Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata Bergroth, 1894

Souma, Jun & Ishikawa, Tadashi, 2021, A taxonomic review of the genus Physopelta (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Largidae) from Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, with a new record of Ph. parviceps from China, Zootaxa 4951 (3), pp. 461-491 : 484-486

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata Bergroth, 1894


Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata Bergroth, 1894

( Figs. 1E–G View FIGURE 1 , 3F View FIGURE 3 , 4F View FIGURE 4 , 5H View FIGURE 5 , 6F View FIGURE 6 , 7F View FIGURE 7 , 8F View FIGURE 8 , 9F View FIGURE 9 , 10F View FIGURE 10 , 11F View FIGURE 11 , 12F View FIGURE 12 , 13E View FIGURE 13 , 14E View FIGURE 14 )

Physopelta quadriguttata Bergroth, 1894: 160 . Syntypes: macropterous 2 ♀, India: Sikkim; MZHF? ( Stehlík 2013: 540 View Cited Treatment ).

References. Esaki (1926: 157) (distribution); Blöte (1931: 100) (distribution); Kerzhner (2001: 246) (checklist: Palaearctic); Stehlík (2004: 3) (distribution); Miyamoto et al. (2005: 11) (distribution); Rédei et al. (2009: 13) (monograph); Kohno et al. (2012: 400) (monograph); Aukema et al. (2013: 401) (checklist: Palaearctic); Stehlík (2013: 540) (monograph); Zheng & Lin (2013: 15) (distribution); Ito (2015: 55) (distribution); Ishikawa (2016: 478) (checklist: Japan); Zhou & Rédei (2020: 5) (female genitalia).

Material examined. Non-types (macropterous 66 ♂♂ 41 ♀♀) , JAPAN: Ryukyu Islands: Yaeyama Islands: Ishigaki Is. , Nosoko Forest Road, 21.iv.1999, light trap, leg. K. Takahashi (1 ♀, TUA) ; Iriomote Is., Hoshidate , 18.xi.2004, light trap, leg. M. Hayashi (1 ♀, TUA) . TAIWAN: Yilan County: “Taiheizan (Taihoku-shû)” [= Datong Township, Mt. Taiping-shan ?], 26.vii.1932, leg. K. Sato (1 ♂, ELKU) ; as above but 24.x.1932 (2 ♀♀, ELKU) . Kaohsiung City: Taoyuan District, Baoshan, near Mt. Jianfu-shan , 23°03'07.6"N 120°44'42.7"E, 1350m alt., 3.iv.2018, light trap, leg. Y. Fukuda, S. Shimamoto & S. Taru (33 ♂♂ 22 ♀♀, TUA) GoogleMaps ; Taoyuan District, Mt. Jianfu Shan , 23°02'39.4"N 120°44'42.7"E, 26.iv.2019, leg. S. Shimamoto (15 ♂♂ 4 ♀♀, TUA) GoogleMaps . Taipei City: Wulai District , 4.v.1968, leg. Y. Watanabe (1♀, TUA) . Chiayi County: Alishan Township , 17.v.1968, leg. H. Sawada (1 ♂ 1 ♀, TUA) . Nantou County: Ren’ai Township , 24°07'38.4"N 121°15'88.8"E, 19.v.2016, light trap, leg. N. Kaneko and Y. Tamadera (15 ♂♂ 8 ♀♀, TUA) ; Nanshanchi , 16.v.1971, leg. K. Sakai (1 ♂ 1 ♀, TUA) .

Diagnosis. Recognized among other species of Physopelta by a combination of the following characters: only macropterous morph known; body 2.8 times as long as maximum width across fore wings ( Fig. 1C–E View FIGURE 1 ); calli and disc of pronotum pale brown, with orange margins ( Fig. 5H View FIGURE 5 ); scutellum brown, with numerous pale callosities; membrane of fore wing pale brown ( Fig. 6F View FIGURE 6 ); abdominal sternites paler brown with dark brown lunulae on sutures ( Figs. 3F View FIGURE 3 , 4F View FIGURE 4 ); compound eye more than 0.3 times as wide as vertex in dorsal view; antennomere I shorter than antennomere II; antennomere II nearly clavate; calli in male convex; punctures of scutellum denser in central part than in marginal part, as large as punctures of pronotum; anterior margins of fore wings not parallel to each other in rest; procoxal projection present, horn-shaped, curved, less than 1.5 times as long as its maximum width ( Fig. 7F View FIGURE 7 ); protrochanteral wrinkles present; male profemur more than 2 times as wide as mesofemur at widest part of each; male protibia lacking tooth at apex, with a single row of denticles throughout its length ventrally; peritreme of scent gland ostiole crescent-shaped, protruding posterolaterad ( Figs. 8F View FIGURE 8 , 10F View FIGURE 10 ); infolding of ventral rim of genital capsule less convex in middle part ( Fig. 9F View FIGURE 9 ); outer margin of endophallic reservoir outgrowth emarginate in apical part ( Fig. 11F View FIGURE 11 ); stem of paramere not emarginate in basal part ( Fig. 12F View FIGURE 12 ); crown of paramere at apex convex in posterior view; and inner margins of ring sclerites not parallel to each other ( Fig. 13E View FIGURE 13 ).

Description of genitalia. Genital capsule ( Fig. 9F View FIGURE 9 ) spherical, semicircular in ventral view, smooth on surface; infolding of ventral rim less convex in middle part. Phallus ( Fig. 11F View FIGURE 11 ) oblong; capitate process membranous; basal plate and phallotheca coriaceous; conjunctiva with two pairs of partly sclerotized conjunctival appendages; endophallic reservoir with a pair of outgrowths; outer margin of outgrowth emarginate in apical part. Paramere ( Fig. 12F View FIGURE 12 ) longer than its maximum width across crown; stem not emarginate in basal part; crown at apex convex in posterior view.

Female terminalia ( Fig. 13E View FIGURE 13 ) triangular in anterior view; valvulae VIII and IX combining to form an ovipositor, fused with valvifers VIII and IX, respectively; ring sclerites coriaceous in marginal part, membranous in central part, protruding inward, with inner margins not parallel to each other. Spermatheca ( Fig. 14E View FIGURE 14 ) membranous; apical receptacle spherical; intermediate part in width uniform; spermathecal duct apically widened.

Remarks. In terms of general appearance, Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata strongly resembles Ph. (N.) redeii, but the former can be distinguished from the latter by the body form, which is 2.8 times as long as maximum width across the fore wings. In contrast, Ph. (N.) redeii has the body 2.5 times as long as the maximum width across the fore wings.

The teratological from in pronotum is found in Ph. (N.) quadriguttata ( Figs. 1G View FIGURE 1 , 5H View FIGURE 5 ). The calli of this individual is more convex in the left part than in the right part. In Neophysopelta , sexual dimorphism in the swelling degree of the calli and similar dimorphism between larger and smaller male has been known as mentioned in the previous section. In this individual, the left and right parts of the calli represents dimorphism between larger male and female/smaller male, respectively.

Distribution. Japan: Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki Island, Iriomote Island) ( Miyamoto et al. 2005; Kohno et al. 2012; Ito 2015; present study); Taiwan (main island) ( Esaki 1926; Kerzhner 2001; Rédei et al. 2009; Stehlík 2013; Zheng & Lin 2013; present study); China ( Stehlík 2013); India ( Bergroth 1894); Laos ( Stehlík 2013); Nepal ( Stehlík 2004); Thailand ( Stehlík 2013); Vietnam ( Stehlík 2013).

Host plant. In Taiwan, this species was collected from Mallotus paniculatus (Lam.) Müll. Arg. ( Euphorbiaceae ), and Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro. ( Poaceae ) ( Zheng & Lin 2013), but nymphs have not been collected to date. Therefore, the “true” host plant for Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata is still unknown.

Biology. Adults are attracted to artificial light ( Rédei et al. 2009; Zheng & Lin 2013; present paper).














Physopelta (Neophysopelta) quadriguttata Bergroth, 1894

Souma, Jun & Ishikawa, Tadashi 2021

Physopelta quadriguttata

Stehlik, J. L. 2013: 540
Bergroth, E. 1894: 160