Parameioneta tricolorata, Zhao, Qingyuan & Li, Shuqiang, 2014

Zhao, Qingyuan & Li, Shuqiang, 2014, A survey of linyphiid spiders from Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province, China (Araneae, Linyphiidae), ZooKeys 460, pp. 1-181: 35-37

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.460.7799

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:EE2B4709-5F5C-4961-9CEF-081BA2CDFB2F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3341A672-B0C9-1789-8140-4E0835B85EED

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Parameioneta tricolorata
status

sp. n.

Taxon classification Animalia Araneae Linyphiidae

Parameioneta tricolorata  sp. n. Figs 85, 86, 87, 88

Types.

Holotype ♂: CHINA, Yunnan: Menglun Town: Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve, 21°53.823'N, 101°17.072'E, elevation ca 613 m, 19.-26.05.2007, Paramichelia baillonii  plantation, hand-collecting. Paratypes 1♂, 21°54.684'N, 101°16.319'E, elevation ca 585 m, 5.-12.10.2006, rubber tree plantation, hand-collecting; 1♀, 21°54.772'N, 101°16.043'E, elevation ca 556 m, 5.-12.12.2006, Parameioneta baillonii  plantation, hand-collecting; 21°54.035'N, 101°16.500'E, elevation ca 558 m, 5.-12.01.2007, primary tropical seasonal rain forest, hand-collecting; 1♂, 21°54.684'N, 101°16.319'E, elevation ca 585 m, 16.-31.01.2007, rubber tree plantation, hand-collecting; 3♂, 21°54.684'N, 101°16.319'E, elevation ca 585 m, 1.-15.03.2007, rubber tree plantation, pitfall traps; 4♂, 21°54.498'N, 101°16.326'E, elevation ca 586 m, 1.-15.04. 2007, rubber tree plantation, pitfall traps; 1♀, 21°54.498'N, 101°16.326'E, elevation ca 586 m, 1.-15.04.2007, rubber tree plantation, trunk traps; 1♂, 21°53.823'N, 101°17.072'E, elevation ca 613 m, 4.-11.05.2007, Parameioneta baillonii  plantation, hand-collecting; 1♂, 21°55.551'N, 101°16.923'E, elevation ca 561 m, 10.-20.06.2007, rubber-tea plantation, hand-collecting; 1♂, 21°54.646'N, 101°16.257'E, elevation ca 572 m, 1.-9.10.2007, rubber-tea plantation, pitfall traps; 1♂, 21°54.705'N, 101°16.898'E, elevation ca 656 m, 13.11.2009, Lvshilin tropical rain forest, fogging.

Etymology.

This name comes from the Latin ‘tres-’, meaning ‘three’, and the Latin word ‘coloratus’, meaning ‘colored’, and the combination refers to the three transversal bands of different colors on the dorsum of the abdomen; adjective.

Diagnosis.

This species is similar to Parameioneta biobata  Tu & Li, 2006 by the shape of embolus ( Tu and Li 2006: fig. 8C; Fig. 85D) and the median membrane ( Tu and Li 2006: fig. 8B); differs in the following aspects: Parameioneta tricolorata  sp. n. has a much smaller tibial dorsal apophysis (Fig. 85B); the shape of radix is different in two species ( Tu and Li 2006: fig. 7B; Fig. 85A); the structure of lamella characteristica differs in two species. The color pattern of abdomen in Parameioneta tricolorata  sp. n. (Fig. 86C) is quite similar to the type species Parameioneta spicata  Locket, 1982 ( Locket 1982: fig. 72). The epigyne of female resembles greatly that of Parameioneta spicata  ( Locket 1982: fig. 78), but differs in the wider distal end of the scape.

Description.

Male (holotype). Total length: 1.31. Carapace 0.59 long, 0.47 wide, unmodified, earthy yellow. Sternum 0.38 long, 0.30 wide. Clypeus 0.11 high. Chelicerae promargin with 5 teeth, retromargin with 4 teeth. Eye sizes and interdistances: AME 0.04, ALE 0.07, PME 0.06, PLE 0.06, AME-AME/AME 0.50, PME-PME/PME 0.50, AME-ALE/ALE 0.14, PME-PLE/PLE 0.33, coxae IV separated by their width. Length of legs: I 2.60 (0.68, 0.18, 0.70, 0.60, 0.44), II 2.23 (0.60, 0.16, 0.58, 0.50, 0.39), III 1.71 (0.46, 0.15, 0.40, 0.40, 0.30), IV 2.29 (0.63, 0.15, 0.60, 0.53, 0.38). Leg formula: I-IV-II-III. TmI 0.33. Abdomen with three belts of different colors: from light grey to pale to dark grey with green tone. Palp: tibia with one retrolateral and one dorsal trichobothrium; dorsal tibial apophysis small, hooked (Fig. 85B); paracymbium ‘C’ -shaped (Figs 85B, 86B); pit hook short, hooked at tip (Fig. 86A); lamella characteristica with two branches, one long, tapered at tip, the other broad and shorter, with a pointed apex (Fig. 86B); embolus stout, with opening at tip (Fig. 85D).

Female (paratype). Total length: 1.54. Carapace 0.63 long, 0.52 wide, dark yellow. Sternum 0.34 long, 0.36 wide. Clypeus 0.16 high. Chelicerae promargin with 7 teeth, retromargin with 4 teeth. Eye sizes and interdistances: AME 0.03, ALE 0.08, PME 0.08, PLE 0.07, AME-AME/AME 1.00, PME-PME/PME 0.38, AME-ALE/ALE 0.38, PME-PLE/PLE 0.29, coxae IV separated by 0.84 time their width. Length of legs: I 2.22 (0.50, 0.20, 0.63, 0.52, 0.37), II 2.38 (0.64, 0.20, 0.60, 0.56, 0.38), III 1.98 (0.53, 0.19, 0.44, 0.46, 0.36), IV 2.49 (0.70, 0.18, 0.63, 0.60, 0.38). Leg formula: IV-II-I-III. TmI 0.29, TmIV absent. Abdomen greyish green with beige patches on the dorsum. Epigyne: trapezoidal with narrower posterior end (Fig. 87A); scape long, distal part with a broad tip (Fig. 87C); spermathecae with two chambers (Fig. 87C).

Distribution.

Known only from type localities.

Genus Prosoponoides  Millidge & Russell-Smith, 1992

Prosoponoides  : Millidge and Russell–Smith 1992: 1369. Type species Prosoponoides hamatus  Millidge & Russell-Smith, 1992 from Sumatra.