Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata ( Hartmann-Schroeder , 1979),

Faulwetter, Sarah, Chatzigeorgiou, Georgios, Galil, Bella S. & Arvanitidis, Christos, 2011, An account of the taxonomy and distribution of Syllidae (Annelida, Polychaetes) in the eastern Mediterranean, with notes on the genus Prosphaerosyllis San Martin, 1984 in the Mediterranean, ZooKeys 150, pp. 281-326: 288

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scientific name

Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata ( Hartmann-Schroeder , 1979)


Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata ( Hartmann-Schroeder, 1979) 

Sphaerosyllis longipapillata  Hartmann-Schröder, 1979: 106, figs 148-150; 1982: 71; 1984: 23; 1985: 71; 1986: 43; 1991: 40; Çinar et al. 2003: 757, fig. 5.

Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata  : San Martín 2005: 61, figs 17 a–g, 18 a–h.

Material examined.

Haifa Bay, Israel: ALA-IL-7 (2 ind.) [coll. 11.10.2009].


Material examined.

Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata  ( Hartmann-Schröder, 1979)(Department of Hydrobiology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey, specimen reported in Çinar etal. 2003, Cyprus, Station D13: 1 individual [Label: Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata  , Cyprus]).

Type locality.

Broome, north-west Australia.


Australia, Mediterranean Sea: LB. New record for the Israeli coast.


Intertidal to 466 m depth ( San Martín 2005), euryoceous, found on hard substrates with Sargassum vulgare  ( Çinar etal. 2003, San Martín 2005).


The specimens from Israel agree well with the material and description of Çinar et al., 2003). However, both the material from Cyprus and Israel, as well as the description and illustrations of San Martín (2005), differ from Hartmann-Schröder’s (1979) original description by the presence of dorsal papillae on the anterior chaetigers. Hartmann-Schröder (1979) reports "four long, threadlike papillae at the height of the parapodia and from chaetiger 7 onwards in pairs in a dorsal row between the parapodia". Furthermore, the Mediterranean material differs from the original description of Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata  and from San Martín’s (2005) description by having alternating rows of long and short papillae on the dorsum ( Çinar et al. 2003, fig. 5). These two characteristics are reported however for Prosphaerosyllis bilineata  (Kudenov and Harris, 1995) from California. To determine the identity of the Mediterranean material and whether Prosphaerosyllis bilineata  and Prosphaerosyllis longipapillata  are different species or not, careful examination of all type material is needed.