Scorpaena papillosa ergastulorum Richardson, 1842a, Richardson, 1842

Wibowo, Kunto & Motomura, Hiroyuki, 2020, Review of the Scorpaena papillosa species complex (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae) with description of a new species from southwestern Australia, Zootaxa 4852 (5), pp. 527-546: 530-532

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4852.5.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5DE48C24-B9B4-41D3-8AA3-F94C669EE938

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4504555

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1B1A0E56-FFC1-F145-8AFE-C5A0FBA7FE4B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Scorpaena papillosa ergastulorum Richardson, 1842a
status

 

Scorpaena papillosa ergastulorum Richardson, 1842a  

English name: Southern Red Scorpionfish

Figures 3 View FIGURE 3 C–D, 4, 6, 7A–F; Tables 1–3

Scorpaena ergastulorum Richardson, 1842a: 217   (type locality: Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia); McCulloch 1929: 383 (in part, Australia).

Scorpaena militaris Richardson, 1842b: 90   (type locality: Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia) (error as " miles   " in Richardson 1843: 18); Richardson 1845: 22, pl. 14, figs. 1–2 (coast of Van Diemen`s Land, Tasmania, Australia).

Scorpaena cruenta   (not Solander in Richardson): Gunther 1860: 112 (in part, coast of Van Diemen`s Land, Tasmania, Australia); Bleeker 1863: 446 ( Port Jackson , New South Wales, Australia); Macleay 1881: 430 ( Port Jackson , Port Phillip, Tasmania, Australia); Waite 1898: 36 (New South Wales, Australia); Waite 1899: 99 (New South Wales, Australia); McCulloch 1912: 17 ( Port Jackson , New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia); McCulloch 1922: 116 (New South Wales, Australia); Mc-Culloch 1926: 36 (Shell Harbour and Narooma, New South Wales and eastern coast of Tasmania, Australia).

Ruboralga cardinalis   (not Solander & Richardson in Richardson): Whitley 1968: 84 (in part, Australia).

Scorpaena papillosa: Kuiter 1993: 120   (coast of southeastern Australia); Kuiter 1997: 86 ( Australia); Motomura et al. 2005b: 867 View Cited Treatment (in part, Australia); Johnson & Motomura 2008: 488 (southern coast of Australia).

Specimens examined. 85 specimens, 24.5–148.7 mm SL. New South Wales: AMS I. 6747, 78.3 mm SL, Port Jackson , 33°51′S, 151°16′E, 10 Jul. 1886 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 16849-024, 2, 81.1–99.1 mm SL, Murrays Head, Jervis Bay , 35°08′S, 150°45′E, 2–9 m, D. Pollard et al., 30 Oct. 1971 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 16851-034, 47.0 mm SL, southwest of Bowen Island, Jervis Bay , 35°07′S, 150°46′E, D. Pollard & P. Straw, 2 May 1972 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 16898-001, 1 of 5, 92.7 mm SL, off Darling Road, Jervis Bay , 35°03′S, 150°44′E, 18–20 m, D. Pollard, 22 Sep. 1971 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 19258-001, 85.8 mm SL, off Sydney , 34°00′S, 151°14′E, R. Kuiter, 3 Oct. 1976 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 21774-037, 57.8 mm SL, south of Batemans Bay , 35°47′S, 150°13′E, 0–1 m, D. Hoese et al., 21 Feb. 1976 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 25280-002, 8, 91.9–130.2 mm SL, off Green Cape , 37°16′48″S, 150°04′48″E, 84–95 m, bottom trawl, FRV Kapala   , 22 Nov. 1984 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 28556-002, 3, 59.2–63.6 mm SL, Jervis Bay & Murrays Beach, 35°03′00″S, 150°43′48″E, bottom trawl, M. Lincoln-Smith, May 1988 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 28732-007, 5 of 7, 26.7–90.5 mm SL, Bittangabee Bay , 37°13′12″S, 150°01′06″E, 1.5 m, AMS Party, 6 Apr. 1989 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 28738-002, 10, 24.5–102.5 mm SL, Bittangabee Bay , 37°13′S, 150°00′E, 0–4 m, AMS Party, 8 Apr. 1989 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 30425-002, 108.4 mm SL, northeast of Tathra , 36°37–40′S, 150°09–10′E, 108–111 m, FRV Kapala   , 23 Nov. 1984   ; AMS I. 34520-001, 2, 96.6–128.4 mm SL, off Green Cape , 37°19–22′S, 150°17–18′E, 137–141 m, FRV Kapala   , 14 Mar. 1993   ; AMS I. 45027-036, 1 of 5, 76.0 mm SL, AMS I. 45027-037, 3 of 5, 28.8–69.1 mm SL, Mollymook, Jones Beach , 35°19′19″S, 150°29′00″E, 0–4 m, M. McGrouther, 11 Mar. 2010 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 45133-003, 2, 56.9–68.5 mm SL, Sydney Harbour , 33°50′52.8″S, 151°17′06.0″E, Macquarie University Fish Class, 23 Sep. 1972 GoogleMaps   ; CSIRO A 826 View Materials , 82.6 mm SL, Eden , 37°05′S, 149°55′E, 23 May 1950 GoogleMaps   ; CSIRO CA 602, 52.8 mm SL, Botany Bay , Oct. 1977   ; CSIRO H 3537-02 View Materials , 2 View Materials , 79.6–102.7 mm SL, south of Disaster Bay, 37°22–24′S, 149°58′E, 42–44 m, A. Graham, FRV Southern Surveyor , 13 Aug. 1993   ; CSIRO H 4251-04 View Materials , 2 View Materials , 80.4–85.9 mm SL, precise locality unknown   ; KAUM–I. 47217, 86.3 mm SL, KAUM–I. 47218, 81.2 mm SL, KAUM–I. 47219, 74.7 mm SL, Kianinny Boat Ramp, Tathra , 36°44′15″S, 149°58′59″E, 0.5–4.5 m, AMS Party, 9 Apr. 2008 GoogleMaps   . Victoria: AMS I. 19248-007, 109.9 mm SL, Port Phillip , 38°19′S, 144°43′E, 5 m, S. Parish & R. Kuiter, 16 Jun. 1976 GoogleMaps   . Tasmania: AMS IA. 4107, 81.2 mm SL, AMS IA. 4108, 66.3 mm SL, d’Entrecasteaux Channel , 43°15′S, 147°16′E, 9 m, M. Ward, Oct. 1929 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 9260, 119.7 mm SL, Port Arthur , 43°09′S, 147°51′E, C. Hedley, 1908 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 14197, 66.9 mm SL, Wedge Bay, Hobart , 43°07′S, 147°41′E, 9–18 m, C. Hedley, 13 Apr. 1917 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 17193-009, 1 of 4, 81.0 mm SL, Wedge Bay, off Maydeena , 43°07′S, 147°40′E, 7 m, T. Garrard, May 1966 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 17550-011, 5, 46.7–141.3 mm SL, north of Port Arthur , 43°00′S, 147°46′E, 0–2 m, D. Hoese & W. Ivanstoff, 2 Dec. 1972 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 17551-012, 1 of 5, 115.5 mm SL, Port Arthur , 43°09′S, 147°51′E, 1 m, D. Hoese & W. Ivanstoff, 2 Dec. 1972 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 17554-010, 2, 56.9–57.3 mm SL, south of Boat Harbour, Bicheno , 41°53′S, 148°18′E, 1 m, D. Hoese & W. Ivanstoff, 5 Dec. 1972 GoogleMaps   ; AMS I. 17576-009, 116.3 mm SL, the Gardens, north of Binalong Bay, 1 m, D. Hoese & W. Ivanstoff , 6 Dec. 1972   ; AMS I. 17905-001, 107.0 mm SL, off Erith Island , 39°27′S, 147°18′E, 5 m, N. Coleman, 10 May 1974 GoogleMaps   ; BMNH 1875.11.12.26, 148.7 mm SL, precise locality unknown   ; BMNH 2004.8.2.1, 116.6 mm SL, Port Arthur   ; CSIRO B 1531 View Materials , 4 View Materials , 72.8–82.9 mm SL, east of Cape Barren Island , 40°19′S, 148°41′E, 60 m, 12 Nov. 1978 GoogleMaps   ; CSIRO H 678-1 View Materials , 72.2 mm SL, off Rocky Cape , 46 m, 16 Oct. 1986   ; CSIRO T 1071, 147.2 mm SL, off Fossil Island , 43°02′S, 147°57′E, M. McGeary, 14 Sep. 1980 GoogleMaps   ; CSIRO T 1115, 66.5 mm SL, Frederick Henry Bay, S. Bell   ; CSIRO T 1281, 2 View Materials , 72.8 View Materials –77.0 mm SL, northeast coast of Flinders Island, R. Green , 24 Apr. 1980   ; CSIRO T 1402-02, 132.8 mm SL, southern Tasmania, K. Harris , 2 Feb. 1980   ; CSIRO T 1705, 3 View Materials , 65.0– 90.5 mm SL, Point Home Lookout, Mercury Passage , 42°33′S, 147°57′E, B. Hutchins, 19 Feb. 1982 GoogleMaps   ; CSIRO T 2001-01, 61.7 mm SL, Waterhouse Point, Dusky Reef , 40°49′S, 147°11′E, 3 m, P. Last, 6 Jan. 1974 GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. A subspecies of Scorpaena   distinguished from other members of the S. papillosa   complex by the following combination of characters (all morphometrics based on specimens less than 70 mm SL): pectoral-fin rays 15–17 (mode 16); scale rows in longitudinal series 41–47 (44 or 45); scale rows above lateral line 4–7 (6), below 10–14 (12); scale rows between 6th dorsal-spine base and lateral line 5–7 (5 or 6), between last dorsal-spine base and lateral line 4–7 (5); body depth 29.0–37.6 (mean 33.1) % of SL; upper-jaw length 16.8–20.0 (18.6) % of SL; maxilla depth 4.4–6.1 (5.0) % of SL; postorbital length 17.0–20.2 (18.4) % of SL; least distance between interorbital ridges 0.8–1.7 (1.3) % of SL; 1st anal-fin spine length 9.3–11.8 (10.6) % of SL; anterior lacrimal spine simple or with 1–3 additional spinous points on posterior margin; a single united or two separated pores behind lower jaw symphysial knob; supraocular tentacle tiny or small (usually tiny); all fins of preserved specimens usually blackish or yellowish-brown with many small blackish spots on soft rayed portions; largest recorded specimen 148.7 mm SL.

Distribution. Distributed off southeastern Australia, from Port Jackson, New South Wales (33°S) to the south coast of Tasmania (43°S) ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ) (based on specimens examined in this study). The westernmost specimen-based record of the subspecies (NMV A 11578 View Materials ) is Port Lincoln, Spencer Gulf, South Australia (34°44′25″S, 135°53′04″E) (M. Gomon, pers. comm.). Specimens examined in this study had been collected from shallow rocky reef to deep water habitats at depths between 0–141 m (most commonly in depths less than 25 m).

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

CSIRO

Australian National Fish Collection

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Scorpaeniformes

Family

Scorpaenidae

Genus

Scorpaena

Loc

Scorpaena papillosa ergastulorum Richardson, 1842a

Wibowo, Kunto & Motomura, Hiroyuki 2020
2020
Loc

Scorpaena papillosa: Kuiter 1993: 120

Johnson, J. W. & Motomura, H. 2008: 488
Motomura, H. & Paulin, C. D. & Stewart, A. L. 2005: 867
Kuiter, R. H. 1997: 86
Kuiter, R. H. 1993: 120
1993
Loc

Ruboralga cardinalis

Whitley, G. P. 1968: 84
1968
Loc

Scorpaena cruenta

McCulloch, A. R. 1922: 116
McCulloch, A. R. 1912: 17
Waite, E. R. 1899: 99
Waite, E. R. 1898: 36
Macleay, W. 1881: 430
Bleeker, P. 1863: 446
Gunther, A. 1860: 112
1860
Loc

Scorpaena ergastulorum

McCulloch, A. R. 1929: 383
Richardson, J. 1842: 217
1842
Loc

Scorpaena militaris

Richardson, J. 1845: 22
Richardson, J. 1843: 18
Richardson, J. 1842: 90
1842