Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863),

M. P. Oliveira 1,16, S P. Miranda 2, *,, Es W. Mianzan 10,, Ro E. Migotto 11,, Ne B. Nascimento 2,11, Eli Nogueira Júnior 12,, Er Quiñones 13,, Izio Scarabino 14,, Tín Schiariti 10,, Io N. Stampar 15,, Tronolone 2, , Quíria B. & Onio C. Marques 2,11, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 52-53

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C21A07A7-3AD9-4AA2-8426-EAB08BA396E6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4511842

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3F6387A9-FFDE-E27D-85D8-F9E4DF3D67AD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863)
status

 

Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863) 

Synonyms in the area: Bougainvillia ramosa  —Vannucci 1957 [medusa]; Vannucci & Rees 1961 [polyp and medusa]; Moreira 1973; Goy 1979; Navas-Pereira 1980; Ramírez & Zamponi 1980, 1981; Zamponi 1983a [medusa]; Blanco 1988, 1994a; Haddad 1992; Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp]; Bougainvillia pyramidata  —Galea 2007 [polyp and medusa] Palma et al. 2007a; Villenas et al. 2009 [medusa] [non Bougainvillia pyramidata (Forbes & Goodsir, 1851)  ]; Bougainvillia  sp. Miranda  & Marques, 2006, abstract [polyp].

Remarks: the polyp was recorded as Bougainvillia ramosa (van Beneden, 1844)  for the Brazilian coast and off Buenos Aires by Vannucci (1957), Vannucci & Rees (1961), Moreira (1973), Navas-Pereira (1980), Ramírez & Zamponi (1981), Blanco (1988), Haddad (1992) and Genzano (1995). Haddad (1992), based on poorly preserved material, assigned her record for Paraná State ( Brazil) as doubtful. Medusae recorded as B. ramosa  by Goy (1979) and off Buenos Aires and North Patagonian by Ramírez & Zamponi (1980) and Zamponi (1983a), respectively.

Distribution in South America: polyp—Pacific Ocean, Chile, from 41.67°S to 52.15°S (Galea 2007 p. 19-21; Galea et al. 2009a p. 309; Galea & Schories 2012a p. 23-25); Atlantic Ocean, Brazil to Argentina, at 9.84°S 35.88°W, from 22.93°S to 29.35°S, from 35°S to 42°S (Vannucci & Rees 1961; Blanco 1988, 1994a; Haddad 1992; Genzano 1995; Genzano & Zamponi 1997; Migotto et al. 2002; Oliveira 2003; Bornancin 2008; Maronna et al. 2008, abstract; Genzano et al. 2009a; Cangussu et al. 2010; Silveira & Morandini 2011; Miranda  et al. 2011, 2015; Bumbeer & Rocha 2012; Fernandez et al. 2014, 2015);

medusa—Pacific Ocean, Chile, from 42.15°S to 55.136°S in the Patagonian interior waters (Galea 2007 p. 19- 21; Palma et al. 2007a; 2014a; Villenas et al. 2009; Bravo et al. 2011); Atlantic Ocean, Brazil to Argentina, from 16°S to 42.5°S (Vannucci 1957, 1963; Vannucci & Rees 1961; Moreira 1973; Goy 1979; Navas-Pereira 1980; Ramírez & Zamponi 1980, 1981; Zamponi 1983a; Montú & Cordeiro 1988; Migotto et al. 2002; Genzano et al. 2008a; Nogueira Jr. 2012; Guerrero et al. 2013; Marques et al. 2013; Nogueira Jr. et al. 2015a).

Habitat: polyp—from intertidal zone to 32m depth, epiphytic and epizoic, commonly found on fouling, hard substrate, mussels and other invertebrates (Haddad 1992; Oliveira 2003; Bornancin 2008; Galea 2007; Galea et al. 2009a; Fernandez et al. 2014, 2015).