antennal base; only two postsutural intra-alar setae; anterior and posterior thoracic spiracles brown; upper and lower calypters brown with brown to reddish brown fringe. Body length, males 9– 10mm, females slightly longer, 10–12mm.

Male. Frons broad, 0.102 (0.09–0.12/ 5) of head width at narrowest, clearly broader than width of first flagellomere; 1.5 (1.4–1.8/ 5) of first flagellomere; parafacial at narrowest 1.2 (1.0–1.3/ 5) of frons; 1.9 (1.7–1.9/ 5) of first flagellomere; gena to eye ratio 0.55 (0.50–0.58); frontal setae long and dark, ascending to just below median ocellus; fronto-orbital plates broad, almost meeting just anterior to ocellar triangle; upper parafacial with a changeable spot. Surstylus in lateral view short and relatively broad ( Fig. 12View FIGURES 12 – 15), cercus in posterior view broad and slightly shorter than surstylus ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 12 – 15). Phallus, hypandrium, pre- and postgonite, and ejaculatory sclerite as in Figs. 20, 21View FIGURES 16 – 23, 30–32View FIGURES 24 – 35. Sternites 3 and 4 slightly expanded, ST 5 ( Fig. 38View FIGURES 36 – 39) about twice the width of other species, except for C. maestrica  (Whitworth 2010, fig. 16).

Female. Frons 0.34 (0.32–0.36/ 5) of head width at narrowest; 5.4 (4.8–5.8/ 5) of first flagellomere; parafacial at narrowest 0.44 (0.40–. 47 / 5) of frons; 2.3 (2.1–2.5/ 5) of first flagellomere; gena to eye ratio 0.65 (0.62–0.68/ 5). A changeable spot midway on fronto-orbital plate and another on upper parafacial. T 5 sometimes with a notch on the rear margin, but no incision. Ovipositor and spermathecae as in Figs. 42, 46View FIGURES 42 – 47.

Specimens examined. 60 males, 25 females. Argentina (3 males): 1 male, Catamarca Province, Sierra de Ambro, 13 km nw Chumbica, 28 ° 50 '00''S 66 ° 24 ' 46 ''W, 700m, June 15, 1999, M.E. Erwin, F.D. Parker ( USU); 1 male, Catamarca, Cuesta Totoral, 1300m, Nov. 27, 1968, L.E. Peña ( CNC); 1 male, same data, except 6 km N. Aconquija, 1700m, Oct. 2, 1968. Bolivia (35 males): 2 males, El Limbo, Chapare Province, 65 ° 36 'W 17 °07'S, 2200m, Nov. 1963, F. Steinbach ( CNC); 1 male, same data, except Nov.–Dec., 1964; 2 males, same data, except Jan., 1964; 1 male, Chipiriri, Sept., 1962, T. Steinback ( CNC); 1 male, Chapare Yungas, Feb. 1–3, 1976, 2200m, L.E. Peña ( CNC); 1 male, Sillutincata, Yungas de La Paz, Jan. 20, 21, 1976, 2200–3000m, L.E. Peña ( CNC); 1 male, Siberia W. Comarapa,. Coch., Feb. 18, 19, 1976, 2500–2900m, L E. Peña ( CNC); 1 male Crystal Mayo, May, 1963, no collector ( CNC); 3 males, Paracti, Chapare, 2200m, Feb. 1–4, 1976, L.E. Peña ( CNC) 1 male, Chapare Province, M. Grunbaum, purchased 1966 (NHMLA); 1 male, 50 km w Chuliman, Nov. 26, 1951, Ross and Michelbacher ( WSU); 1 male, Cochabamaba Department, El Limbo, Nov., 1962, F.H. Walz (WSUP); 4 males, La Paz Department, La Paz, Oct. 4, 1972, G.E. Bohart ( USU); 1 male, Cochabamba Chapare, Villa Tunari; Cochabama Road, km 365, Dec. 9, 1996, 1800m, G. & M. Wood; 1 male, same data except km 396, Dec. 10, 1996, 2750m ( CNC). Colombia (4 males, 3 females): 1 male, Bogota, B. Guevara Coll. ( USNM); 2 males, Bogota, Feb.-Apr., 1915, Dr. A. Balfour, 1915 - 298; 1 male, 2 females, Villavicencio, Guatiquia Riv., 400ft, Nov-Dec., 1914 ( BMNH); 1 female, D. Balfour, ex. Wellcome Coll., B.M. 1990 - 107 ( BMNH). Ecuador (7 males, 13 females): 1 male, 1 female, Napo, 43 km, W. Baeza, 3500m, March 4–7, 1976, G.E. Shewell ( CNC); 2 males, Tarqui, Azuay, 2800m, March 16, 1965, L. Peña ( CNC); 1 female, Pichincha, 0° 26 'S 70 ° 40 'W, April 4, 1976, G.&M. Wood ( CNC); 1 female, km 52, S. of Cuenca, 3250m, March 21, 1965, L. Peña ( CNC); 3 females, San Isidro, Carchi, 2500m, June 23, 1965, L. Peña ( CNC); 4 females, Cerro Tinajillas, Azuay, March 18–21, 1965, 1965, 3100m, L. Peña ( CNC); 1 female, Pichincha province, Latacunga, Machachi, 3400m, May 12, 1976, flight trap, G.B. Fairchild ( FSCA); 3 males, 2 females, Napo, 8.5 km E. Papallacta, March 29, 1983, G.& M. Wood; 1 male, same data except March 26, 1983, 8.7 km E. of Papallacta ( CNC). Peru (10 males, 9 females): 1 male, Acolla District, cerca Jauja, 3460m, June, 1948, F. Blancas (WSUP); 1 male, Arequipa Department, Arequipa, 2500m, July 17, 1980, M. Szyska, B. Greenberg (BG); 1 male, Huanuco Department, 10 miles sw Las Palmas, 1000m, Sept, 17, 1954, E.I. Schlinger, E.S. Ross (WSUP); 1 female, Huarochiri Province, Chicla, March 9, 1977, B. Greenberg (BG); Junin Department; 1 male, Chuquisaca, June 21, 1980, D. Baumgartner, B. Greenberg (BG); 1 female, Huasahuasi, June 16, 1980, 2750m, fish and liver bait, B. Greenberg (BG); 2 males, 2 females, Junín Department, La Oroya, Dec. 12, 1979, M. Szyska (GB); 2 females, Palca, 2739m, June 17, 1980, D. Goodwin, B. Greenberg (BG); 2 males, 1 female, Queropuquio, 4177m, June 20, 1980, M. Szyska (BG); 1 female, Lima Department, Tambo de Viso, 2652m, Dec., 1981, D. Baumgartner (TAMU); 1 male, Lima Department, Matucana, June –July, 1913, 7300ft, C.T. Brues ( USNM); 1 male, Tarma Province, Dec. 14, 1977 (BG), 1 female, Tincocha, Aug., 1911, Yale Peruvian Expedition ( USNM). Venezuela: 1 male, Caracas, Sheraton Humboldt Hotel, Dec. 9, 1970, J.W. Boyes ( CNC).

Distribution. Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru. Baumgartner and Greenberg (1985) listed this species from these countries (as C. peruviana  ) as well as from Mexico and Costa Rica ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2). Calliphora nigribasis  does not occur in the latter two countries; records of this species from those areas are likely based on misidentified C. irazuana  or C. triseta  . Baumgartner and Greenberg (1985) commented that in Peru C. nigribasis  is eurythermal, occurring over a wide range of habitats from low montane to snowy upper areas above 1300m on eastern slopes and above 2650m on western slopes. They also reported a specimen taken at 5008m. They considered C. nigribasis  hemisynanthropic, and found it around man as well as in remote undeveloped areas.

Discussion. The external features of this species can overlap with those of C. irazuana  in the key, see discussion under C. irazuana  . Normally the strong third postsutural intra-alar seta in C. triseta  and distinct male genitalia will readily separate them.

Hall (1948) used C. peruviana Robineau-Desvoidy  as the valid name for this species. Later, Mariluis and Peris (1985: 82) used C. nigribasis  as the valid name, rejecting the former use of Robineau-Desvoidy’s name C. peruviana  . The identity of C. peruviana  is discussed in detail in the Appendix. Macquart (1851: 216) also described a Calliphora peruviana  . It is not a Calliphora  , it is Neta chilensis (Walker, 1837)  (see Appendix).

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

USU

Utah State University

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

WSU

Washington State University

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Calliphoridae

Genus

Calliphora

Loc

Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, 1851

Rognes, Terry Whitworth With An Appendix By Knut & Whitworth, Terry 2012
2012
Loc

Calliphora antojuanae

Mariluis 1982: 32
1982
Loc

Calliphora antojuanae

Mariluis 1982: 32
1982
Loc

Calliphora calcedoniae

Mariluis 1978: 51
1978
Loc

Calliphora nigra

Mello 1974: 59
1974
Loc

Calliphora nigra

Mello 1974: 59
1974