Scoletoma tetraura (Schmarda, 1861),

Faulwetter, Sarah, Simboura, Nomiki, Katsiaras, Nikolaos, Chatzigeorgiou, Giorgos & Arvanitidis, Christos, 2017, Polychaetes of Greece: an updated and annotated checklist, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 20997-20997: 20997

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Scoletoma tetraura (Schmarda, 1861)


Scoletoma tetraura (Schmarda, 1861) 

Lumbrineris tetraura  (Schmarda, 1861) | Scoletoma tetraura  (Schmarda, 1861)


Questionable status. Reported from Greece by Koukouras and Rousso (1991). In the Mediterranean also known from Turkey ( Doğan et al. 2005; but considered questionable by Çınar et al. 2014), Cyprus ( Çınar 2005), Italy ( Castelli et al. 2008), Albania ( Marzano et al. 2010) and the Adriatic (listed under Scoletoma impatiens  ( Claparède, 1968) by Mikac (2015)). Originally described from South Africa. George and Hartmann-Schröder (1985) synonymised the European species Scoletoma impatiens  with Scoletoma tetraura  . However, several authors question the presence of the latter in Europe and suggest using the name Scoletoma impatiens  for specimens from the area until a more detailed revision becomes available ( Martins et al. 2012, Çınar et al. 2014, Gómez et al. 2015, Mikac 2015, D’Alessandro et al. 2016). The main diagnostic character of the genus can be problematic, since several juvenile specimens of Lumbrineris  and Hilbigneris  species may lack composite hooded hooks and can be key out as Scoletoma  ( Oug 2011).