Hagenulopsis perere Campos, 2022

Campos, Rogério, Rodrigues, Jackson A. O., Lima, Lucas R. C., Mariano, Rodolfo, Costa, Vini- Cius, Marulanda, Jhon & Salles, Frederico F., 2022, Hagenulopsis Ulmer (Ephemeroptera: Leptophlebiidae): re-description, morphological notes and a new species from South America, Brazil, Zootaxa 5100 (1), pp. 73-88 : 74-82

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5100.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EC44349C-8204-4996-88B4-C9D21BC14393

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6312396

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/2C2487E7-FFC5-FF8B-FF12-F9EFE5CFF8D4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hagenulopsis perere Campos
status

sp. nov.

Hagenulopsis perere Campos , Costa & Salles sp. nov.

( Figs 2A–D View FIGURE 2 , 3A–J View FIGURE 3 , 4G View FIGURE 4 , 5F View FIGURE 5 , 6A–H View FIGURE 6 , 7A–D View FIGURE 7 )

Diagnosis. Hagenulopsis perere can be separated from its congeners by the following combination of characters. Nymph: (i), outer surface of fore and mid femur with a brown spot nearly at apex; (ii), 14 denticles on fore claw. Male Imago: (i), general coloration dark brown ( Figs 3A, B View FIGURE 3 ); (ii), dorsal portion of eyes meeting dorsally on head; (iii), 21–33 facets on the longest row; (iv), outer surface of mid femur with a brown spot at midlength; (v), cross veins between C and RP 1 clouded with brown. Female imago: (i), general coloration dark brown; (ii), cross veins between C and RP 1 clouded with brown; (iii), egg guide dark brown, apically acute.

Male imago. Body length: 7.0– 7.8 mm (n = 7). General coloration: dark brown ( Fig. 2A–D View FIGURE 2 ).

Head: orange brown ( Fig. 3A–B View FIGURE 3 ). Upper portion of compound eye orange, area surrounding facets dark orange, lower portion black. Eyes meeting dorsally on head and with around 21–33 facets on the longest row. Ocelli white surrounded with orange, lateral ocelli larger than the median ocellus ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ). Antenna: scape and pedicel brown washed black, flagellum pale brown.

Thorax ( Fig. 3B View FIGURE 3 ): pronotum brown, dark brown submedially and on lateral margins. Mesonotum brown, median longitudinal and medioparapsidal sutures brown, lateroparapsidal suture and anterolateral corner of scutellum pale. Metanotum brown, dark brown on posterior margin. Pleural sclerites brown, membranous area washed with gray ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ). Sterna brown. Legs yellowish-brown ( Fig. 3F–I View FIGURE 3 ). Foreleg ( Fig. 3F View FIGURE 3 ): coxa and trochanter brown; femur yellowish-brown, washed with brown on basal half and with a brown band at midlength; tibia light yellow, dark brown on apex; tarsi light yellow, dark brown on apex of each tarsomere. Mid leg ( Fig. 3G View FIGURE 3 ): coxa and trochanter brown; femur yellowish-brown with outer surface with a brown spot at midlength and an apical brown band; tarsi yellowish-brown. Hind leg ( Fig. 3H View FIGURE 3 ): yellowish-brown; femur with median and apical brown bands. Claws yellowish-brown ( Fig. 3I View FIGURE 3 ), both dissimilar.

Wings ( Fig. 4G–J View FIGURE 4 ): membrane hyaline, longitudinal and cross veins yellowish tinged with brown, area between costal brace dark brown; cross veins between C and RP 1 clouded with brown, clouds more extensive between Sc and RP 1;six cross veins basal to bulla, 14 distal to bulla.

Abdomen ( Fig. 3C–D View FIGURE 3 ): terga hyaline gray washed with brown. Tergum I entirely washed with brown; terga II–IX with a hyaline longitudinal stripe; terga VII, VIII and IX with hyaline anteromedial spot; tergum X with a hyaline median oblong mark. Sterna translucent gray washed with brown. Sterna II–VIII with hyaline anteromedial mark.

Genitalia ( Figs 3E View FIGURE 3 , 5F View FIGURE 5 ). Styliger plate brown and quadrangular; forceps segment I brown, curved medially; forceps segment II brown washed with white; forceps segment III white; penes pale, acuminating towards apex and not covered by styliger plate; spine ventrally oriented on subapex of each penis lobe. Caudal filaments white with black annulations basally and on apex of each annulation.

Male subimago ( Fig. 2B View FIGURE 2 ). General coloration brown, similar to male imagos. Wings opaque, covered by microtrichia; longitudinal veins yellowish opaque tinged with brown, cross veins dark brown; cross veins between C and RP 1 clouded.

Female imago ( Fig. 3J–K View FIGURE 3 ). General coloration: dark brown (n = 5).

Head: Brown, lighter brown around eyes and medially. Eyes black. Thorax: brown, pleural sclerites brown with membranes whitish. Sterna brown. Wings: membrane hyaline, longitudinal and cross veins yellowish-brown, costal brace dark brown; cross veins between longitudinal veins C and RP 1 clouded with brown, clouds more extensive on cross veins between Sc and RP 1; 4–5 cross veins basal to bulla, 15–16 distal to bulla. Abdomen: dark brown with light brown lines U shaped, terga IX similar to male; egg guide dark brown, apically acute ( Fig. 3J–K View FIGURE 3 ). Caudal filaments white with black annulations on basal fourth and apex of each annulation.

Female subimago ( Fig. 2C View FIGURE 2 ) General coloration brown, similar to female imago. Wings opaque, covered by microtrichia; longitudinal veins yellowish opaque tinged with brown, cross veins dark brown; cross veins between C and RP 1 clouded. Egg guide brown, whitish brown toward apex.

Nymph ( Figs 6A–F View FIGURE 6 , 7A–F View FIGURE 7 ). Body length: 5.3–5.7 mm (n = 3). General coloration ( Fig. 6A–B View FIGURE 6 ): yellowishbrown.

Head: yellowish-brown, frons and vertex washed with black, and with vertical black stripes. Eyes black. Ocelli white surrounded with black. Antenna broken off and lost. Labrum ( Fig. 7A View FIGURE 7 ) almost as wide as clypeus; anteromedial emargination with 5 denticles, submedial denticles larger. Mandible ( Fig. 7E View FIGURE 7 ) yellowish-brown, dark brown on incisors and molar; outer margin with 9–10 filiform long setae. Hypopharynx translucent yellow ( Fig. 7D View FIGURE 7 ). Maxilla ( Fig. 7B–C View FIGURE 7 ) yellowish-brown, washed with black on base of stipe; maxillary palp, segment I (0.18–0.24 mm), segment II (0.27–0.30 mm), segment III (0.14–0.15 mm). Labium ( Fig. 7F View FIGURE 7 ) translucent yellow, postmentum washed with black; labial palp translucent yellow, segment I (0.25–0.29 mm) covered by strong setae, segment II (0.27–0.34 mm) covered by filiform setae, and segment III (0.12–0.15 mm) with dorsal spine-like setae.

Thorax: pronotum yellowish-brown with middle and lateral margins washed with black. Mesothorax yellowishbrown, washed with black on lateral margins. Fore wing pad yellowish-brown, with clouded cross veins on mature nymphs ( Fig. 6B View FIGURE 6 ). Legs yellowish-brown ( Fig. 6C–F View FIGURE 6 ); outer surface of fore ( Fig. 6E View FIGURE 6 ) and mid ( Fig. 6D View FIGURE 6 ) femora with a brown spot nearly at apex; mid femur washed brown at midlength; hind femur with two dark brown bands ( Fig. 6C View FIGURE 6 ). Claws yellowish-brown; about 14 denticles progressively larger toward apex ( Fig. 6F View FIGURE 6 ).

Abdomen ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ): yellowish-brown washed with black, darker on lateral margins; posterolateral spines on segments V–IX progressively larger posteriorly ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ). Gills translucent gray, tracheae black. Caudal filaments yellowish-brown.

Eggs ( Figs 8A–D View FIGURE 8 ). Length 161–189 µm (n = 5). Elliptic in shape ( Fig. 8A View FIGURE 8 ). Chorionic surface perforated; sucker-like discs irregularly distributed on surface, each located in a small concavity ( Fig. 8B–D View FIGURE 8 ). One micropylar area located in the equatorial region ( Fig. 8B View FIGURE 8 ).

Etymology. This species name is given in apposition after “Saci-Pererê”, a remarkable character from the Brazilian folklore. The word “pererê” means leaping in the Tupi Guarani language.

Material examined. Holotype, ♂ imago. BRAZIL, Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa, Reserva Biológica Augusto Ruschi, Córrego Bragacho (19°52′2.53″S, 40°33′34.27″W; 830 m a.s.l), 18.xii.2017 – 17.i.2018, Malaise trap, Salles FF. & Costa V. leg. ( UFVB) GoogleMaps . Paratypes. BRAZIL, Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa, Reserva Biológica Augusto Ruschi, Córrego Bragacho , (19°52′2.53″S, 40°33′34.27″W; 830 m a.s.l), 19.xii.2017, D-net Salles FF & Costa V. leg., 3 N, 2 ♀♀ ( UFVB) GoogleMaps ; same data as for preceding except for: 30.ix.2017, 3 ♂♂ ( INPA) GoogleMaps ; Minas Gerais, Araponga, Serra do Brigadeiro , Vale das Luas (20°39′37″S, 42°26′55″W; 990 m a.s.l), 24.i.2014, Entomological net, Salles FF. leg., 2 ♂♂ ( MZUSP) GoogleMaps .

Remarks. Pigments in forewings are usual in Hagenulopsis species and it may occur on cross veins, longitudinal veins, on the membrane or surrounding longitudinal and cross vein ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 ). The males of H. perere sp. nov. are somewhat similar to males of H. diptera sharing with them the general color, the upper portion of compound eye meeting dorsally, and the brown bands on middle and apex of hind femur. However, the males of H. perere sp. nov. can be differentiated from the males of H. diptera by the remarkable brown clouds surrounding the cross veins located between longitudinal veins C to RP 1 and by a brown spot at the midlength on the outer surface of the middle femur. In addition, mature nymphs and females of H. perere sp. nov. can also be distinguished from all other species by the presence of clouds surrounding the cross veins between longitudinal veins C and RP 1.

UFVB

Vicosa, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Museum of Entomology

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo