Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb.

Applequist, Wendy L., 2016, A reconsideration of the infrageneric classification of Homalium Jacq. (Salicaceae), Candollea 71 (2), pp. 231-256 : 252-253

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https://doi.org/ 10.15553/c2016v712a9



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Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb.


4. Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb.

in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. III(6a): 36. 1893.

÷ Myriantheia Thouars , Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 21. 1806. ÷ Homalium View in CoL [unranked as §] Myriantheia (Thouars) Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 576. 1886 [as Myrianthea ]. ÷ Homalium sect. Myriantheia (Thouars) Kuntze in Post & Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan., Prop.: 285. 1903 [as Myriantheja].

Typus: Homalium laxiflorum (Tul.) Baill. View in CoL Myriantheia laxiflora Tul. View in CoL ) (designated by Sleumer, 1973: 315).

Stipules axillary, free. Inflorescences racemose or paniculate; bracts ovate to deltoid, sometimes broadly, of small to moderate size; bracteoles usually 2 per flower, often borne on pedicel (1 per flower, or absent or rapidly caducous). Flowers pedicellate with pedicels articulated (in H. trigynum sessile or short-pedicellate); perianth 4-5(-6)-merous. Sepals oblong to elliptical, ovate or obovate, sometimes narrowly (oblanceolate), very little accrescent; calyx tube funnelform, in fruit becoming convex to cup-shaped or nearly hemispherical (in H. trigynum short-cylindrical or turbinate becoming broadly ellipsoid in fruit); sepal glands usually large, oblong to elliptical or irregularly trapezoid (semicircular), sometimes elevated. Petals obovate to oblanceolate (in H. trigynum to spatulate), similar to sepals in length or up to twice as long, spreading or ascending at anthesis, very little accrescent; sepals and petals not ciliate (appearing ciliolate in conjunction with overall surface indument). Stamens 3 (aberrantly 4, in H. boinense H. Perrier 5) per petal, inserted between glands; anthers dorsifixed, broadly oblong-elliptical with oblong-elliptical locules and a large connective, the slits of dehiscence nearly parallel. Upper surface of ovary conical, usually shallowly, to nearly flat in flower, in fruit sometimes becoming convex; styles 3-5, free to base or near base. Locule of fruit subglobose (in H. trigynum ellipsoid and partly filled with spongy tissue), glabrous (sparsely pubescent); seeds sometimes 1 (to 2) per fruit, large and subglobose to ellipsoid (possibly at least 4 in H. nobile Baill. ).

Distribution. – Madagascar.

Species included. – Homalium boinense , H. brevipedunculatum Scott-Elliot , H. capuronii Sleumer , H. dorrii Appleq. , H. graciliflorum Sleumer , H. laxiflorum , H. maringitra H. Perrier , H. nobile , H. oppositifolium (Tul.) Baill. , H. pseudoboinense Appleq. , H. pulchrum Sleumer , H. randrianasoloi Appleq. , H. ranomafanicum Appleq. , H. schatzii Appleq. , H. trigynum .

Notes. – Sleumer (1973) wrongly corrected the name of Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia to “sect. Myriantheia ” and presumed it to have been based upon Thouars’ Myriantheia . The two were not nomenclatural synonyms, but because he explicitly treated them as such, he effectively designated the same type for both simultaneously.

Homalium trigynum has some unusual features that are similar to features common in sect. Blackwellia , which also occurs in Madagascar (see discussion above); molecular data regarding its relationships would be of interest. A recent revision describes five new species in the section ( Applequist, 2016).












Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb.

Applequist, Wendy L. 2016


Kuntze 1903: 285
Baill. 1886: 576
Thouars 1806: 21
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