Sharpia madibai, Haran, Julien M., 2021

Haran, Julien M., 2021, The Smicronychini of southern Africa (Coleoptera, Curculionidae): Review of the tribe and description of 12 new species, European Journal of Taxonomy 735, pp. 34-73: 36-38

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Sharpia madibai

sp. nov.

Sharpia madibai   sp. nov.

Figs 1A View Fig , 3A View Fig , 5A View Fig ; Table 1 View Table 1

Differential diagnosis

Sharpia madibai   sp. nov. is mostly similar to S. soluta Faust, 1885   , a species widely distributed in the Mediterranean region on Convolvulus dorycnium Linnaeus, 1759   ( Friedman 2017). It can be distinguished from it by the absence of spots of white scales in the middle of interstria 2–3 ( S. soluta   shows such spots), and by the shape of the penis very elongate [ratio w/l: 0.15] with a series of small

erect setae on sides in S. madibai   sp. nov., moderately elongate in S. soluta   (ratio w/l: 0.25) and bare of setae).


This species is dedicated to Nelson Mandela ʻMadibaʼ for the role he played in the history of the Republic of South Africa.

Material examined

Holotype REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♂; “ S. Africa. Tvl. [Mpumalanga Province]; Kruger N. Pk. [National Park] nr. Satara; 15-18.XII. 1985; H. & A. Howden ” / “HOLOTYPE; Sharpia madibai   ; Haran 2021”; SAMC.  

Paratypes REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA • 1 ♂; same collection data as for holotype; CMNC   2 ♂♂; Kruger National Park, Lower Sabie ; 14 Dec. 1985; M. Sanborne leg.; sweeping; CMNC   1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; 16 Dec. 1985; M. Sanborne leg.; sweeping; CMNC   1 ♂; Northern Cape Province, Witsand Nature Reserve ; 28.33 S, 22.29 E; alt. 1165 m; 6 Feb. 2012; R. Müller leg.; at light; TMSA GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Limpopo Province, Atherstone Nature Reserve , 20 km west Dwaalboom; 24.36 S, 26.46 E; 17 Apr. 1999; M. Stiller leg.; SANC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Northern Cape Province, Tsawu , Nas. K. W.; 17 Mar. 1970; H.A.D. van Schalkwyk leg.; SANC   1 ♂; Northern Cape Province, Tswalu Kalahari Reserve , road between hills; 27°15.387′ S; 22°27.810′ E; 31 Oct. 2018; R. Borovec leg.; FFWS GoogleMaps   .

NAMIBIA • 1 ♂; Weldevrede Guest Farm ; 24.10 S, 15.58 E; alt. 1105 m; 11–13 Feb. 2010; R. Müller leg.; TMSA GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Kaokoveld Ohopoho town ; 18.03 S, 13.48 E; 13 Feb. 1975; Endrödy and Schulze leg.; at light; TMSA GoogleMaps   .


BODY LENGTH. 2.4–3.0 mm.

COLOUR. Body integument reddish brown; vestiture consisting of imbricated scales, polygonal, shiny, completely concealing the integument, scales dark brown, pale brown and white, with white scales generally condensed along the median line of prothorax, forming a white band in the middle of 4 th interstria and near apex of interstria 1–3.

HEAD. Rostrum as long as head + prothorax and regularly downcurved in lateral view, thicker than protibiae in dorsal view, densely punctuate and striate (♂), smooth with small punctures in apical half (♀), basal ¾ (♂) or basal half (♀) of upper side bearing dense cover of pale brown scales, upper side of scrobes forming a carina slightly expanding basally near eyes; transverse furrow at base of rostrum narrow, shiny, bare of scales, with two spots of erect white scales on side near eyes; head capsule short, densely covered with scales; antennae inserted at apical ⅓ (♂) or near middle of length (♀) with segment 1 longer than 2 + 3, 4 isodiametric, segments 5–7 wider than long.

PROTHORAX. Slightly wider than long (ratio w/l: 1.02), widest in basal ⅓ of length, greatly narrowed at apex, integument concealed with rounded, almost hexagonal scales, and few scattered suberect, elongate, white scales oriented toward the centre of prothorax.

ELYTRA. Sides subparallel in basal ¾, slightly expanding toward middle of length, widest near middle (ratio w/l: 0.71), humeri raised; declivital callosities on interval 5 present but weak, followed by a depression; striae narrow, ½–¾ width of interstriae; interstriae flat, shiny, bearing two series of imbricated scales and one series of suberect elongate scales; scutellum very small.

ABDOMEN. Underside densely covered with white and grey, elliptical, overlapping scales.

LEGS. Femora clavate, unarmed; tibiae straight, unarmed, slightly bisinuate on ventral side; claws equal in length.

GENITALIA. Body of penis very elongate (ratio w/l: 0.15), 2× as long as apodemes, sides slightly convex, widest near basal ⅓, straight and converging toward apex in apical ¾, apex rounded, curvature in lateral view weak, mainly in basal half ( Fig. 5A View Fig ).

Life history

Host plant unknown, adults collected by sweeping vegetation. Sharpia Tournier, 1873   spp. are commonly collected on perennial non-parasitic Convolvulaceae   .


Namibia, Republic of South Africa (Kruger National Park, Northern Cape Province).


South Africa, Cape Town, Iziko Museum of Capetown (formerly South African Museum)


Canada, Ottawa, Canadian Museum of Nature


South Africa, Gauteng, Pretoria, Transvaal Museum


South Africa, Pretoria, South African National Collection of Insects


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


Transvaal Museum


Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute