Bittacus flavescens Klug, 1838,

Machado, Renato Jose Pires, Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello & Rafael, José Albertino, 2018, The genus Bittacus Latreille (Insecta: Mecoptera) in Brazil: key to species, distribution maps, new synonym, and three new species, Zootaxa 4526 (3), pp. 303-330: 318

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4526.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:68ADEE66-00B7-4370-BF57-07C118ACDEB0

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/200587D4-FFB6-285F-FF4D-FF6E2AE9A0E5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Bittacus flavescens Klug, 1838
status

 

Bittacus flavescens Klug, 1838 

( Figs. 1cView FIGURE 1, 8jView FIGURE 8, 12cView FIGURE 12)

Bittacus flavescens: Klug, 1838:99  ; Esben-Petersen, 1921:151; Souza-Lopes & Mangabeira, 1942:335; Penny & Byers, 1979b:368; Machado et al., 2009:36; Machado, 2018.

Klugius flavescens: Navás, 1926:13  .

Thyridates flavescens: Willmann, 1983:51  ; Collucci & Amorim, 2000:7.

Bittacus affinis: Westwood, 1846:194  ; Esben-Petersen, 1921:151 synonymized.

Holotype: Bittacus flavescens  : male: ZMHB (high resolution images examined); Bittacus affinis  sex unknown: NHM (not examined). Species also known from Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina (new record), São Paulo ( Fig. 12cView FIGURE 12).

Bittacus flavescens  seems to be restricted to the region of the Atlantic rain forest in Brazil, but with a wide distribution within this area ( Souza Lopes & Mangabeira 1942; Byers 2004; Machado et al. 2009). The species was the only one in Brazil to have a synonym, B. affinis  , described based on one specimen with a label only stating Brazil. Walker (1853) mentioned another specimen of B. affinis  in the NHM from Pará state; however, it might have been the result of a misidentification based on the current distribution of B. flavescens  . Unfortunately, neither specimen was examined during the current study. Another dubious record for B. flavescens  was given by Esben- Petersen (1921), one specimen with the abdomen broken, from Puerto Cabello ( Venezuela). Navás (1926) erected the genus Klugius  and defined B. flavescens  as the type species. However, the genus was based on a weak character (pterostigma broad basally and thin apically) and therefore, Klugius  was always considered as a synonym of Bittacus  by subsequent authors ( Souza Lopes & Mangabeira 1942; Penny & Byers 1979a, b; Willmann 1983).

Examined specimens. Brazil: Rio de Janeiro: Mury, Nova Friburgo , 12.xi.1970, Gred & Guimarães det. (1? MZSP)  ; Santa Catarina: Nova Teutonia [Seara today], 27°11’B–52°23’L, x.1969, Fritz Plaumann (1♀ INPA)  ; idem—xi.1969 (1♀ INPA)  ; idem—xii.1969 (2♀ INPA)  ; Seara, 16.xii.1977, ND Penny (1♂ INPA)  .

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mecoptera

Family

Bittacidae

Genus

Bittacus

Loc

Bittacus flavescens Klug, 1838

Machado, Renato Jose Pires, Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello & Rafael, José Albertino 2018
2018
Loc

Thyridates flavescens:

Collucci, E. & Amorim, D. S. 2000: 7
Willmann, R. 1983: 51
1983
Loc

Klugius flavescens: Navás, 1926 :13

Navas, L. 1926: 13
1926
Loc

Bittacus affinis: Westwood, 1846 :194

Esben-Petersen, P. 1921: 151
Westwood, J. O. 1846: 194
1846
Loc

Bittacus flavescens: Klug, 1838 :99

Machado, R. J. P. & Godoi, F. S. P. & Rafael, J. A. 2009: 36
Penny, N. D. & Byers, G. W. 1979: 368
Souza Lopes, H. de & Mangabeira, O. 1942: 335
Esben-Petersen, P. 1921: 151
Klug, J. C. F. 1838: 99
1838