Ichnea frenata (Erichson, 1847),

Opitz, Weston, 2010, Classification, Natural History, and Evolution of the Epiphloeinae (Coleoptera: Cleridae). Part VIII. The Genera Acanthocollum Opitz, Stegnoclava Opitz, and Ichnea Laporte, The Coleopterists Bulletin (mo 9) 64, pp. 1-65: 42-45

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1649/0010-065X-64.mo4.1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/317D6408-DC7A-FFF9-AAA1-F98EFC74FA3A

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Ichnea frenata (Erichson, 1847)
status

 

Ichnea frenata (Erichson, 1847) 

( Figs. 45–51View Figs, 63View Figs, 65, 66View Figs, 80–87View Figs, 90–94, 98–102View FigsView Figs, 112, 113View Figs, 118, 119View Figs, 134View Figs, 145View Figs, 171View Figs, 180View Figs; Map 4View Map 4)

Enoplium frenatum Erichson, 1847: 86  . Lectotype ♂. Herein designated. Peru, v. Tschudi (ZMHB). (Specimen pin mounted; support card, gender label affixed to support card; locality-identification label; type label; repository label; specimen number label-58874; historical collection label; ZMHB acronymic label; Opitz lectotype label; plastic vial with abdomen and aedeagus.) Gemminger and Harold 1869: 1751; Lohde 1900: 101; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 122; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1950: 270.

Ichnea disjuncta Gorham, 1877: 411  . Amazon, Ega, Bates Lectotype ♀. New synonymy. (BMNH). Herein designated. Two paralectotypes from the same locality as the holotype; one in BMNH and one in ZMAN. Gorham 1883: 180; Lohde 1900: 100; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 122; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1950: 270. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation.

Ichnea panamensis Gorham, 1883: 179  . Lectotype. Gender not known. Herein designated. Bugaba, Panama, Champion (BMNH). New synonymy. Three paralectotypes in the BMNH, one in MNHN, and one in ZMAN; all from Bugaba , Panama. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation. Lohde 1900: 102; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 123; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1950: 272; Opitz 1997: 75.

Ichnea subfasciata Gorham, 1877: 410  . Lectotype ♂. Herein designated. Amazon, Ega, Bates (MNHN). New synonymy. Two paralectotypes in BMNH. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation. Lohde 1900: 102; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 124; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1950: 272.

Ichnea mitella Gorham, 1877: 411  . Lectotype ♂. Herein designated. Amazon, Bates (BMNH). New synonymy. Eleven paralectotypes in BMNH and two in MNHN. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation. Waterhouse 1883: Table 126, Fig. 5View Figs; Lohde 1900: 101; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 123, 1916: 151; Jacob 1940: 216; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1942: 142, 1950: 272.

Ichnea femoralis Schenkling, 1900: 401  . Lectotype, gender not known. Jatahy , Goyas, Brésil (MNHN). New synonymy. One paralectotype. Brazil: Goiás: Jataí (MNHN). The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation.

Ichnea striaticollis Kuwert, 1894: 11  . Lectotype ♂. Herein designated. Amazon , Peru (MNHN). New synonymy. One paralectotype in MNHN. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation. Lohde 1900: 102; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 124; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1942: 143, 1950: 272.

Ichnea confluens Kuwert, 1894: 12  . Lectotype ♂. Herein designated, Amazon , Peru (MNHN). New synonymy. One paralectotype in MNHN. The characteristics used to describe this nominal species represent intraspecific variation. Lohde 1900: 100; Schenkling 1903: 102, 1910: 122; Blackwelder 1945: 389; Corporaal 1950: 270.

Paralectotypes. One specimen. Peru ( ZMHB)  .

Diagnosis. The complete or partial division of the pronotal central dark line easily distinguishes the members of this species from congeners.

Description. Size: Length 12.5 mm; width 3.0 mm. Form ( Fig. 134View Figs): Narrowly triangular. Integumental color ( Figs. 90–94): Cranium mostly yellow, lower frons dark brown, dark markings behind eye continuous dark branches of pronotal dark discal line, lower pronotal margin dark brown; elytra mostly yellow, with broad dark sutural line extended to dark broad fascia at elytral middle, yellow at and behind humerus and narrowly yellow along epipleural margin. Head: HW/PW 1.0; frons indented; EW/VW 2.1; antenna as in Fig. 171View Figs, funicle not compressed. Thorax: Pronotum as in Fig. 134View Figs, PL/PW 1.1; elytra long subovoid, EL/PL 5.6; EL/EW 2.5; anterior margin of protibia with 14 spines. Male genitalia: Aedeagus as in Fig. 180View Figs.

Variation. Size: length 6.5–11.0 mm; width 1.5–2.6 mm. The discal dark pronotal line may be completely divided into two lines or slightly divided anteriorly. Also, the apex of the antenna may be yellow or dark brown. The antennal apex is yellow in all Ecuadoran specimens examined. There is considerable additional variation in elytral color as depicted in Figs. 90–94.

Natural History. Specimens have been collected throughout the year. Some were taken in secondary forest and others in a Malaise trap. Henry A. Hespenheide captured one specimen on a fallen tree of G. glabra  .

Distribution. The range of this species extends from Nicaragua to Brazil ( Map 4View Map 4).

Specimens Examined. 268. NICARAGUA: Río San Juan, Chontales, T. Belt. COSTA RICA  : Puntarenas, Vicinity Tárcoles, 19-22-XII-1985, E. Giesbert; Estación Quebrada Bonita , X-1994, R. Guzmán  : Heredia, Estación Biológica La Selva , 10°26′N 84°01′W, 15-V-1996, secondary forest, 50–150 mGoogleMaps  ; idem, V-1996, primary forestGoogleMaps  ; idem, 31-V-1996, secondary forestGoogleMaps  . PANAMA: Chiriquí, Hacienda Las Lagunas, 8-I-1981, dead trunk in sunlight, G. Ekis; Pacific slope, Volcán, Hacienda Las Lagunas , 7-I-1981, 1300 m  , G. Ekis; Panamá, Soberania National park, 26-30- VI-1997, Huether & Wappes; 11 km N El Llano, 17-II-1987, E. Giesbert; 10 km N El Llano , 28-V-3-VI- 1984, 427 m  , E. Giesbert; Camino del Oleoducto, 28-VI-1997, R. Turnbow; Carti-El Llano road, km 7.5 N of Chepo , 09°13′N 79°05′W, 4-VI- 1995, 370 mGoogleMaps  , J. Ashe & R. Brooks; 3 km W Ipetí, 9°05′N 78°32′W, 19-V-1987, A. J. Gilbert: Canal Zone, Barro Colorado Island , 20-VII-1971, H. HespenheideGoogleMaps  ; idem, 9°10′N 79°50′W, 16-VI- 1971, H. A. HespenheideGoogleMaps  ; idem, 17-VIII-1974, H. A. HespenheideGoogleMaps  ; idem, 29-V-1977, H. A. HespenheideGoogleMaps  ; idem, 11-VII-1977, H. A. HespenheideGoogleMaps  ; idem, 24- XII-1928, C. H. CurranGoogleMaps  : Colón: 14 km E Portobelo, 25-IV-2-V-1992, E. Giesbert; Fort Sherman , 31-V-1- VI-1981, E. Giesbert  . Darien, Pirre Estación Rancho Frio , 21-III-4-IV-2000, 80 m, Malaise, Cambra, Santos, Bermúdes  ; idem, 30-VII-8-VIII, Malaise trap, A. Santos & R. Miranda  ; idem, 3-17-X-2002, Malaise trap  ; idem, 1-21-IV-2004, Malaise trap, R. Cambra; R. Cambra & A. Santos; Cana Biological Station, 7°45′N 77°41′W, 3-VI-1996, J. Ashe, R. Brooks; Cana , 7°48′N 77°39′W, 24-IX-1982, H. StockwellGoogleMaps  . COLOMBIA: Meta, La Macarena, Caño Curia, Sandero Cachicamos , 32°1′N 73°56′W, 1-2-I- 2002, 460 mGoogleMaps  , Malaise, D. Campos; Cauca: Valle de  Cauca, 1898, M. de. Mathan: Amazonas, Amacayacu Matamata , 3°41′S 70°15′W, 12-19-VI- 2000, 150 mGoogleMaps  , Malaise trap, A. Parente. VENEZUELA: Tachira, Rio Frio , 20-24-IV- 1982, 600 m  : Amazonas, Rio Negro, Rio Baria , 4-11-II-1984, L. J. Jolly & A. Chacon  : Bolivar, Los Pijiguaos , 10-VI- 1992, 600 m  ; El Dorado, Santa Elena, km 131, 25-X-1972, 1200 m  , J. & B. Bechyne. ECUADOR: Orellana, Reserva Ethnica, Waorani , 1 km S of Onkone Gare Camp, 00°39′S 76°27′W, 6-X- 1995, 216 mGoogleMaps  , T.L. Erwin: Esmeraldas, Zapallo Grande , 25-30-X-1987, Mike Huybesz  : Sucumbíos, Shushufindi , 8-IX-1998, F. T. Hovore  : Napo, Limoncocha, 15-VI-1977, W. E. Steiner; 28 km NE San Pedro de Avajuno, 15-30-III- 2005, F. T. Hovore; Yasuni Research Station , 0°40′S 76°23′W, 30-IX-11-X- 2002, 250 mGoogleMaps  , Malaise trap, C. Brammer; 24 km E Atahualpa, 16-23-X-1995, E. & V. Giesbert; 28 km NE San Pedro de Avajuno , 15-30- III-2005, F. T. Hovore  . PERU: Loreto, Achinamiza, 12-I-1926; Chambireyacú, near Yurimaguas , VI- VIII-1885, M. de Mathan  : Junín: Utcuyacu, Tarma , 7-III-1948, 1600–3000 m  : Huánuco, Pozuzu  : San Martín, Tarapoto, IV-VIII-1886, M. de Mathan: Tambopata , 15 km NE Puerto Maldonado, 22-VI- 1989, Malaise trap, 200 m  , D. Silva: Madre de Dios, 30 km SW Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata Reservation , 12°50′S 69°20′W, 1-14-I-1983, J. AndersonGoogleMaps  . BOLIVIA: La Paz, Tumupasa , XII- 1921 -1922, W. M. Mann; Río  Beni, Cachuela , III-1921 -1922, W. M. Mann  : Cochabamba: Limbo , III-1953, Martinez; Chapare, 15-VIII- 1950, 400 m  , R. Zischka: La Paz: Tumupasa , XII-1921 -1922, W. M. Mann  : Santa Cruz: 4-6 SSE Buena Vista, F & F Hotel , 2-12-II-2000, transition tropical forest, 420–450 m  , J. E. Wappes; El Cairo, 5 km W Buena Vista, 16-XI- 2003, 350 m  , Nearns , Morris, & Wappes  . BRAZIL: Mato Grosso, Diamantino, XI- 1981, E. Furtado; Sinop , X-1975, M. Alvarenga; Humbolt, 10°25′S 59°28′W, 20-III- 1977, 200 mGoogleMaps  , H. Stockwell: Rondônia, Vilhena, XI-1973, M. Alvarenga; Vicinity Caucalandia , 10°32′S 62°48′W, 28-X-1991, J. R. McDonald; 62 km SW Ariquemes, Fazenda Rancho Grande, 11-XI-1994; 62 km SE Ariquemes, 7-18-XI-1995, W. J. HansonGoogleMaps  ; idem, 4- 16-XI-1997, J. E. EgerGoogleMaps  ; idem, 1-17-1997, B. K. DozierGoogleMaps  ; idem, 22-31-X-1997, W. J. HansonGoogleMaps  : Goias: Chapada, X-I; Rio de Janeiro, Amazonas  , São Paulo de Olivenca, V-1883, M. de Mathan; Tefé, IV-VI- 1879, M. de Mathan; Maturacá, Rio Cauaburi , 24-I-1963, J. Bechyné: Pará: Belem, 21-III-1970, Jimm & B.A. Campbell; Benevides, day not noted-II-1895. Specimens are deposited in AMNH, BMNH, CHAH, CMNH, CUIC, CSUC, DEIG, EMUS, FMNH, KSUC, MIZA, MZSP, FSCA, LSUC, MCNZ, MCZC, MEMU, MIUP, MLPA, MMEC, MNHN, MSUC, NINA, OSEC, OXUM, OSUO, PMNH, SEMC, STRI, UKIC, USNM, WFBC, WOPC, and ZMHB    .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

CUIC

Cornell University Insect Collection

CSUC

California State University, Chico, Vertebrate Museum

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

KSUC

Museum of Entomological and Prairie Arthropod Research, Kansas State University

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

MCNZ

Porto Alegre, Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Fundacao Zoo-Botanica do Rio Grande do Sul

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cleridae

Genus

Ichnea

Loc

Ichnea frenata (Erichson, 1847)

Opitz, Weston 2010
2010
Loc

Ichnea femoralis

Schenkling 1900: 401
1900
Loc

Ichnea striaticollis

Kuwert 1894: 11
1894