Bracon Fabricius, 1804

Samartsev, Konstantin & Ku, Deok-Seo, 2021, New records of Braconinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from South Korea, Journal of Hymenoptera Research 83, pp. 21-72: 21

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Bracon Fabricius, 1804


Genus Bracon Fabricius, 1804  


The subgeneric classification of the genus requires revision. Most of the Palaearctic species of Bracon   are arranged in three subgenera, Bracon   s. str., Glabrobracon   Fahringer, and Lucobracon   Fahringer ( Tobias 1986). The species that may be unambiguously attributed to one of the discussed subgenera are more common in the West Palaearctic, but classification of a big part of species is difficult, because they frequently combine diagnostic characters of different subgenera. For example, some of otherwise obvious members of Glabrobracon   have the wide hypostomal depression (one of the main characters of the subgenus Glabrobracon Lucobracon   , e.g. B. brevis   Telenga and B. otiosus   Marshall), others have the enlarged basitarsi (characterising the section Orthobracon   Fahringer of the subgenus Orthobracon Bracon   ; e.g. B. pauris   Beyarslan and B. rozneri   Papp). This ambiguity of subgeneric diagnoses caused instability of composition of the main subgenera in interpretation by different authors. For example, the type species of the genus, B. minutator   (Fabricius), in violation of the Principle of Coordination has been placed in the section Orthobracon   of the subgenus Orthobracon Bracon   by Tobias (1986) and together with the most part of the latter section has been transferred to the subgenus Orthobracon Glabrobracon   by Papp (2008). These problems are most noticeable in the Far Eastern species which morphological peculiarity has rendered the diagnoses of the main subgenera very diffused and almost inapplicable ( Tobias and Belokobylskij 2000). Thus, until reliable criteria of the subgeneric division of Bracon   are established, we consider the species of Glabrobracon   and Lucobracon   in the nominative subgenus.