Tonnacypris edlundi, Meeren, Thijs Van Der, Khand, Yondon & Martens, Koen, 2009
Meeren, Thijs Van Der, Khand, Yondon & Martens, Koen, 2009, On Recent species of To n n a c y p r i s Diebel & Pietrzeniuk, 1975 (Crustacea, Ostracoda), with new species descriptions from Mongolia, Zootaxa 2015, pp. 1-41 : 16-22
treatment provided by
Tonnacypris edlundi n. sp.
( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 C, 5 B, 10, 11, 12, 13, 21)
Type locality. Grassy outflow stream from Bakhlagiin spring (49 ° 10 ’ 46 ”N, 90 ° 17 ’03”E). No water chemistry data is available for the type locality itself, but a nearby site (49 ° 11 ’ 30 ”N, 90 ° 14 ’ 14 ”E) at the source of the spring also contained this species: pH 7.9; conductivity 1222 µS/cm (corrected to 25 °C); TDS 876 mg /L; T 6.3 °C, DO 11.5 mg /L.
Type material. Holotype: male (OC. 2988), soft parts dissected in glycerin in a sealed slide, valves stored dry in a micropalaeontological slide. Dimensions: L = 1.25 mm, H = 677 µm.
Allotype: female (OC. 2989), dissected and stored in the same way as holotype. Dimensions: L = 1.32 mm, H = 687 µm.
Paratypes: OC. 2990–2997 (most specimens dissected and used for SEM, some whole animals preserved in 70 % EtOH).
Material examined. Specimens were retrieved from several sites in western Mongolia (Table 1). SEM images are presented for OC. 2990, 2994, 2995 and drawings of soft parts are included for OC.2990, 2992.
Derivation of the name. This species is named after Mark Edlund (Science Museum of Minnesota, Minneapolis), in recognition of his scientific contributions to the taxonomy and ecology of Mongolian diatoms.
Diagnosis. Moderately large species (females up to 1.5 mm); anterior and posterior margins broadly rounded; inner lamella of the LV with one anteroventral and one posteroventral peg, anteroventral peg associated with a reduced inner list. A 2 with long natatory setae, tips usually slightly exceeding the terminal claws. Mx 1 with tooth bristles of the third masticatory endite smooth; terminal segment of the right clasping palp of the male stout and distinctly triangular.
Description of male. Valves in lateral view with greatest height just anteriorly of midlength; LV overlapping RV ventrally; anterior margin broadly rounded, posterodorsal margin sloping, inconspicuous posterodorsal angle proceeding to widely curved and evenly rounded posterior margin; valves in dorsal view elongated subovate with greatest width at midlength; LV overlaps RV at both ends, which are slightly pointed; valves in inner view ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 A, B) with ventral margin only slightly concave; dorsal margin sloping almost straight between highest point and posterodorsal angle; calcareous part of the inner lamella anteriorly broad, more than twice as broad as posteriorly, ventrally narrow; in LV posterdorsal angle slightly less pronounced and two pegs on the ventral side of the calified inner lamella, the anterior peg associated with reduced inner list; few marginal pores with simple, straight setae and simple, straight radial pore canals; false pore canals branching ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 C); colour: whitish.
A 1 with Wouters organ small, protruding and lobe-like; Rome organ small; terminal segment with two long setae, one short claw, and one small, slender Y-aesthetasc.
A 2 ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 A) with natatory setae just reaching or reaching slightly beyond distal end of terminal claws; apical chaetotaxy: z 1 and z 2 longest claws, z 3 a long seta, G 1 a small claw, G 2 a long claw (slightly shorter than z 1 and z 2), G 3 a small seta; terminal segment with long claw GM, shorter claw Gm, seta g, aesthetasc y 3 with a seta fused at the base of this aesthetasc; last two segments apically with protruding reinforcements surrounding the socket of the largest claws.
Md palp with short, smooth α-seta; a group of three smooth setae and one barbed seta associated with serrated β-seta, which is slightly longer than the α-seta; and equally long, slightly stouter, serrated γ-seta.
Mx 1 with eight (5 + 3) setae on the first segment of the palp; terminal segment of this palp spatulate; tooth bristles of third endite smooth; sideways-directed bristles serrated.
T 1 protopodite with at the basal part two a-setae, single b, c and d-seta, masticatory process with 14 setae; exopodite a respiratory plate with six plumose filaments; endopodite developed asymmetrical as twosegmented palp with clasping function: penultimate segment of the right palp stout, rectangular and bearing two peg-like, subequal sensory organs ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 B), penultimate segment of the left clasping palp elongated, rectangular and bearing two smaller, unequal sensory organs ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 C); terminal segment of the right clasping palp ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 B) stout and distinctly triangular, of left clasping palp ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 C) sickle-shaped and tapering towards distal end, both terminal segments have distally a sensory organ.
T 2 with length of seta d 1 about 0.75 –1.0 length of seta d 2; teeth on terminal claw quite large.
CR ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 F) with proximal seta slightly hirsute, proximal slightly enforced; distal setae relatively long; posterior part of the ramus almost completely set with> 10 fields of setulae.
Hemipenis ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 D) with outer lobe curved, distally tapering and bluntly pointed, reaching only slightly beyond the inner lobe; the latter broadly rounded; Zenker’s organ muscular with numerous internal spines ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 E).
A dditional description of female. Valves in lateral view ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 C,D) as in the male, but larger in all dimensions; ventral indentation slightly less pronounced and posterodorsal angle slightly wider than in the male; carapace in dorsal view ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 E) subovate and slightly pointed at anterior side, more evenly rounded at posterior side; pore canals straight and simple ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 F), false pore canals branching ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 C); colour: whitish.
A 1 ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 A) as in male.
A 2 ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 B) with natatory setae long, the longest usually reaching slightly beyond the proximal edge of the terminal segment; G 1 and G 3 long terminal claws, G 2 -claw slightly shorter, about four-fifth of the length of G 1; z 1 -seta slightly shorter than G 2, z 2 and z 3 setae subequal in length with G 2.
Mdpalp ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 C) as in male.
Mx 1 ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 B) as in male.
T 1 ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 C) protopodite, masticatory process and exopodite as in male; endopodite an unsegmented palp with three unequal apical setae.
T 2 (female with slightly less developed teeth on terminal claw Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 D), T 3 ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 E, F) and CR ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 G, H and Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 B) basically as described for the male.
Measurements. Female: L = 1.30–1.52 mm (n = 5), H = 687–840 µm (n = 5), W = 670–678 µm (n = 2) Male: L = 1.20–1.31 mm (n = 4), H = 632–733 µm (n = 4)
Ecology. This species was found in a spring and the associated stream outflow, in two streamlets also close to the spring discharge, and also in two wetlands associated with nearby streams (Table 1). With the natatory setae being unusually long for this genus, this species should be quite mobile, especially in flowing waters. Temperature of the water of the various habitats in which the species was found: 6.0– 15.5 °C, pH 7.5–7.9 and conductivity 500–1270 µS/cm. Altitude: 1057–1946 m. In the type locality, where also a lot of juveniles were found, sex ratio was close to 1: 1 (14 ɗ and 12 Ψ recovered). The present populations of this species could thus have an obligatory sexual reproduction.
The species is distinguished from:
Tonnacypris estonica by its slightly higher valves, anterior and posterior pegs on the inner lamella of LV, long natatory setae on A 2 and slender proximal setae of CR.
Tonnacypris tonnensis by its smaller size, rounded posterior margin, long claw G 2 on A 2, long natatory setae on A 2, group of three setae next to β seta on Md palp, long γ seta on Md palp and eight setae on the first segment of Mx palp.
Tonnacypris mazepovae n. sp. by its smaller size, broader anterior calcified lamella, long claw G 2 on A 2, long natatory setae on A 2, group of three setae next to β seta on Md palp, smooth tooth bristles on the third endite of Mx, eight setae on the first segment of Mx palp and stout, distinctly triangular terminal segment of the right clasping palp of the male, which lacks an indentation near the basis.
Tonnacypris glacialis by its smaller size, anterior and posterior pegs on the calcified lamella of LV, long claw G 2 on A 2, long natatory setae on A 2, group of three setae next to β seta on Md palp, smooth tooth bristles on the third endite of Mx, eight setae on the first segment of Mx palp and stout, distinctly triangular terminal segment of the right clasping palp of the male.
Tonnacypris lutaria by its smaller size, anterior and posterior pegs on the calcified lamella of LV, long claw G 2 on A 2, long natatory setae on A 2, group of three setae next to β seta on Md palp, smooth tooth bristles on the third endite of Mx, eight setae on the first segment of Mx palp and stout, distinctly triangular terminal segment of the right claping palp of the male.
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