Stylaster Gray, 1831

Cairns, Stephen D. & Lindner, Alberto, 2011, A Revision of the Stylasteridae (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Filifera) from Alaska and Adjacent Waters, ZooKeys 158, pp. 1-88: 27

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.158.1910

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BDBD8901-0EEC-4134-8000-AB84006E5E57

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/384ACC7A-D3DD-9A3F-B7A2-247C50EF7CDD

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ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Stylaster Gray, 1831
status

 

Genus Stylaster Gray, 1831  

Diagnosis.

Colonies branching in a flabellum or a bush shape (in only one case lamellate). Coenosteum usually reticulate-granular but may be linear-imbricate; coenosteum of many colors and hardness. Gastro- and dactylopores arranged in conventional cyclosystem arrangement, with only one gastrostyle per cyclosystem; pores of the peripheral type; supernumerary dactylopores often present. Cyclosystems arranged on branch edges and/or on corallum faces, or uniformly on all branch surfaces, but not unifacially. Gastropore tube single-chambered, but may be constricted by a ring palisade. Dactylostyles present. Ampullae usually superficial.

Discussion.

The genus and its various grouping are discussed by Cairns (1983b) and a key to all stylasterid genera, including the groups of Stylaster   , is provided by Cairns (1992). Currently there are 80 recognized Recent species and 7 fossil species ( Appeltans et al. 2011: WoRMS data base: www.marinespecies.org). It is by far the most species-rich and diverse genus of the stylasterids.

Type species.

Madrepora roseus   Pallas, 1766, by subsequent designation ( Milne Edwards and Haime 1850: xxii), a member of Group B.

Distribution.

Oligocene to Recent: cosmopolitan from depths of 0-2010 m ( Cairns 1992; Appeltans et al. 2011).