Corymorpha januarii Steenstrup, 1855,

M. P. Oliveira 1,16, S P. Miranda 2, *,, Es W. Mianzan 10,, Ro E. Migotto 11,, Ne B. Nascimento 2,11, Eli Nogueira Júnior 12,, Er Quiñones 13,, Izio Scarabino 14,, Tín Schiariti 10,, Io N. Stampar 15,, Tronolone 2, , Quíria B. & Onio C. Marques 2,11, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 32-33

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

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Corymorpha januarii Steenstrup, 1855


Corymorpha januarii Steenstrup, 1855 

Synonyms in the area: Amalthea  ? Hybocodon  ? januarii  —Mayer 1910 [medusa]; Amalthea  ? januarii  —Vannucci 1951a [medusa]; Corymorpha  sp. Migotto & Silveira, 1987 [polyp]; Hybocodon unicus  —Zamponi & Facal 1987; Genzano et al. 2009a [non Hybocodon unicus (Browne, 1902)  ] [polyp].

Remarks: Vannucci (1951a) recorded Amalthea  ? januarii (Steenstrup, 1854)  for the region extended between Ilha Grande and Cabo Frio ( Brazil), based on the record of Amalthea  ? Hybocodon  ? januarii  from Mayer (1910a) for Rio de Janeiro State. Migotto & Silveira (1987) recorded Corymorpha  sp. for Ubatuba, subsequently reidentified as Corymorpha januarii Steenstrup, 1854 (Silveira & Migotto 1992)  .

Distribution in South America: polyp—Atlantic Ocean, Brazil to Argentina, from 22°S to 42.64°S (Steenstrup 1854; Vannucci 1951b; Mayer 1910; Migotto & Silveira 1987; Silveira & Migotto 1992; Migotto et al. 2002; Genzano et al. 2009a, 2009b; Silveira & Morandini 2011; Miranda  et al. 2015);

medusa—Atlantic Ocean, Brazil to Argentina, from 23°S to 24°S, from 27°S to 28°S, from 37°S to 42.5°S (Vannucci 1951b; Silveira & Migotto 1992; Tronolone 2001; Migotto et al. 2002; Genzano et al. 2009b; Nogueira Jr. 2012; Guerrero et al. 2013; Nogueira Jr. et al. 2015a).

Habitat: endemic to the southwestern Atlantic Ocean; polyp—with digging behavior, with basal part embedded in soft bottoms in shallow waters, up to 25m depth;

medusa—planktonic medusae with ephemeral life, rarely sampled in plankton tows. (Migotto & Silveira 1987; Silveira & Migotto 1992; Genzano et al. 2009a).