Phanacidini, Nieves-Aldrey, Nylander & Ronquist, 2015

Buffington, Matthew L., Forshage, Mattias, Liljeblad, Johan, Tang, Chang-Ti & Noort, Simon van, 2020, World Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera): A Key to Higher- Level Groups, Insect Systematics and Diversity 4 (2020), No. 1, pp. 1-69 : 47

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1093/isd/ixaa003

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/2712E307-A94F-C213-FF67-FB10FAF9F9AF

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Phanacidini
status

 

Phanacidini

Figs. 219 View Plate 13 –222

Much like the Aulacideini , members of Phanacidini are herb gallers on Asteraceae . The phylogenetic analysis of Ronquist et al. (2015) found these species, previously included in Aylacini , rendered that tribe polyphyletic. Hence, these species were removed into the novel tribe Phanacidini .

Biology. Mostly stem gall inducers on Asteraceae , with a few species on Lamiaceae and Apiaceae .

Distribution. Palearctic Region, most species in arid Southwest & Central Asia. Phanacis recorded from Kenya presumably introduced; intentionally introduced into Australia and South Africa for weed biological control.

Relevant literature. Ronquist et al. (2015) is the most recent treatment of the group; Ronquist (1995b, 1999) discusses issues with the placement of genera now found in this tribe.

Classification.

Phanacidini Nieves-Aldrey, Nylander & Ronquist, 2015

Asiocynips Kovalev, 1982 ; 4 species central Asia Diakontschukia Melika 2006 ; 1 species ePA

Phanacis Förster, 1869 ; 30 species PA, introduced AT, NA Zerovia Dyakontshuk, 1988 ; 1 species central Asia

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Cynipidae

Loc

Phanacidini

Buffington, Matthew L., Forshage, Mattias, Liljeblad, Johan, Tang, Chang-Ti & Noort, Simon van 2020
2020
Loc

Phanacidini

Nieves-Aldrey, Nylander & Ronquist 2015
2015
Loc

Diakontschukia

Melika 2006
2006
Loc

Zerovia

Dyakontshuk 1988
1988
Loc

Asiocynips

Kovalev 1982
1982
Loc

Phanacis Förster, 1869

Forster 1869
1869