Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson (= Cananga odoratum (Lam.) King)

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 7-8

publication ID

persistent identifier

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson (= Cananga odoratum (Lam.) King)


Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson (= Cananga odoratum (Lam.) King)  


Myanmar: kadat-ngan, saga-sein, ylang-ylang. English: cananga.


Southeast Asia.


Plant contains antibacterial, antifungal, and cytotoxic compounds used in treatments for eye conditions, as well as for malaria, gout, and headache. Flower: Used in ophthalmia.


Medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Perry (1980) discusses the uses of this species in other parts of Asia as follows: On the Malay Peninsula, a paste made from fresh flowers is prescribed to treat asthma and leaves rubbed on the skin are used as a remedy for itch; in Indonesia, the bark is used to treat scabies, dried flowers are used to treat malaria, and the seeds finely ground with other ingredients are applied to treat stomach disorders in intermittent fever; in the Solomon Islands, crushed leaves are applied to boils. Worldwide medicinal usage, chemical composition, and toxicity of this species are discussed by Duke (1986).

Steam-distilled flower petals are the source of the perfume oil known as “ylang-ylang”, made in Asia, Madagascar and the Mascarenes. Perfumes, colognes, and toilet waters containing ylang ylang oil are responsible for several cases of allergic contact dermatitis in sensitive individuals. (Benezra 1985).


Nordal (1963), Kirtikar and Basu (1993), Duke (2009), Rahman et al. (2005a).