Aylacini, Ashmead, 1903

Buffington, Matthew L., Forshage, Mattias, Liljeblad, Johan, Tang, Chang-Ti & Noort, Simon van, 2020, World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera): A Key to Higher- Level Groups, Insect Systematics and Diversity 4 (2020), No. 1, pp. 1-69 : 38-39

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1093/isd/ixaa003

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/2712E307-A944-C21B-FF67-F973FB3AF94A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Aylacini
status

 

Aylacini

Figs. 193 View Plate 5 –195

Ronquist (1994) argued that this tribe, as it was circumscribed, was not monophyletic, and formed the basal lineages of Cynipidae . Following this, Liljeblad and Ronquist (1998) presented more robust data to support splitting up Aylacini , but no action was taken until Ronquist et al. (2015). We now recognize this tribe as being restricted to species galling Papaver in the Palearctic region. Several taxa previously classified in this tribe can now be

found in Aulacideini , Phanacidini , and Diastrophini . These taxa all shared the trait of being gallers of herbs and other non-woody plants; Ronquist et al. (2015) concluded that these are unrelated host shifts.

Biology. Gall inducers on Papaver in the Palearctic Region.

Distribution. Palearctic Region. Occasionally intercepted on plants being imported to North America; possibly introduced into other regions ( Buffington , personal observation).

Relevant literature. Ronquist et al. (2015) circumscribed our current recognition of this tribe and summarized the biology; Ronquist (1994) and Liljeblad and Ronquist (1998) treated the group phylogenetically based on morphology. Nieves-Aldrey (1994) treated Thomson’s Aylacini , many of which are now in Aulacideini . Melika (2006) reviewed the western Palearctic fauna.

Classification.

Aylacini Ashmead, 1903

Aylax Hartig, 1840 ; 20 species PA, introduced NA

Barbotinia Nieves-Aldrey, 1994 ; 1 species wPA

Iraella Nieves-Aldrey, 1994 ; 3 species wPA

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Cynipidae

Loc

Aylacini

Buffington, Matthew L., Forshage, Mattias, Liljeblad, Johan, Tang, Chang-Ti & Noort, Simon van 2020
2020
Loc

Barbotinia

Nieves-Aldrey 1994
1994
Loc

Iraella

Nieves-Aldrey 1994
1994