Scorpio maurus yemenensis,

Monod, Lionel, Duperre, Nadine & Harms, Danilo, 2019, An annotated catalogue of the scorpion types (Arachnida, Scorpiones) held in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Part I: Parvorder Iurida Soleglad & Fet, 2003, Evolutionary Systematics 3 (2), pp. 109-200: 109

publication ID

publication LSID

persistent identifier

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Evolutionary Systematics by Pensoft

scientific name

Scorpio maurus yemenensis


Scorpio maurus yemenensis  Fig. 57View Figure 57

Scorpio maurus yemenensis  Werner, 1936: 183-184, fig 4

Current combination.

Scorpio yemenensis  Werner, 1936 [raised to species-level by Lourenço and Cloudsey-Thompson 2009: 125]


♂ ( Fig. 57 A–BView Figure 57, ZMH-A000931), Arabien, Yemen, Sanaa [15°21 ’17” N, 44°12 ’24” E], 26.08.1931, Carl Rathjens leg. ( ZMH Eing. Nr. 38.1932).


9 ♂, 17 ♀, 9 subadult ♂, 5 subadult ♀, 13 juveniles ( ZMH-A0002213); 1 ♀ ( Fig. 57 C–DView Figure 57, ZMH-A000932), same data as lectotype.


Werner (1936) provided the locality name and date as "Arabien, Yemen, Huka, Hazz, 1-7.1928, Eing. No. 36, 1928". Weidner (1959) stated the same locality and a total of 55 specimens (one holotype and 54 paratypes). Although the number of specimens matches that of the series examined, the locality is different from that stated on the label in the jar. However, Huka/Haz are two villages in the Sanaa governorate, so it is possible that Werner have more detailed information on Rathjens travel itinerary. According to the ICZN, a lectotype male is designated here and the remaining specimens as paralectotypes.

Remarks on collector.

Carl August Rathjens (1887-1966) was a German geographer with a special interest in South Arabian historiography, geology and ethnography. He travelled to Yemen in 1927, 1931, 1934 and 1938 ( Anonymous 1970).