Gilligan, Todd M., Brown, John W. & Hoddle, Mark S., 2011, A new avocado pest in Central America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) with a key to Lepidoptera larvae threatening avocados in California, Zootaxa 3137, pp. 31-45: 42

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.204440

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Other Lepidoptera  pests

Other species of Lepidoptera  have been occasionally recorded on avocado in California (M. Epstein, pers. comm.); although we are unaware of other species reaching pest status in the state. Noctuidae  , Arctiinae  , Papilionidae  , Hesperiidae  , and Psychidae  have been reported on avocado in México ( Waite and Barrera 2002, USDA 2004); however, these species, where known, are not present in California. It is conceivable that any highly polyphagous species of Lepidoptera  would feed on avocado if given an opportunity as many of the known pests are general feeders.


United States Department of Agriculture