Uracanthus bivitta Newman, 1838

Thongphak, Duangrat & Wang, Qiao, 2007, Taxonomic revision of the longicorn beetle genus Uracanthus Hope 1833 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Uracanthini) from Australia., Zootaxa 1569 (1569), pp. 1-139: 63-64

publication ID

1175­5334

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F024C64-0674-44BE-9B3F-F7D0E8CB8F3C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/413DDB78-A454-FFDB-F19F-FE62CA3FCB83

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Uracanthus bivitta Newman, 1838
status

 

Uracanthus bivitta Newman, 1838  

(Figs 51, 89, 111)

Uracanthus bivitta Newman, 1838: 172   .— Best, 1882: 35; Aurivillius, 1912: 147; 1917: 16; McKeown, 1947: 63; Duffy,

1963: 116. Uracanthus bivittata   .— French, 1911: 67. Uracanthus bivittatus   . — Lea, 1916: 385. Uracanthus marginellus Hope, 1841a: 54   .— Hope, 1841b: 65; 1844: 198; Aurivillius, 1912: 147; Lea, 1916: 384; McKe-

own, 1947: 65. syn. nov. Uracanthus inermis Lea   (not Aurivillius), 1917a: 738. syn. nov. Uracanthus leai McKeown, 1938: 214   (nom. nov. for U. inermis Lea   ).– McKeown, 1947: 64.

Description

Male. Body length, 17.17–32.12 mm; width, 2.68–5.59 mm.

Colour (Fig. 51). Body reddish brown with head, thorax and basal elytra darker. Frons and vertex with mixture of fairly dense white and yellowish pubescence. Pronotum with 2 longitudinal stripes of very dense yellowish pubescence at each side: 1 on disc and 1 near ventral side; each side with 2 spots of very dense yellowish pubescence between above longitudinal stripes: anterior one larger than posterior one; rest of pronotum with fairly sparse to very sparse pubescence. Each elytron with two longitudinal stripes of very dense yellowish pubescence: 1 wide on disc and 1 narrow at margin; the area between the two stripes glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Body colour may be darker or paler. Specimens from Western Australia are more hairy, for example, pronotal disc between two longitudinal stripes can have fairly dense pubescence, and the area between the two longitudinal stripes of very dense pubescence on the elytron, can be densely pubescent.

Head. Postclypeus triangular, convex, with fairly dense fine punctures; frontoclypeal suture deep and wide in middle; distance between lower lobes of eyes 2.12–2.37 × as long as distance between upper lobes of eyes; distance between upper lobes of eyes 1.14–1.23 × as long as distance between eyes on ventral side; genal length 0.20–0.38 × as long as head width immediately below eyes. Antennae slightly shorter than body; segments 4–10 thin and slightly produced on one side at apex.

Thorax and abdomen. Pronotum 1.17–1.44 × as long as width, rounded at side; posterior margin 1.02– 1.33 × as wide as anterior margin; pronotal disc weakly binodulose in middle area; disc and side strongly rugose transversely. The transverse rugae on the pronotal disc may vary from very strong to weak. Scutellum semicircular, with sparse to faily dense pubescence. Elytra 4.20–4.89 × as long as prothorax and 4.03–4.51 × as long as shoulder width; apex emarginate or weakly bispinose. The elytral apex varies from widely emarginate to narrowly emarginate or even more or less truncate; apical spines may be well developed or reduced to the minimum. Apex of terminal sternite emarginate.

Male terminalia. Apices of both ventral and dorsal median lobes slightly pointed; dorsal lobe about as long as or slightly longer than ventral lobe; spined region of internal sac occupying most of internal sac; basal unspined region very short with 1–2 lines of large spines near base, sometimes forming an arch in shape; spined region divided into two sections; first section much longer than second section, with sparse scale-like spines, dense long simple spines; second section with sparse simple spines and multi-branched spines near the end of this section; a short unspined gap between sections ( Fig. 89a). Eighth sternite obliquely truncate at side, narrowly emarginate at apex, with fairly long setae arising terminally; ventral surface with cloud-like processes ( Fig. 89b). Eighth tergite rounded to truncate or slightly emarginate at apex, with dense simple spines or basally-forked spines on ventral surface ( Fig. 89c). Paramere 2.53–3.0 × as long as wide, subcylindrical in shape; apex rounded with fairly dense long and short setae ( Fig. 89d).

Female. Body length, 18.14–29.59 mm; width, 2.92–5.23 mm.

Body more robust, antennae distinctly shorter than body.

Ovipositor and spermatheca. Ovipositor relatively long; styli long, arising terminally with short hairs ( Fig. 89e). Spermatheca short, slightly curved; spermathecal gland arising near base ( Fig. 89f).

Distribution

Southeastern Queensland, eastern New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, southern and western Victoria, southeastern South Australia, eastern Tasmania, and southwestern Western Australia ( Fig. 111).

Biology

Known hosts are Ulex sp.   , Acacia longifolia   , Pultenaea stipularis   , Helichrysum ferrugineum   , Cytisus scoparius   , Jacksonia sp.   , J. sternbergiana, Pultanea   sp., and Eucalyptus sp.   Adults were found feeding on Leptospermum scoparium   in November and visiting Eucalyptus   and Xanthorrhoea   flowers.

Comments

This species is similar to U. discicollis   but differs in having the pronotal disc strongly rugose transversely; the elytral apex widely emarginate to narrowly emarginate or even more or less truncate; each side of the pronotum with 2 spots of very dense yellowish pubescence.

Material examined

U. bivitta   . Holotype. ♀. New Holland ( Australia): no locality, Ent. Club 44–12; bearing a red circular type label; 4 segments of left antenna and 3 segments of right antenna missing ( BMNH).  

U. marginellus   . Holotype. ♂. No locality, Type Coll. no. 1769 in Hope Coll.; bearing a type label; right antenna missing ( HMO).  

U. inermis   . Holotype. ♂. QLD: Cairns, type no 12587; bearing a name label with Lea’s handwriting; 3 segments of left antenna missing (SAM). Allotype. ♀. QLD: same locality as above; bearing an allotype label (SAM).

Other material examined: 115 ♂, 102 ♀. QLD: 2 ♀, Mt. Lofty Ranges , S. H. Curnow ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, same as above but ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, same as above but ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, Bowen, A. Simson ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, 3 km N of Lake Bowarrady, Fraser Island , 12.x.1978, G. B. Monteith ( QM)   ; 1 ♀, Inglewood Ranges ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 4.xi.1925 ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, Charteville-Bollon Rd , 70 km SE Charteville (26°52'S, 146°35'E), 28.x.1991, MV lamp, G. Daniels ( UQIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Brisbane , 30.xii.1970, Acacia   ridge, E. C. Dahms ( QM)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but 8.xii.1914, H. Hacker ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but Illidge ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♀, 3 km S of Stanthorpe , 21.xi.1980, MV lamp, M. A. Schneider & G. Daniels ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, Stanthorpe , 29.x.1926 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but 19.x.1926 ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♂, same locality but E. Sutton ( QM)   ; 1 ♀, Colton Vale , E. F. du Boulay Collection ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Fletcher , 3.xii.1938, E. Sutton ( QM)   ; 2 ♂, 2km NbyNW Jowalbina (15°45’S, 144°15’E), 17.i.1994, at light, P. Zborowski & E. D. Edwards ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Cooktown ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 560 m Amphitheare Camp , Expedition Range National Park (25º12'S, 148º59'E), 17.xii.1997, MV light, Monteith, Cook & Thompson ( QM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Blackdown Tableland , Stoney Creek via Dingo, NE QLD, 17– 19. xii.1985, at light, S. Hamlet ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Glen Aplin , 1.i.1965, P. Kerridge ( UQIC)   . NSW: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Darkey Creek near Mt. Papong, 1.i.1979, on Eucalyptus   bloom ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Glen Apline , 27.x.1929 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, same as above but 27.x.1941, S. R. E. Brock Collection ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, same as above but 1.i.1965 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Shoalhaven , 1895, G. W. F. ( ANIC)   ; 2 ♀, Galston , Dumbrell ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Cumberland Park , 9.i.1958, G. Dolazel ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Pt. Denison ( MAM)   ; 1 ♂, Nelson Bay , 12.xi.1960, I. F. B. Common & M. S. Upton ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, 50 miles S of Singleton , NSW, 5.i.1956, I. F. B. Common ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Mt. Kaputar , 3000 ft, 30.xi.1968, at light, C. W. Frazier ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but 18.xi.1968 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but Bullewa Creek , 29.xi.1984, George & Hangay ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Lane Cove , 16.x.1943, N. W. Rodd ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, Roseville , 28.i.1961, C. E. Chadwick ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♂, Black Hill , Athelstone, 22.x.1966, on scrub Cryptandra tomentosa, N. McFarland (SAM)     ; 1 ♂, Hornsby , xi.1911, C. Gibbons ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Helensburgh , vii.1996, H. E. Osburne ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♂, Frenchs Forest (33°44'S, 151°12'E), 11.xii.1937, N. C. Lioyel ( ASCU) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Springwood , 30.x.1961, A. E. Searle ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♂, Ropes Creek ( MAM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 14 km W of Braidwood , emerged 2.xi.1992, ex thick stems of Cytisus scoparius, P. Hodge Coll. (ANIC)     ; 1 ♀, Allowrie , 22.x.1923, Killarn ( AM)   ; 2 ♂, 3 ♀, NSW ( AM)   ; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, same data as above but ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above ( NMV)   ; 1? (no abdomen) (AM); 1? (no abdomen) (WADA); 1 ♂, National Park , x.1920 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Sydney , 1.xi.1902, W. B. G. Warerley ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, Sydney ( MAM)   ; 1 ♀, 1 ♂, same locality as above but ( HMO)   ; 2 ♂, same locality as above but ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but Deane ( UQIC)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality as above but H. J. Carter ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but xi.1911, C. Gibbons ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but 1924, W. W. Froggatt ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Cessnock , NSW ( WAM)   ; 1 ♀, Newell H’ Way, 9 km N by NE Coonabarabran, 9.xii.1980, at light, E. Britton ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 23 km N by NE Coonabarabran (30°05'S, 149°24'E), 488 m, 7.xii.1974, at light, I. F. B. Common & E. D. Edwards ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Merimbula (36°54'S, 149°56'E), 23.ix.1999, E. C. Zimmerman ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 3ml NW. of Evans Head , 13.xii.1955, M. J. D. White ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Kurina , xi.1973, A. Werl ( ANIC)   ; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, Wahroonga, H. J. Carter ( ANIC)   ; 2 ♂, same locality as above but x.1952, R. D. ( ANIC)   1 ♀, Thredbo River , Mt. Kosciusko, 3000ft, 15.xii.1931, L. Graham ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, La Perouse (33°58'S, 151°14'E), 8.xi.1978, E. E. Taylor ( FCNI) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Narrabeen (33°42'S, 151°17'E), 24.x.1956, H. Booth ( FCNI) GoogleMaps   . ACT: 3 ♂, 2 ♀, Black Mountain (35°17'S, 149°07'E), at light, xi.1965 – ii.1966 ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 16.xii.1952, L. J. Chinnick ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 19.i.1956, light trap, I. F. B. Common ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but 24.xii.1964 ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   1 ♂, same data as above but 12.xi.1964 ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but 27.x.1964 ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   . VIC: 1 ♂, Donvale , x.1952, C. J. R. J ( VAIC)   ; 1 ♂, N of Melbourne , no abdomen ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Melbourne ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but ( VAIC)   ; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, Ringwood, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Ferntree Gully , xi.1936, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Boronia   , xii.1955, Fleet ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Cheltenham , x.1930, J. C. Goudie ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, N. Mallee, Dixon ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Somerville , 12.iii.1902 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Wellington , Carey River, 15.ii.1977, A. A. Calder ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no locality ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, no locality, Coll. no. 3455, Relton Bequest ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, Melbourne , H.W. Davey ( VAIC)   ; 1 ♀, no locality, Vic ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Little Desert , 13 miles S of Kiata, Vic, 7.xi.1966, I. F. B. Common & M. S. Upton ( ANIC)   ; 1? (no abdomen), same as above but 6.xi.1966 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but 14.xi.1945, F. E. Wilson ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same as above but 23.x.1946 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Kiata , 26.x.1961, J. C. Le Sovef ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but x.1939, R. Oldneld ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Lake Hattah , J. E. Dixon ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 90 miles Desert, N of Yanac , 6.xi.1958, F. E. Wilson ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Grampians , xi.1950 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Melboune , 1901 ( NMV)   ; 2 ♂, 4 ♀, Victoria ( NMV)   ; 1? (no abdomen), same locality as above ( NMV)   . SA: 1 ♂, Murray River , H. S. Cope ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Port Lincoln , Blackburn ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Cape Donnington Lincoln , 19.i.1982, at light, E.G. Matthews ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Karoonda to Peebinga, G. E. H. Wright ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Adelaide, R. F. Kemp ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same locality as above but Wilson ( HMO)   ; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, no locality, SA ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, no locality (♀ in AM, ♂ in SAM)   ; 1 ♂, no locality, A. P. Burgess ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, same as above but ( SAM)   ; 1? (no abdomen), no locality (QM); 1 ♂, ‘ Kurlge’ Blackwood , SA, 850ft, xi.1965, N. B. Tindale ( SAM)   ; 1? (no abdomen), Yorktown ( SAM)   . WA: 1 ♂, Geraldton , J. Clark ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, nr Howathara Hill , 25 km E by NE of Geraldton, 28.x.1992, E. D. Edwards & E. S. Nielsen ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Kellerberrin , 2.xii.1926, K. & E. Carnaby ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Murchison, WA, x.1935, H. Brown ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Denmark, larva in Pultanea stem: 14.i.1975; emerged 18.iv.1975, R. P. McMillan ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Cottesloe , cut from stem of Jacksonia, R. P. McMillan (WAM)     ; 1 ♀, Yallingup , 22.xii.1979, ex Eucalyptus, R. M. Bohart (ANIC)     ; 1 ♀, near Howatharra Hill , 25 km E by NE of Geraldton, 28.x.1992, E. D. Edwards & E. S. Nielsen ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Bruce Rock , i.1951, A. Douglas Collection ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Aquinas (32º01'S, 115º51'E), 30.v.1967, Murchison ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Star swamp, North Beach (Perth), 3.xi.1983, on flower of Xanthorrhoea, R. P. McMillan (WAM)     ; 1 ♀, Lake Esperance , E. Sutton Collection ( QM)   ; 1 ♀, 2 km N of Mundaring , 19.xii.1962, J. Dell ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Drummond Cove (28º40'S, 114º36'E), Geraldton, 24.ix.1972, light trap, N. MaCfresh ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Swan River (32º03'S, 115º44'E), L. J. Newman ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but xi (no year), Little ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 1869, de Boulay ( HMO) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Kings Park (31º57'S, 115º49'E), 23.ix.1963 ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Cottesloe (31º59'S, 115º45'E), larva 20.xi.1975, adult 4.iii.1976, as larva in stem Jacksonia sternbergiana, R. P. McMillan (WAM)   GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♀, same locality and host as above but v.1987 ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but larva 16.viii.1975, adult 6.ix.1975, cut from stem of Jacksonia sternbergiana, R. P. McMillan (WAM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Eneabba (29º49'S, 115º16'E), 26.x.1993, R. P. McMillan ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Jurien Bay (30º17'S, 115º02'E), 30.i.1976, A. M & M. J. Douglas ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 3 ♂, Talbot Road Res. (31º52'S, 116º02'E), 17.iv.1967, in Jacksonia sternbergiana, R. P. McMillan (WAM)   GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, South Perth (31º58'S, 115º51'E), 19.x.1971, S. J. Curay ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Maylands (31º55'S, 115º53'E), 5.xi.1973, Exlucernce tree, P. S. Lawrence ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Coorow (29º52'S, 116º01'E), 15.x.1990, UV light, A. Szito ( WADA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Jandakot (32º07'S, 115º50'E), S Perth, 22.xi.1977, dead on ground, A. Page ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Bayswater (31º55'S, 115º55'E), 19.i.1966, B. G. Muir ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Salter Point (Perth) (32º01'S, 115º52'E), 28.x.1983, L. E. Koch ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Perth ( NMV)   ; 2 ♂, Thomas River , 63 mi E of Esperance (33?51ʹS, 121?53ʹE), 20.xi.1969, UV light, E. B. Briton ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Mt Yorkrakine (32º22'S, 117º35'E), 27.x.1957, I. M. ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 9km W of Hopetoun (33º57'S, 120º07'E), 23.x.1971, UV light, D. &N. McFarland ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, South Perth , 5.x.1905, H. M. Giles ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Glen Forrest (33º14'S, 115º55'E), WA, xi.1950, A. B. ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, 11 km N Geraldton (28º46'S, 114º36'E) WA, 25.x.1972, UV light ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, no data ( HMO)   ; 2 ♀, Pt D’Entrecasteaux (34°50'S, 115°57'E), 6.xi.1926, K. R. Norris ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 11 miles E of Pingrup , 21–27.xi.1958, Greave & Dowse ( ANIC)   . TAS: 1 ♂, Kingston , TAS, 2.i.1947, J. R. Cunningham ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 23.ii.1946 ( AM)   ; 1? (no abdomen), Freycinet Nation Park , 28.ii.1963, I. F. B. & M. S. Upton ( ANIC)   ; Locality unknown   : 2 ♂, K 36096 View Materials ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, K10942 View Materials ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, K22588 View Materials ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, 3455, Relton Bequest ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, C. French Collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♀, F. E. Wilson Coll. ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, L. C. Haines Collection ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, no data ( ANIC)   ; 2 ♂, 6 ♀, no data ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no data but ( SAM)   .

SAM

South African Museum

AM

Australian Museum

QM

Queensland Museum

NMV

Museum Victoria

UQIC

University of Queensland Insect Collection

QDPI

Queensland Department of Primary Industries

WAM

Western Australian Museum

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

ASCU

Agricultural Scientific Collections Unit

FCNI

Forest Commission of N.S.W.

VAIC

Victorian Agricultural Insect Collection

WADA

Western Australia Department of Agriculture

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Cerambycidae

Genus

Uracanthus

Loc

Uracanthus bivitta Newman, 1838

Thongphak, Duangrat & Wang, Qiao 2007
2007
Loc

Uracanthus bivitta

McKeown, K. C. 1947: 63
Aurivillius, C. 1917: 16
Aurivillius, C. 1912: 147
Best, D. 1882: 35
Newman, E. 1838: 172
1838