Coprophanaeus, Olsoufieff, 1924

Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J., 2010, A taxonomic review of the neotropical genus Coprophanaeus Olsoufieff, 1924 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae), Insecta Mundi 2010 (129), pp. 1-111 : 71-73

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5352924

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/3A7F7B2C-7F36-8831-FF34-FB3220A8ECD2

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Coprophanaeus
status

 

Coprophanaeus (C.) chiriquensis ( Olsoufieff, 1924)

Fig. 154-157 View Figure 151-161 , 164 View Figure 162-170 , 172 View Figure 172 , 205-209 View Figure 205-212

Phanaeus chiriquensis Olsoufieff, 1924: 73

Coprophanaeus chiriquensis (Olsoufieff) (recomb. by Blackwelder 1944: 209)

Coprophanaeus uhleri Malý and Pokorný, 2008: 6 New Synonymy

Type. P. chiriquensis female lectotype (des. by Arnaud, 1982: 116), Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (examined by photo) ; C. uhleri – holotype male, National Museum , Prague (examined) .

Diagnosis. General – Black except for dark blue metallic coloring on pronotum and pygidium. Clypeal teeth normal, length about equal to width at base. Eyes normal, width of upper portion one-fourth to onefifth of interocular distance. Frons with weak, sparse puncturing behind transverse carina. Paraocular area completely sculptured, sculpturing weakening closer to eye. Posterior portion of pronotum usually smooth, at most with very weak, sparse puncturing; basal pronotal fossae distinct. Anterior angle of metasternum with rounded cap (seen in profile, as in Fig. 167 View Figure 162-170 ). Elytral interstriae distinctly convex, usually shinier midlongitudinally ( Fig. 205, 208 View Figure 205-212 ). Pygidium usually lacking basal groove, rarely narrow groove present. Length 15-20 mm.

Male ( Fig. 154-157 View Figure 151-161 , 205-207 View Figure 205-212 ) – Length of frons about one and half times that of clypeus. Teeth of cephalic carina closely set, distance between lateral teeth usually about one-half that of interocular distance. Pronotum with large, oval fovea mesial to lateral fossa (as in Fig. 210 View Figure 205-212 , arrow). Pronotal prominence of large male bitumid ( Fig. 154-157 View Figure 151-161 ); tumescences widely separated, usually connected by ridge, each with flattened, triangular area on dorsal surface. Parameres with acute subapical tooth ( Fig. 207, 212 View Figure 205-212 ).

Female ( Fig. 208-209 View Figure 205-212 ) – Distance between lateral teeth of cephalic carina clearly greater than one-half of interocular distance. Lengths of frons and clypeus about equal. Transverse pronotal carina bidentate medially, followed by transverse depression.

Specimens examined – 130.

Distribution. Central cordillera of Costa Rica between Eastern Central America and Western Isthmus provinces ( Fig. 172 View Figure 172 ).

Collection Records. COSTA RICA: Alajuela – 3.5 km E Bijagua [ Heliconas Lodge ], 10 o 42’45.2”N 85 o 02’28.5”W (May-Jun) GoogleMaps ; Parque Nacional Guanacaste [Estación San Ramón], 620 m (Jun) ; Reserva Biológica Alberto Brenes, Río San Lorencito , 850 m (Jun) . Cartago – Río Grande de Orosi , 1150-1600 m (Dec) ; 19.3 km NE San José , 1010 m (May) . Guanacaste – 9 km S Santa Cecilia [Estación Pitilla], 700 m (Jun-Jul) ; Tierras Morenas, 700 m (Mar); Rincón de la Vieja National Park , 775 m (Jun) . Heredia – 16 km SSE La Virgen, 10 o 16’N 84 o 05’W, 1100 m ( Mar ) GoogleMaps . Puntarenas – San Vito [ OTS Las Cruces Field Station], 1200 m ( May-Jul ) ; 6 km S San Vito , 1000 m (Apr-May) ; Monteverde, 1400m (May-Aug); 1 km NE Sitio Portones [Zona Protectora Las Tablas], 1530m (May) ; 1 km SW Cerro Biolley, Buenos Aires [Estación Altamira], 9 o 01’58”N 83 o 00’39”W, 1300-1450 m (Feb, Mar, Jul, Nov) GoogleMaps ; 1.4 km NE La Tigra [Avenida El Pizote], 1300 m (Jul) ; Estación La Casona, Monte Verde , 10 o 18.5’N 84 o 47.8’W, 1520 m (Jun) GoogleMaps . PANAMA: Chiriquí – 4km N Santa Clara [ Hartmann’s Finca ], 8 o 51’N 82 o 46’W, 1500 m (Jun-Aug) GoogleMaps ; La Fortuna Dam, 1000m (Jul); 15km NE Gualaca [ Cerro Hornito], 1200 m (Jul-Sep) ; 33.1 km S Chiriquí Grande, 800 m (Dec) ; Boquete (Jun). Veraguas – 8 km W Santa Fe [ Cerro Tute], 8 o 30’26”N 81 o 06’49”W, 900 m. GoogleMaps

Comments. Coprophanaeus uhleri is based on smaller specimens that fit well within the observed variation of C. chiriquensis . Pereira and Martínez (1956; see also 1960) erroneously synonymized this species with C. corythus . The posterior portion of the pronotum (as well as the frons) is smooth and usually devoid of any distinct punctures; rare individuals (usually large females) can show distinct, sparse puncturing (x10) (see C. gilli ). Coprophanaeus chiriquensis has been collected along with C. pecki in the Chiriquí region of Panama; but otherwise its distribution follows the cloud forests of the central Costa Rican cordillera that separates the Western Isthmus province from Eastern Central America province.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Loc

Coprophanaeus

Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J. 2010
2010
Loc

Coprophanaeus uhleri Malý and Pokorný, 2008: 6

Maly, V. & S. Pokorny 2008: 6
2008
Loc

Coprophanaeus chiriquensis (Olsoufieff)

Blackwelder, R. E. 1944: 209
1944
Loc

Phanaeus chiriquensis

Olsoufieff, G. 1924: 73
1924