Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Cockerell)

Kondo, Takumasa & Muñoz, Jazmín Adriana, 2016, Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) associated with avocado crop, Persea americana Mill. (Lauraceae) in Valle del Cauca and neighboring departments of Colombia, Insecta Mundi 2016 (465), pp. 1-24: 10

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4645809

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D87176BB-292D-4A7C-B106-EEC015A66561

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4645937

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3414244A-6D04-ED0B-FF13-CF87148FF8C3

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Cockerell)
status

 

Protopulvinaria pyriformis (Cockerell)   ( Fig. 1F View Figure 1 )

Material studied. Colombia. Valle del Cauca: Alcalá: Finca El Edén , 04°39 ′ 38.4 ″ N, 75°44 ′ 33.1 ″ W, 1421 m, 31.x.2008, coll. T. Kondo, 2 ( UVCO), 3 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca La Polonia , 04°40 ′ 09.8 ″ N, 75°45 ′ 14.1 ″ W, 1369 m, 31.x.2008, coll. J. Muñoz, ex avocado cv. ‘ Papelillo’ (‘ Lorena’), 1 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca La Porra , 04°40 ′ 13.1 ″ N, 75°44 ′ 34.3 ″ W, 1395 m, 10.xii.2008, coll. A. Arias., J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 2 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca Los Alpes , 04°42 ′ 24.8 ″ N, 75°49 ′ 01.0 ″ W, 1194 m, 02.xii.2008, coll. A. Arias, J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 3 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca Villa del Sol , 04°42 ′ 06.1 ″ N, 75°50 ′ 00.5 ″ W, 1215 m, 02.xii.2008, coll. J. Muñoz, ex avocado cv. ‘ Papelillo’ (‘ Lorena’), 1 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   . Caicedonia: Finca El Palmar , 04°17 ′ 55.9 ″ N, 75°53 ′ 00.2 ″ W, 1376 m, 28.x.2008, coll. A. Arias, T. Kondo, J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 3 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca La Cabaña , 04°17 ′ 43.8 ″ N, 75°50 ′ 39.4 ″ W, 1705 m, 09.ii.2009, coll. J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 4 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca El Jardín , 04°18 ′ 18.4 ″ N, 75°51 ′ 00.0 ″ W, 1622 m, 16.ii.2009, coll. A. Arias, T. Kondo, J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 2 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca La Giralda , 04°17 ′ 44.2 ″ N, 75°50 ′ 32.8 ″ W, 1717 m, 09.ii.2009, coll. A. Arias, J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 3 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca Corinto , 04°17 ′ 04.2 ″ N, 75°51 ′ 53.9 ″ W, 1650 m, 20.iv.2009, coll. A. Arias, T. Kondo, J. Muñoz, 2 ( UVCO), 4 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Finca Las Margaritas , 04°17 ′ 37.1 ″ N, 75°53 ′ 18.0 ″ W, 1352 m, 26.v.2009, coll. A. Arias, T. Kondo, J. Muñoz, 3 ( UVCO), 4 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   ; Palmira: Rozo, Finca Brasil , 03°36 ′ 36.0 ″ N, 76°25 ′ 08.5 ″ W, 967 m, 10.xii.2008, coll. A. Arias, 1 ( UVCO), 3 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   . Ulloa: Finca La Catalina , 04°41 ′ 38.8 ″ N, 75°45 ′ 10.4 ″ W, 1301 m, 04.v.2009, coll. J. Muñoz, H. Rodríguez, ex avocado cv. ‘ Santana’, 2 ( UVCO), 1 ( MECP) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution. Afrotropical: Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, South Africa, Zimbabwe. Nearctic: USA. Neotropical: Argentina, Bermuda, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Trinidad, U.S. Virgin Islands. Oriental: Taiwan, Vietnam. Palaearctic: Azores, Canary Islands, Crete, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, Madeira Islands, Malta, Portugal, Spain ( Ben-Dov et al. 2015).

Remarks. The species was found on the underside of leaves of ‘Booth 8’, ‘Lorena’, ‘Santana’ and ‘Trinidad’ cultivars. Protopulvinaria pyriformis   was one of the most common soft scales on avocado in the studied area. It was found associated with sootymolds in trees with high populations of the insect. In the field, larvae of a species of Syrphidae   were observed feeding on the soft scales.

UVCO

Universidad de Valle