Larinus gravidus ( Olivier, 1807 ), Olivier, 1807

Gültekin, Levent & Perrin, Hélène, 2011, Study of a part of the A. G. Olivier Lixini collection (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): lectotype designations, new synonymies and nomenclatural acts, Zootaxa 2943, pp. 45-57: 48-50

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.278160

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Larinus gravidus ( Olivier, 1807 )


Larinus gravidus ( Olivier, 1807)  

Figs. 5–6 View FIGURES 5 – 8 , 19 View FIGURES 17 – 20 .

Lixus gravidus Olivier, 1807: 275   ; pl. 30, fig. 450.

Original description. " L. longirostris fuscus   , thoracis lateribus albis, elytris striatis albo   pulverulentis. Similis L. Scolymi. Antennae nigrae apice cinereae. Rostrum incurvum cylindricum nigrum basi cinereo pubescens, a basi usque ad insertionem antennarum linea vix elevata; inter antennas foveola oblonga. Thorax punctatus fuscus lateribus albo   pubescentibus. Elytra striato-punctata fusca pube alba irrorata. Corpus subtus pedesque fusca cinereo pubescentia. Femora mutica."

Type locality. “Amérique septentrionale”.

Types. In a box in the MNHN recently given by Olivier’s family to the Museum, there is a female bearing the labels “COLLECTION OLIVIER TYPE ” printed on a green round paper, “ Rhinobatus, Gravidus. Ol., C. Olivier, Amer.   bor.” handwritten on green paper, and “MUSEUM PARIS, Famille Olivier, leg. 1995 ”, “ MNHN EC 1940 ” printed. The specimen, agreeing with both description and type locality is here designated as the lectotype with: “ LECTOTYPUS Ƥ, Lixus gravidus Olivier, Gültekin & Perrin   des. 2010 ”, identified as “ Larinus gravidus (Olivier)   , Gültekin det. 2010 ”. The lectotype is pinned through the right elytron.

Remarks. Description and label data of the type specimen are in accordance with the original description ( Olivier 1807); however, there is no further record about the finding of this species in America ( O’Brien & Wibmer, 1982; Wibmer & O'Brien, 1986). Members of the genus Larinus   are not distributed in the Nearctic, Neotropical and Australian regions ( Csiki, 1934), except for species introduced into the United States of America such as L. minutus Gyllenhal, 1835   , L. obtusus Gyllenhal, 1835   and L. curtus Hochhuth, 1851   (Lang et al. 1997; Sobhian & Fornasari, 1994), and into the Australian region, like L. latus (Herbst, 1783) ( Woodburn & Briese, 1996)   , for biological control of weeds. Recently an accidental introduction into the United States of L. carlinae ( Olivier, 1807) ( McClay, 1990)   [= Larinus planus sensu Germar, 1824   , (not Fabricius, 1792)] (see Gültekin, 2006) was also reported. Consequently, we considered the type locality “Amérique septentrionale” as erroneus, also because L. gravidus ( Olivier, 1807)   turns out to be conspecific with L. schoenherri Capiomont, 1874   which is distributed in Spain, Portugal and Algeria ( Csiki, 1934; Alonso-Zarazaga, 2002). Consequently: Larinus gravidus ( Olivier, 1807)   [= L. schoenherri Capiomont, 1874   , syn. nov.].


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle














Larinus gravidus ( Olivier, 1807 )

Gültekin, Levent & Perrin, Hélène 2011

Lixus gravidus

Olivier 1807: 275