Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903,

M. P. Oliveira 1,16, S P. Miranda 2, *,, Es W. Mianzan 10,, Ro E. Migotto 11,, Ne B. Nascimento 2,11, Eli Nogueira Júnior 12,, Er Quiñones 13,, Izio Scarabino 14,, Tín Schiariti 10,, Io N. Stampar 15,, Tronolone 2, , Quíria B. & Onio C. Marques 2,11, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 154

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

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Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903


Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903 

Synonyms in the area: Eucopella crenata  —Hartlaub 1905 [non Orthopyxis crenata (Hartlaub, 1901)  ] [polyp];? Campanularia tincta var. eurycalyx  —Hartlaub 1905 [polyp];? Campanularia lennoxensis  —Nutting 1915 p. 52–53 [non Orthopyxis lennoxensis  —Vannucci Mendes 1946 = Orthopyxis sargassicola (Nutting, 1915)  ] [polyp]; Orthopyxis everta  —Blanco 1967a [polyp]; Campanularia (Orthopyxis) everta  —Vervoort 1972 p. 87–89 [polyp] [non Campanularia everta Clark, 1876a  ];? Campanularia euricalyx  —Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp] [incorrect subsequent spelling]; Orthopyxis lennoxensis  —Wedler 1975; Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp].

Remarks: Millard (1971 p. 403–404) described Campanularia subantarctica  and considered the species similar to Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903  , which has thicker perisarc than that of Millard’s species. Galea et al. (2009b p. 16–17) did not consider this difference as a valid character to distinguish both species and designated Campanularia subantarctica Millard, 1971  as a junior synonym of Campanularia lennoxensis Jäderholm, 1903  . However, Cunha et al. (2015) found that perisarc thickness is informative for delimiting species in Orthopyxis  , in spite of its intraspecific variation. Even though this was not tested for C. subantarctica  , here we conservatively consider these species as separate, and the names included in the synonym of C. lennoxensis  provisional, pending more detailed study.

Distribution in South America: polyp—Pacific Ocean, Chile, from 43.37°S to 55.28°S (Jäderholm 1903 p. 268–269; Nutting 1915 p. 52–53; Galea et al. 2009b p. 16–17); Atlantic Ocean, Colombia, at Santa Marta coast, Argentina, from 42.75°S to 53°S, at Malvinas (Falkland) Islands (Hartlaub 1905; Blanco 1967a; Vervoort 1972; Wedler 1975; Bandel & Wedler 1987; Genzano & Zamponi 1997).

Habitat: polyp—from 12 to 119m depth, on algae and epizoic on several species of hydroids (Jäderholm 1903; Blanco 1967a; Vervoort 1972 p. 87–89; Bandel & Wedler 1987; Galea et al. 2009b p. 16–17).