Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847,

Marusik, Yuri M. & Nadolny, Anton A., 2020, On the identity of Trochosa hispanica (Araneae, Lycosidae), with notes on the synonymy of West Palaearctic “ Trochosa ” species, Zootaxa 4859 (1), pp. 56-80: 58

publication ID

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847


Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847 

Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847: 95  ; Engelhardt 1964: 224; Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu 1971: 221; Dondale & Redner 1990: 22; Zyuzin 1990: 422; Almquist 2005: 246; Tanaka 1988: 94.

Type species: Aranea lupus ruricola De Geer, 1778  .

Diagnosis. Trochosa  resembles Pirata Sundevall, 1833  and the related genera Piratula Roewer, 1960  and Trebacosa Dondale & Redner, 1981  by the carapace pattern: a pair of longitudinal stripes in the anterior part of a light median band. However, the genus can be easily separated from the others due to its large size, and the parallel longitudinal stripes in Trochosa  ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1) which are converging posteriorly in Pirata  and related genera (see Omelko et al. 2011). Trochosa  can be differentiated from the genera mentioned before by the copulatory organs, which are similar to those of Hogna Simon, 1885  . Members of Trochosa  and Hogna  differ from other genera by having a triangular tegular apophysis (ventral view), an elliptically curved embolus with a basal transparent membrane, a pointed synembolus, and the epigyne has an anchor-shaped septum and a pair of deep anterior hoods. Trochosa  can be differentiated from Hogna  by: 1) the lack of strong macrosetae on the cymbial apex (vs. present); 2) the epigyne having a small fovea, and the septal stem covering more than half of the fovea (in Hogna  , the fovea is larger, equal to three times the width of the septal stem); 3) the width of the septal base is equal to the length of the septum (in the West Palaearctic, Hogna  ’s septum length is 1.2–1.4 times longer than the width of the septal base); 4) the septal stem widens anteriorly (in Hogna  , the septum edges are parallel).

Comments. A search for published figures and types of species described by Roewer (1955a) reveals that some arachnologists are not aware of the key characters of the genus. For example, Roewer (1955a) described T. hispanica  under three different names in three different genera but none of them in Trochosa  . Simultaneously, he placed a species, Hippasa loeffleri ( Roewer, 1955a)  , belonging to a different subfamily, as well as Arctosa tbilisiensis Mcheidze, 1946  (= Trochosa impercussa Roewer, 1955a  ) in Trochosa  . In the revision of Australian Trochosa, McKay (1979)  treated 12 species, although 11 of them are now transferred to other genera. The remaining Trochosa glarea McKay, 1979  , known only from the female, has an epigyne that differs from those of the generotype.












Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847

Marusik, Yuri M. & Nadolny, Anton A. 2020

Trochosa C.L. Koch, 1847: 95

Almquist, S. 2005: 246
Dondale, C. D. & Redner, J. H. 1990: 22
Zyuzin, A. A. 1990: 422
Tanaka, H. 1988: 94
Fuhn, I. E. & Niculescu-Burlacu, F. 1971: 221
Engelhardt, W. 1964: 224
Koch, C. L. 1847: 95