Pratylenchus thornei, Sher & Allen 1953, Sher & Allen, 1953

Alvani, Somaye, Mahdikhani-Moghadam, Esmat, Rouhani, Hamid & Mohammadi, Abbas, 2016, A checklist of the family Pratylenchidae Thorne, 1949 from Iran, Zootaxa 4079 (2), pp. 179-204: 192-194

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4079.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:162312D2-32D7-4246-B5E8-7844BA349F79

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/404887B6-FF98-244F-A9B3-FB4718DBFC35

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pratylenchus thornei
status

 

24. P. thornei   Sher & Allen 1953

Syn: P. peelari   in Chawla & Prasad 1973

P. ranjani (Khan & Singh 1975) Pourjam, Kheiri, Geraert & Alizadeh 1999   a

P. allius (Shahina & Maqbool 1996) Siddiqi 2000   n. syn.

(Pourjam et al. 1999 a) 48 ♀: L= 550 (420–680) µm; a = 31 (23–37); b = 6.5 (5.2–8); b' = 4.4 (3.3–5.4); c = 20 (15–26); c' = 2.6 (1.9–3.5); St = 16 (15–17.5) µm; V = 77 (72–82)

1 ♂: L= 580 µm; a = 36.3; b = 6.7; b' = 5.2; c = 19.3; c' = 2.7; St = 14.5 µm; Spicule = 19 µm

Associated plants and localities. Alfalfa (Alborz, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan, Yazd and Zanjan), almond ( Fars and Hamedan), apple (Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), banana (Sistan and Baluchestan), barley (East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), bean (Alborz, Ardabil and East Azerbaijan), beet (East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), cereal (north and central provinces), cherry (Gilan, Kermanshah, Mazandaran and Qom), citrus (Hormozgan), corn (Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), cotton (East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), Crocus sativus   (South Khorasan), cucumber (Kerman), date (Kerman), Fig (Gilan, Kerman and Mazandaran), grapevine (East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Kermanshah, Kordestan, Markazi, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), hazelnut (Gilan and Mazandaran), nectarine (Gilan and Mazandaran), olive (Gilan, Golestan, Mazandaran and Zanjan), orange (Gilan and Mazandaran), pea ( Fars, Kermanshah, Lorestan, Qom and Razavi Khorasan,), peach (Ardabil), peanut (Alborz), persimmon (Gilan and Mazandaran), pine (Markazi, Qom and Tehran), pistachio (Kerman, Qom, Semnan and Yazd), plum (Gilan, Kerman and Mazandaran), pomegranate (Lorestan), potato (Alborz, Ardabil, East Azerbaijan, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Kordestan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), quince (Gilan and Mazandaran), rapeseed (Esfahan, Fars, Lorestan, North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan and Tehran), rice (Khuzestan), soyben (Alborz, Ardabil, Fars, Golestan, Lorestan, Mazandaran and Razavi Khorasan), strawberry (Kordestan), sugar beet (Alborz, Ardabil, Esfahan, Fars, Hamedan, Lorestan, Razavi Khorasan and West Azerbaijan), sunflower (Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), tea (Gilan), tomato (Alborz, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), walnut (East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Kordestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, West Azerbaijan and Zanjan), watermelon (Boshehr), wheat (Alborz, Ardabil, Boshehr, East Azerbaijan, Esfahan, Fars, Gilan, Golestan, Hamedan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer –Ahmad, Lorestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Qazvin, Qom, Razavi Khorasan, Semnan, Tehran, West Azerbaijan, and Zanjan) and Ziziphus zizyphus   (South Khorasan).

References. Kheiri 1972; Tanha Maafi, Z. & Kheiri, A, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 1990, pers. com; Akhyani, A. et al., Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Esfahan, Esfahan, 1994, pers. com; Teymoori, F. & Noori, P, Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute of Varamin, Varamin, 1994, pers. com; Mahdikhani –Moghadam & Kheiri 1995; Niknam & Kheiri 1996; Hosseininejad et al. 1997; Pourjam et al. 1997 [F]; Ghanbarnia, K. et al., Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 1998, pers. com; Pourjam, E. et al., Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 1998, pers. com; Tanha Maafi, Z, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 1998, pers. com; Barooti 1998; Pourjam et al. 1999 a; Giti, M. et al., Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Hamedan, Hamedan, 2000, pers. com; Norouzi & Barooti 2000; Barooti, S. et al., Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 2000, pers. com; Ghanbarnia et al. 2000; Mosavi, S.M.R. et al., Shahid –Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, 2000, pers. com; Saidi Nayini, F. et al., Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 2000, pers. com; Jamali, S. et al., Gilan University, Rasht, 2002, pers. com; Ghanbarnia, K. & Arabsalmani, M, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 2002, pers. com; Karegar, A. et al., Shiraz University, Shiraz, 2002, pers. com; Razaz Hashemi, S.R, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Qazvin, Qazvin, 2002, pers. com; Karimi Pourfard, H. et al., Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Esfahan, Esfahan, 2002, pers. com; Golmohammadzadeh Khiaban, N. & Barooti, S, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, 2002, pers. com; Kheiri et al. 2002 a; Khezrinejad, N. & Niknam, Gh, Islamic Azad University of Mahabad, Uremia, 2004, pers. com; Barooti, S. & Hosseininejad, S.A, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 2004, pers. com; Kashi Nahanji, L. et al., Bu –Ali Sina University, Hamedan, 2004, pers. com; Davarian, T. & Taheri, A, Gorgan University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gorgan, 2004, pers. com; Tanha Maafi et al. 2004; Ebrahimi et al. 2004; Jamali et al. 2004; Tanha Maafi et al. 2005; Niknam et al. 2005; Giti et al. 2005; Shakeri, M. & Tanha Maafi, Z, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Yazd, Yazd, 2006, pers. com; Fatemy et al. 2006; Karegar 2006 [P]; Jahanshahi Afshar et al. 2006; Pakniyyat, M, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Fars, Shiraz, 2006, pers. com; Khezrinejad, N. et al., Islamic Azad University of Mahabad, Uremia, 2006, pers. com; Aliramaji et al. 2006 [F]; Tanha Maafi, Z. et al., Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 2008, pers. com; Pakniyyat, M, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Fars, Shiraz, 2008, pers. com; Naseri, B. et al., Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 2008, pers. com, b; Nasrollahzadeh, V. et al., Tabriz University, Tabriz, 2008, pers. com; Najafpour, A. et al., Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 2008, pers. com; Ghaderi, R. et al., Shiraz University, Shiraz, 2008, pers. com; Barooti, S. & Khozeini, H, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, 2008, pers. com; Karimi Pourfard, H, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Esfahan, Esfahan, 2008, pers. com; Mohammad Deimi et al. 2008 b; Zarrinnia et al. 2008; Ghaderi et al. 2008 [P]; Gharekhani et al. 2008; Sedaghatfar & Mohammad Deimi 2009; Shahbazi et al. 2009; Kashi Nahanji et al. 2009; Tanha Maafi et al. 2009; Ahmadi, A. et al., Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Khuzestan, Ahvaz, 2010, pers. com; Baadl, S. et al., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 2010, pers. com; Rafiee, H.R. et al., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 2010, pers. com; Salehi, F. et al., Gorgan University of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gorgan, 2010, pers. com; Fadavi Khalajlo, Gh. et al., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 2010, pers. com; Rafiee et al. 2010; Ghahramaninejad Mianeji, A. et al., Tabriz University, Tabriz, 2010, pers. com; Majd Taheri, Z. et al., Islamic Azad University of Damghan, Damghan, 2010, pers. com [M]; Abdollahi 2010; Mohammad Deimi & Mitkowski 2010 [P]; Karimi Pourfard et al. 2010, Telezari et al. 2011; Fayyazi et al. 2012; Mosavi, S.E. et al., Zanjan University, Zanjan, 2012, pers. com; Ahmadiyan Yazdi, A. & Rastegar Peymani, A, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Razavi Khorasan, Mashhad, 2012, pers. com; Ghorbanzadeh, H. et al., Tehran University, Karaj, 2012, pers. com; Ashrafi, M. et al., Tabriz University, Tabriz, 2012, pers. com; Rahimi, M. et al., Kordestan University, Kordestan, 2012, pers. com; Karimi Pourfard, H. et al., Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Esfahan, Esfahan, 2012, pers. com; Solouki, V. et al., Tabriz University, Tabriz, 2012, pers. com; Bahmani, J. et al., Science and Research Branch of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, 2012, pers. com; Ghaderi, R. et al., Shiraz University, Shiraz, 2012, pers. com; Bahmani et al. 2013; Majd Taheri et al. 2013 [M]; Molayi et al. 2013; Mahdikhani –Moghadam & Alvani 2013 [P]; Alvani, S. et al., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 2013, pers. com [P]; Hatami, B. & Asghari, R, Zanjan University, Zanjan, 2014, pers. com [P]; Namadipour, F. et al., Zanjan University, Zanjan, 2014, pers. com [P]; Ghorbanzadeh et al. 2014; Eskandari et al. 2015.

Remarks. The Iranian population of P. t hornei (Pourjam et al. 1997) closely corresponds to the original description (Sher & Allen 1953). Loof (1991) and Handoo & Golden (1989) suggested that P. ranjani (Khan & Singh 1975) Pourjam, Kheiri, Geraert & Alizadeh 1999   a could possibly be conspecific with P. thornei   . Subsequent SEM studies on specimens of both species revealed the presence of an incomplete annule on one side which falsely appeared as a fourth annule in light microscopy observations. Because of the similarity in measurements and other characters, both species were synonymized (Pourjam et al. 1997, 1999a).