Ipomoea lindenii M. Martens & Galeotti

Wood, John R. I., Munoz-Rodriguez, Pablo, Williams, Bethany R. M. & Scotland, Robert W., 2020, A foundation monograph of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the New World, PhytoKeys 143, pp. 1-823: 1

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Ipomoea lindenii M. Martens & Galeotti


400 . Ipomoea lindenii M. Martens & Galeotti   , Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 12: 264. 1845. (Martens and Galeotti 1845: 264)

Rivea lindenii (M. Martens & Galeotti) Hallier   f., Bot. Jahrb. 18: 158. 1894 [pub. 1893]. (Hallier 1893b: 158).

Ipomoea cyanantha Griseb.   , Fl. Br. West Indian Islands 469. 1864 [pub. 1862]. (Grisebach 1862b: 469. Type. JAMAICA. Mountains of St Andrews, Purdie s.n. (lectotype K00612707, designated by Wood and Scotland 2017c: 15).

Ipomoea brevipes Peter   , Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 4 (3a): 30. 1897 [pub. 1891]. (Peter 1891: 30), nom. illeg., non Ipomoea brevipes Choisy (1845)   . Type. GUATEMALA. Retaluleu, K.G. Bernoulli & Cario 1885 (lectotype GOET005712, designated by Staples et al. 2012: 675).

Ipomoea pandurata Conzatti   & L.C. Smith, Fl. Sinóp. Mex. 3: 48. 1895. (Conzatti and Smith 1895: 48), nom. illeg., non Ipomoea pandurata   (L.) G. Mey. (1818). Type. MEXICO. Oaxaca, Jayacatlan, L.C. Smith 142 (holotype GH00054526).

Ipomoea sabulosa House   , Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18 (6): 228. 1908. (House 1908b: 228). Type. Based on Ipomoea pandurata Conzatti   & L.C. Smith

Ipomoea plicata Urb. ex House   , Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18 (6): 226. 1908. (House 1908b: 226). Type. JAMAICA. Holly Mount. Mt. Diablo, W. Harris 8997 (holotype NY00111097, isotypes BM, K, F).

Ipomoea sabulosa var. hirtella House   , Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18 (6): 228. 1908 (House 1908b: 228). Type. MEXICO. Chiapas, E.W. Nelson 3281 (holotype US00111462, isotype GH).

Ipomoea sabulosa var. mollicella House   , Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18 (6): 228. 1908. 1908 (House 1908b: 228). Type. MEXICO. Oaxaca, A.L. Smith 640 (holotype GH00054539).

Ipomoea nicoyana House   , Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18: 231. 1908. (House 1908b: 231). Type. COSTA RICA. Nicoya, A. Tónduz 13671 (holotype NY00319121, isotypes BM, US).

Ipomoea armentalis L.O. Williams, Fieldiana   , Bot. 32: 185.1970. (Williams 1970a: 185). Type. MEXICO. Chiapas, 3 miles south of Agucatenango, D.E. Breedlove & P.H. Raven 13435 (lectotype F0054823, designated here).

Ipomoea flavida L.O. Williams Fieldiana   , Bot. 32: 190.1970. (Williams 1970a: 190). Type. GUATEMALA. Alta Verapaz, H. von Türckheim 3930 (holotype US00111393, isotypes F, M).


MEXICO. Veracruz, H. Galeotti 1360 (BR00006973308 lectotype, designated by Wood and Scotland 2017c: 15).


Vigorous twining perennial to 8 m; stems pubescent or glabrous, wiry, woody. Leaves rather shortly petiolate, 2.5-9.5(-16) × 1.5-8.5 cm, ovate, apex finely acuminate, mucronulate, often falcate, base shallowly cordate with rounded auricles, margins often somewhat undulate, abaxially paler, the veins prominent, usually glabrous, sometimes pubescent; petioles 1.7-8.5 cm, conspicuously slender, usually glabrous. Inflorescence of shortly pedunculate axillary cymes, sometimes subumbellate and sometimes developing on small side shoots; peduncles 0-15 mm; bracteoles not seen; pedicels 7-27 mm; sepals slightly unequal, outer 5-15 × (2-)3.5-5 mm, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, margins scarious, glabrous, inner 10-18 × (2-)6 mm, oblong-ovate, obtuse to rounded, margins scarious; corolla 5-6 cm long, bluish or white to lemon-yellow, fragrant, narrowly funnel-shaped, ventricose above a short basal tube 1-1.5 cm long, glabrous except short hairs on the margins of the lobes, limb c. 4 cm diam. sometimes dark pink. Capsules 12-14 × 8-10 mm, broadly ovoid, glabrous, the style persistent as a 4-6 mm long mucro; seeds 6-7 × 3.5 mm, dark brown with long whitish or brownish hairs on margins.


Figure 195 View Figure 195 .


Widely distributed in moist forest from the northern Andes of Peru, Colombia and Venezuela through Central America to southern Mexico, with isolated populations in Bolivia, Peru and Jamaica. It is found up to about 2000 m but most records are from below 1500 m.

BOLIVIA. La Paz: Inquisivi, Com. Khora-Mikilpirhua hacia Lakachaca, N. Salinas 3134 (LPB).

PERU. Amazonas: Mendoza-Arenal, H. Van   der Werff et al. 16994 (MO). Madre de Dios: Manu, Río Salvación, P. Nuñez 6584 (F). Pasco: Oxapampa, G. Castillo et al. 1028 (MO, USM); ibid., R. Rojas et al. 1225 (USM); P.N. Yanachaga-Chemillen, R. Rojas et al. 7964 (MO, OXF). San Martin: Zepalación, near Moyobamba G. Klug 3603 (K, MO, S, US).

COLOMBIA. Cundinamarca: Laguna Verde, Zipacón, L. Uribe 5049 (COL). Huila: Vereda Cachaya, G. Morales 019 (COL). Santander: Virolín, R. Torres 2519 (COL).

VENEZUELA. Sine loc., Moritz 1243 (BM). Lara: J. Steyermark & Espinoza 111046 (VEN). Mérida: camino a La Carbonera, F.J. Breteler 3236 (MO, S, WAG); G. Morillo 14450 (OXF). Portuguesa: Cerro Córdoba, J. Steyermark & R. Liesner 126887 (MO). Trujillo: Salta La Nevera, J. Steyermark & Rabe 97195 (US, MO). Yaracuy: J. Steyermark & Wessels-Boer 100385 (VEN).

PANAMA. Isla de Coba, J. Cuadras et al. 7978 (K, MA); Chepo, J.P. Folsom et al. 6806 (FTG, MO); Canal area, G. McPherson 11854 (MO).

COSTA RICA. Alajuela, San Ramón, B. Hammel 19361 (BM); Santa Elena, P. Wilkin 441 (BM); San Luis, V. Dryer 1668 (F).

NICARAGUA. Chontales, W.D. Stevens & O.M. Montiel 33465 (MO); Jinotega, Reserva El Jaguar, I. Coronado et al. 5590 (HULE, MO).

HONDURAS. Copán Ruinas, A. Molina  24776 (F, MO); El Portillo-El Porvenir, A & A.R. Molina  25434 (F).

EL SALVADOR. Sonsonate, R. Villacorta & M. Renderos 02583 (MO).

BELIZE. Orange Walk, T. Croat 24979 (MO).

GUATEMALA. Baja Verapaz, H. Von Türckheim 3930 (BM, F).

MEXICO. Chiapas: Ocosingo, D.E. Breedlove 27798 (MO). Est. México & Dist. Fed.: Temascaltepec, G.B. Hinton 8592 (K). Guerrero: Montes de Oca, G.B. Hinton 11561 (K). Michoacán: G.B. & J.C. Hinton 16038 (GBH). Oaxaca: S. Maya 476 (MO); Pochutla, A. Nava Zafra & J. Pascual 188 (IEB). Querétaro: San Juan Bautista, H. Rubio 76 (IEB); Jalpán, E. Carranza & E. Pérez 5212 (IEB). Sinaloa: C.D. Johnson 128-73 (MO). Tabasco: Villahermosa-Teapa, M.A. Magaña 2306 (IEB). Veracruz: C.A. Purpus 7586 (S).

JAMAICA. St Andrew, Chestervale, G.R. Proctor 25615 (BM); Troy, W. Harris 9034 (BM, K), 12626 (NY); St Elizabeth, Chelsea, E.T. Robertson 5650 (BM); St Catherine, Hollymount, C.D. Adams 11692 (BM).


Ipomoea plicata   was published by House in Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 18(6): 226 not later than 11 May 1908. The same species was published by Urban on 20 May 2008 in Symbolae Antillanae 5: 471.

Generally nearly glabrous but the type of Ipomoea nicoyana   is noticeably hairy. The sepals are variable in size. The corolla is also very variable in colour ranging from cream to dark blue or combinations of these colours. Despite the variation this species is usually easily recognised by the narrowly ovate or oblong-ovate sepals, very short peduncles and the unusual flower colour.

The collection from Bolivia is a fruiting specimen but appears correctly named. The record from Ecuador (R. Benoist 4798 (P) in Austin 1982a) is based on a misidentification. However, the occurrence of I. lindenii   in Ecuador is expected.














Ipomoea lindenii M. Martens & Galeotti

Wood, John R. I., Munoz-Rodriguez, Pablo, Williams, Bethany R. M. & Scotland, Robert W. 2020

Ipomoea brevipes

Choisy 1845