Uroptychus perpendicularis,

Baba, Keiji, 2018, Chirostylidae of the Western and Central Pacific: Uroptychus and a new genus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos (Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 212), pp. 1-612: 392-394

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Uroptychus perpendicularis

n. sp.

Uroptychus perpendicularis  n. sp.

Figure 194View FIGURE 194

TYPE MATERIAL — Holotype: New Caledonia, Norfolk Ridge. NORFOLK 2, Stn DW 2052, 23°42.29’S, 168°15.27’E, 473- 525 m, 24.X.2003, ♂ 3.0 mm ( MNHN-IU-2014-16855).GoogleMaps 

ETYMOLOGY„ From the Latin perpendicularis  (upright, perpendicular), referring to spines on the P 2-4 dactyli that are perpendicular to the flexor margin in the new species.

DISTRIBUTION„ Norfolk Ridge; 473- 525 m.

DESCRIPTION„ Carapace: Slightly broader than long (0.93 × as long as broad); greatest breadth 1.6 × distance between anterolateral spines. Dorsal surface feebly convex from anterior to posterior, bearing very sparse short setae. Lateral margins convex on posterior branchial regions, bearing 7 or 8 spines; anterolateral (first) spine well developed, distinctly larger than and slightly overreaching lateral orbital spine, other 6 or 7 spines small; second spine on hepatic margin, ventral to level of first and third; third spine located on anterior end of branchial margin, accompanying small spine dorsomesial to it; remaining 5 spines on posterior branchial margin; 1 or 2 small hepatic spines mesial to between first and second spines (or directly behind anterolateral spine). Rostrum narrow triangular, with interior angle of 20°, nearly horizontal, length more than half that of remaining carapace, breadth half carapace breadth at posterior carapace margin; lateral margin with small subterminal spine; dorsal surface concave. Pterygostomian flap anteriorly angular, produced to sharp spine, surface with row of spines directly below anterior part of linea anomurica.

Sternum: Excavated sternum anteriorly produced between bases of Mxp1, bearing weak ridge in midline. Sternal plastron slightly broader than long, lateral extremities between sternites 4-7 gently divergent posteriorly. Sternite 3 weakly depressed; anterior margin concavely excavated, with small median notch without flanking spine, laterally rounded. Sternite 4 having anterolateral margin anteriorly angular (right) or ending in small blunt spine (left), twice as long as posterolateral margin. Sternite 5 with anterolateral margin anteriorly convex, 1.3 × longer than posterolateral margin of sternite 4.

Abdomen: Smooth, nearly glabrous. Somite 1 without transverse ridge. Somite 2 tergite 3.0 × broader than long; pleural lateral margin somewhat concavely divergent posteriorly, anterior and posterior ends rounded. Pleuron of somite 3 laterally blunt. Telson half as long as broad; posterior plate slightly convex on posterior margin, length 1.4 × that of anterior plate.

Eye: Elongate (twice as long as broad), slightly overreaching midlength of rostrum; lateral and mesial margins subparallel. Cornea not dilated, about half length of remaining eyestalk.

Antennule and antenna: Ultimate article of antennular peduncle 3.1 × longer than high. Antennal peduncle somewhat overreaching cornea. Article 2 unarmed. Antennal scale overreaching peduncle, terminating at tip of strong distomesial spine of article 5, breadth 1.5 × that of article 5. Distal 2 articles each with strong distomesial spine; article 4 very slightly longer than article 4, breadth 0.6 × height of antennular ultimate article. Flagellum consisting of 11-12 segments, not reaching distal end of P 1 merus.

Mxp: Mxp1 close to each other. Mxp3 with sparse short setae other than brushes on distal articles. Basis lacking denticles on mesial ridge. Ischium with distally rounded flexor margin; crista dentata with more than 20 denticles. Merus 2.5 × longer than ischium, flattish on mesial face; flexor margin sharply ridged, with 2 small spines about at distal quarter; distolateral spine strong. Carpus with distolateral spine and 1 distinct spine on proximal part of extensor margin.

P 1: Missing.

P 2-4: Compressed mesio-laterally, relatively broad. Meri subequal in length on P 2 and P 3, P 4 merus 0.9 × length of P 3 merus; length-breadth ratio, 3.6 on P 2, 3.1 on P 3 and P 4; dorsal margin with row of very small spines distinct on P 2 and P 3, obsolete on P 4; P 2 merus 0.8 × length of carapace, 1.2 × length of P 2 propodus; P 3 merus as long as P 3 propodus; P 4 merus 0.9 × length of P 4 propodus. Carpi subequal in length on P 2 and P 3, P 4 carpus 0.9 × length of P 3 carpus; carpus-propodus length ratio, 0.50 on P 2, 0.46 on P 3, 0.43 on P 4; extensor margin with row of small spines on P 2 only. Propodi subequal in length on P 3 and P 4, shorter on P 2, flexor margin with pair of terminal spines preceded by 6 spines on P 2, 5 spines on P 3, 3 or 4 spines on P 4. Dactyli subequal on P 3 and P 4, shorter on P 2; as long as carpi on P 2, slightly longer on P 3 and P 4; half as long as propodi on P 2, slightly more than so on P 3 and P 4; flexor margin feebly curving, ending in slender spine preceded by 9 strong, long triangular spines perpendicular to margin, close to one another and successively diminishing proximally.

REMARKS — Uroptychus perpendicularis  resembles U. multispinosus Ahyong & Poore, 2009  (see above) in having the carapace lateral margin with small spines, the rostrum with a subapical spine on each side, elongate eyes, the antennal peduncle with a strong spine on each of articles 4 and 5, and the antennal scale overreaching the peduncle. In U. perpendicularis  , however, the anterolateral spine of the carapace is distinctly larger than instead of subequal to the lateral orbital spine; the antennal article 2 is unarmed instead of bearing a distinct distolateral spine; and the flexor marginal spines of the P 2-4 dactyli are perpendicular to the margin rather than obliquely directed, and more numerous (10 versus 7) and closer to one another.

Uroptychus perpendicularis  also resembles U. vicinus  n. sp. Their relationships are discussed under the remarks of that species (see below).

The combination of the following characters links the species to U. lanatus  n. sp.: the carapace with small lateral spines, the P 2-4 propodi with a row of spines proximal to the pair of terminal spines, and the P 2-4 dactyli with the ultimate of the flexor marginal spines more slender than the antepenultimate. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: the flexor marginal spines of the P 2-4 dactyli in U. perpendicularis  are subperpendicularly directed, whereas these are obliquely directed in U. lanatus  ; the rostrum in U. perpendicularis  bears a subapical spine on each side, which spine is absent in U. lanatus  ; the antennal articles 4 and 5 in U. perpendicularis  each bear a strong distomesial spine instead of being unarmed; and the P 2-3 meri bear a row of dorsal spines instead of being spineless.