Anthoptilum grandiflorum ( Verrill, 1879 ), Verrill, 1879

Pérez, C. D. & Silva, B. T., 2003, Taxonomic status of Pennatula argentina Acuña & Zamponi, 1992 (Cnidaria: Octocorallia), Zootaxa 324, pp. 1-7: 2-4

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.156969

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1E3BED90-D221-42F4-AAED-FC16F405A130

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/2D4187F0-FFDD-DA64-3868-1230EC0DF9B7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anthoptilum grandiflorum ( Verrill, 1879 )
status

 

Anthoptilum grandiflorum ( Verrill, 1879)  

Virgularia grandiflora Verrill 1879: 239   .

Anthoptilum thomsoni Kölliker 1880: 13   ; Thomson & Rennet 1927: 123.

? Anthoptilum simplex Kölliker 1880: 15   .

Anthoptilum grandiflorum Verrill 1882: 312   , 1883: 5–6; Jungersen 1904: 66 –67, 1915: 1193–1197; Hickson 1904: 233 –235, 1916: 138–143; Kükenthal & Broch 1911: 233 –240; Kükenthal 1915: 32 –33; Thomson 1915: 17; Kramp 1932: 11; Deichmann 1936: 276 –277; Tixier­ Durivault 1954: 629; Pasternak 1975: 101; Grasshoff 1982 a: 741, 750, 1982 b: 954; Williams 1990: 69; Acuña & Zamponi 1992: 48 –49.

? Anthoptilum grandiflorum Verrill 1885: 510   –511; Nutting 1909: 710. Anthoptilum sertum: Kükenthal 1915: 33   .

Pennatula argentina Acuña & Zamponi 1992: 48   –49.

Diagnosis: Colonies long and whip­like, bilaterally symmetrical with polyps in two longitudinal series. Polyps in oblique rows, non­retractile, calyces absent. Polyps 3–10 per row. Adjacent polyps are sometimes joined proximally, forming a common base for an entire row, or only two or three polyps in a row may be joined. Siphonozooids are numerous on the rachis and situated in the dorsal part of the colony. Peduncle stout to robust, with a prominent bulb.

Material: Paratype of Pennatula argentina   , UNMdP­CP 1 in the collection of the LABIC, vessel “Walther Hertwig”, 41 º 24 ´S, 57 º 10 ´W, depth 800–810 m, May 1978.

Locality: Argentine Sea, Buenos Aires continental slope.

Description: Colony 29 cm in length ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 A, B). Entire flexible rachis with bilateral symmetry, 20.5 cm in length, with autozooids confined to the ventral part. Peduncle robust, with prominent bulb about midway, 8.5 cm in length, one­third total colony length ( Figure 2 View FIGURE 2 A). Autozooids arising directly from surface of rachis, calyces absent, 2–5 per oblique row, 0.8–1.4 cm in length. Adjacent polyps are sometimes joined proximally, forming a common base for an entire oblique row, or only two or three polyps in a row may be joined, this group being free from remaining polyps in the row ( Figure 2 View FIGURE 2 B). Siphonozooids numerous on dorsal aspect of rachis, located between the oblique rows of autozooids. Sclerites absent except for minute ovals (88–140 m in length, 32–56 m in width) and circles (20–55 m in diameter) of interior stalk. Axis present and oval in cross section.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Pennatulacea

Family

Anthoptilidae

Genus

Anthoptilum

Loc

Anthoptilum grandiflorum ( Verrill, 1879 )

Pérez, C. D. & Silva, B. T. 2003
2003
Loc

Pennatula argentina Acuña & Zamponi 1992 : 48

Acuna 1992: 48
1992
Loc

Anthoptilum grandiflorum

Kukenthal 1915: 33
Nutting 1909: 710
Verrill 1885: 510
1885
Loc

Anthoptilum grandiflorum

Acuna 1992: 48
Williams 1990: 69
Grasshoff 1982: 741
Pasternak 1975: 101
Durivault 1954: 629
Deichmann 1936: 276
Kramp 1932: 11
Kukenthal 1915: 32
Thomson 1915: 17
Kukenthal 1911: 233
Jungersen 1904: 66
Hickson 1904: 233
Verrill 1882: 312
1882
Loc

Anthoptilum thomsoni Kölliker 1880 : 13

Thomson 1927: 123
Kolliker 1880: 13
1880
Loc

Anthoptilum simplex Kölliker 1880 : 15

Kolliker 1880: 15
1880
Loc

Virgularia grandiflora

Verrill 1879: 239
1879