Uracanthus maculatus, Thongphak & Wang, 2007

Thongphak, Duangrat & Wang, Qiao, 2007, Taxonomic revision of the longicorn beetle genus Uracanthus Hope 1833 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Cerambycinae: Uracanthini) from Australia., Zootaxa 1569 (1569), pp. 1-139: 12-15

publication ID

1175­5334

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F024C64-0674-44BE-9B3F-F7D0E8CB8F3C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/413DDB78-A461-FF94-F19F-F90ACDADCADB

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Uracanthus maculatus
status

sp. nov.

Uracanthus maculatus   , sp. nov.

(Figs 20, 59, 94)

Description

Male. Body length, 18.28–30.36 mm; width, 3.14–6.23 mm.

Colour (Fig. 20). Head, thorax, basal 2/5 and apical 1/10 of elytra dark reddish brown to blackish brown; antennae, legs and the remaining part of elytra reddish brown. Frons and clypeus with mixed dense golden and white pubescence; vertex with dense white pubescence except a V-shaped glabrous area extending from medial frontal groove to posterior edge of vertex. Pronotum with fairly dense pale yellow pubescence; 2 longitudinal stripes of dense white pubescence on each side: 1 on disc and 1 near ventral side. Each elytron with a subtriangular glabrous mark extending from shoulder to basal 1/3, and margined with a line of dense white pubescence; some areas of the mark sometimes covered with sparse white pubescence; apical area with sparse white pubescence margined with a narrow line of dense white pubescence; the remaining part of elytral disc with pubescence of different density, giving an appearance of clustered denser pubescence among less dense pubescence. The subtriangular mark on elytra may be reduced or expanded. The body may vary from dark brown to brown. Longitudinal pubescent stripes on pronotal disc are sometimes absent from the posterior margin.

Head. Postclypeus semicircular and slightly convex, with dense large coarse punctures; frontoclypeal suture deep and narrow in middle; median frontal groove narrow and deep, terminating near posterior edge of vertex; distance between lower lobes of eyes 1.7–1.75 × as long as distance between upper lobes of eyes; distance between upper lobes of eyes 2.3–2.38 × as long as distance between eyes on ventral side; genal length 0.34–0.36 × as long as head width immediately below eyes. Antennae slightly shorter than body; segments 5– 10 flattened and produced on one side at apex.

Thorax and abdomen. Pronotum 1.15–1.55 × as long as width, rounded with a very feeble process at each side; posterior margin 1.10–1.33 × as wide as anterior margin; pronotal disc binodulose in middle, and rugose transversely near anterior and posterior margins. Scutellum semicircular, with dense pubescence. Elytra 3.95– 4.48 × as long as prothorax and 3.38–4.07 × as long as shoulder width; each elytron with 3 very feeble longitudinal carinae; basal elytra finely punctate; apex widely emarginate and bispinose. Abdomen slender, apex of terminal sternite notched.

Male terminalia. Apex of ventral median lobe more or less rounded with a very shallow notch and apex of dorsal lobe rounded; ventral lobe longer than dorsal lobe; spined region of internal sac 4.9–5.2 × as long as basal unspined region; spined region divided into 2 sections with an unspined gap between sections: first section bearing dense long simple spines with fairly dense multi-branched spines near sides; second section with sparse simple spines ( Fig. 59a). Eighth sternite ( Fig. 59b) strongly obliquely truncate at sides, shallowly emarginate at apex, with long and fairly long setae arising terminally; ventral surface with multi-branched spines and cloud-like processes. Eighth tergite ( Fig. 59c) emarginate at apex, with dense short simple spines and multi- branched spines on dorsal surface. Paramere 1.75–1.84 × as long as wide, cylindrical in shape; apex rounded with long and short setae ( Fig. 59d).

Female. Body length, 15.99–29.39 mm; width, 2.93–6.03 mm.

Similar to male but differs in having shorter antennae and legs and more robust abdomen; apex of terminal sternite rounded; elytra 3.16–3.95 × as long as shoulder width and 4.17–4.90 × as long as prothorax.

Ovipositor and spermatheca. Ovipositor short; styli arising terminally with short hairs ( Fig. 59e). Spermatheca heavily curved; spermathecal gland long and arising near base ( Fig. 59f).

Distribution Southern, southeastern and western coastal regions of Australia and central Australia ( Fig. 94).

Biology

Recorded host plants for this species are Acacia coriacea   , Aster ramulosus   , Cassinia sp.   , Citrus sp.   , Correa speciosa var mormalis   , Eriostemon lanceolatus   , Helichrysum ferrugineum   and Olearia ramulosa   . Adults were collected from June to February.

Comments

This new species was described as a variant (Var. B) of U. triangularis   by Lea (1916). However, after having carefully examined all specimens available, we believe that it should be a new species. This new species resembles U. triangularis   but differs in having more uneven pubescence; the subtriangular mark and apical areas on the elytra covered with pubescence; the apex of ventral lobe of aedeagus much longer than dorsal lobe, apex of ventral lobe more or less pointed; apex of eighth tergite emarginate and ventral surface of eighth sternite with simple spines.

Material examined

Holotype. ♂. NSW: Galore, 26.xii.1893; bearing a red holotype label ( VAIC).  

Paratypes. 109 ♂, 42 ♀. All paratypes bear blue paratype labels. QLD: 1 ♂, Stanthorpe , xii.1964, E. Sutton, E. Sutton Coll. ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 18.xi.1925 ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but 15.x.1927, J. Henderson ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♂, Bunya Mt , 20.xi.1930, E. Sutton, E. Sutton Coll. ( QM)   ; 1 ♂, 320m Isla Gorge National Park (25°11’S, 149°58’E), 2.x.1992, MV lamp, G. Daniels ( NMV) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Toowoonan Mt , viii.1963, R. Ridge ( UQIC)   . 1 ♂, Rokehurst, ID by McKeown ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Toowoomba , QLD, 10.ii.1975, J. Macqueen ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 12.xi.1974 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but 26.x.1974 ( ANIC)   . NT: 1 ♀, Plenty River Salt Lakes, Simpson Desert , 18.ix.1992, MV light, L. Archibald ( NTM)   ; 1 ♀, Tennants Creek , xi.1949, F. A. ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, nr Reedy Rock hole, Amdeus Basin (32º36'S, 149º35'E), 17.viii.1962, P. Ranford ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   . NSW: 1 ♀, Mt Kaputar, Bull Creek , 27.xi.1984, G. Hangay ( MAM)   ; 2 ♂, Rope's Creek ( MAM)   ; 1 ♂, Kangaroo ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Broken Hill , 22.x.1944, C. E. Chadwick ( VAIC)   ; 1 ♀, Wilton , 12.i.1966, V. J. Robinson ( VAIC)   ; 1 ♀, Crackenback Range , 9.i.1968, Q. M. Williams ( VAIC)   ; 1 ♂, Ashfield , 6.xi.1980, D. A. Doolan, D. A. Doolan Collection ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Pilliga scrub (30º56'S, 149º23'E), 10.ii.1997, M. S & B. J. Moulds ( AM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, West Pymble, near Sydney , 26.xii.1986, at black light, D. J. Scambler ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Murrumbidgee R., Angle Crossing , 22.xii.1966 ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, 4 mi SW of Mudgee (32º36'S, 149º35'E), 18.xi.1968, Britton & Misko ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Eyres, Coll. no. 1828, ID by Lea ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but Lea ( MAM)   . ACT: 1 ♀, Canberra , 1–5. xii.1999, at light, A. Szito ( WADA)   ; 1 ♀, Kambah, Canberra , ACT, 30.xii.1978 ( ANIC)   . VIC: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Bendigo , 18.ix, 1917, ex Cassinia (NMV)     ; 1 ♀, Donvale , xii.1951, C. I. R. J. ( ASCU)   ; 1 ♂, Frankston , 10.xi.1927 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Ferntree Gully , 18.xii.1931, A. W. Westley ( NMV)   ; 2 ♀, Gyyos Lands ( WADA)   ; 1 ♀, Victoria ( MAM)   ; 1 ♂, Blackwaterhole , 25.x.1971, J. C. Le Sovef ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Dromana , 16.x.1971, J. C. Le Sovef ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 17 miles Orbost , 8.xii.1956, E. F. Riek ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, Maldon , xii.1921, J. C. Gondic ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Mordialloc , 4.xii.1950, A. L. Brown ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same locality as above but ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same data as above but iv.1950 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Yinnar , Victoria, i.1956, A. L. Brown ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 10.xi.1951 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but 13.xi.1955 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but iii.1955 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above xii.1952 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Inglewood , 7.xi.1933, A. L. Brown ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Mt. Evelyn , 7.xi.1933, A. L. Brown ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Seaford , ex Acacia (NMV)     ; 1 ♂, 4 miles N by NE of Nelson, Glenelg River , 25.xi.1966, Neboise ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Launching Place, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Frankston, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 2 ♂, Carrum, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Healesville, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Beechworth , i.1914, C. Oke ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Aspendale , larva feed in Olearia ramulosa (NMV)     ; 1 ♂, Youyang , ex Aster, Coll.   no. 250, dept by Lea ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Koroite Creek , bred in Correa speciosa var mormalis (NMV)     ; 1 ♂, Tarago River , ii.1930, larva in wood, J. C. Gondic, bred from Helichrysum ferrugineum (NMV)     ; 2 ♂, 2 ♀, Victoria ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, Murchison R., ix.1956, at light, A. Douglas ( WAM)   . TAS: 1 ♀, LiffeyValley , 16.i.1985, S. Feari ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Erith Islands, Bass strait, i.1963, J. Murray & Smith ( NMV)   . SA: 1 ♂, Murray R, H. S. Cope ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Purmons near Mesrong R, S. W. Falton, 20.vi.1911 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Eyres, Petch ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Yalana ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Franklin Island , 20.iv.1980, C. Kalf ( SAM)   ; 4 ♂, same locality as above but 27.x.1983, C. Watts ( SAM)   ; 2 ♂, Athelstone , 12.xii.1979, at light, J. J. H. Szent & Ivancy ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Lyntton , 3.xi.1970, UV light trap, R. Fisher ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, as above but xi.1970 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, as above but xii.1970 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Murray Bridge, G. H. Dutton ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, 850 ft, Blackwood , 30.i.1965, MV light, N. McFarland ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, as above but 5.xi.1957 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, 1♀, Yorktown ( SAM)   ; 1 ♀, Flinders Island , T. D. Campbell ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Wardang Island , 9.viii.1910, M. W. Mules, F. E. Wilson Collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, SA, by inference ex. Capt. White Collection ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, SA ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Yeelanna det. by Lea ( ANIC)   ; 6 ♂, 1 ♀, Reevesby Island , SA, xii.1936, J. Clark, McCoy Soc. Expect. Sir Jos. Banks Group. SA, xii.1936 – i.1937 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, Blairgowire Park , 23.xi.1970, J. C. Le Sovef ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Giffordlands ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but out of Helichrysum ferrugineum (NMV)   . WA   : 1 ♂, Dorre Island , 1959, A. Douglas ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Kalbarri , 12.v.1965, R. Humphries ( WAM)   ; 1 ♀, Dumbleyung , 27.ii.1962, H. Udell ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, same locality as above but xii.1966 ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, 400 m, Lillian Stake Rock Frank Hann National Park (33º04'064″S 120º05'827″E), 5.xi.1996, at light, Schun & Classic, Coll. no. 196–661 ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, Pilachilpna Well, Pilbara dist. , 7.xi.1953, N. B. Tindale ( SAM)   ; 5 ♂, Barrow Island , 1.vi.1964, W. H. Butter ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, 20 km N of Leeman (29°45'S, 114°58'E), Gum Tree Bay Ca., 7–12.x.1994, R. P. McMillan ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Theveanard Island , 8.iv.1966, G. Bostack ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, TVL, Sand area adjacent to main camp, 25.v. 1990, 4.00 pm, Acacia coriacea, Dominant, M. R. White (WAM)     ; 1 ♂, Simaon Gums , Coll. no. 41–1036 ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Carnac Island of perth, (32º07'S 115º39'E), 15.i.1983, T. F. Houson ( WAM) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Dudinin, Coll. no. 30–731 ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Roy Hill , Coll. no. 53–1493 ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, WA, 5xi.1908, C. French’s Coll. no. 265 ( NMV)   ; 2 ♂, 11.xi.1918, C. French's Coll. ( NMV)   . 1 ♂, 101 km E of Esperance (33º51'S, 121º53'E), Thomas River , 20.xi,1969, Taylor & M. S. Upton ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 2 ♂, 63 miles E of Esperance (33º51'S, 121º53'E), Thomas River , 20.xi,1969, Taylor & M. S. Upton ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 9 ♂, 23 km NW by W of Mt. Arid, Thomas River , 4–7.xi.1977, J. F. Lawrence ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 23 miles W of Fraser Range HS (32º04'S, 122º24'E), 7.xi,1969, M. S. Upton ( ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 7 miles E by N of Balladonia HS, 13.x,1968, Britton, Upton & Balderson ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Deepdene, Karridale , 17.i,1967, M. S. Upton ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 13 miles NE by E of Caiguna , 14.x.1968, no abdomen, Britton, Upton & Balderson ( ANIC)   ; 2 ♂, 6 miles N of Mandurah , 24.i.1967, M. S. Upton ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, 11 km N of Geraldton , 10.xii.1972, at MV light, N. McFarland ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♂, Montebello Island , 14.xi.1953, T. G. Campbell ( ANIC)   .

Other material examined. 11 ♂, 18 ♀. Locality unknown: 1 ♂, Aust old Coll., Coll. no. k40693 ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, same data as above but ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, C. French ( QDPI)   ; 1 ♀, 20.iv.1922, H. J. Carter collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no data; 1 ♀, Coll. no. K10943 View Materials ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, Longicorn of mandarin tree, L. Gallard Collection ( AM)   ; 1 ♂, L. C. Haines Collection ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, SA & WA ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, no locality label, 12.v.1982 ( SAM)   ; 1 ♂, Victorian Margas (French) ( AM)   ; 1 ♀, Coll. no. 34667, Roltnest ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Colleslac , Coll. no. 45-872 ( WAM)   ; 1 ♂, Coll. no. 48-919, W. Henoom ( WAM)   ; 1 ♀, Rose Beev (?), 3.vi.1942, found in Eriostemon lanceolatus   roots, Froggatt ( ANIC)   ; 1 ♀, no data, ex C. French Coll. ( HMO)   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, no data under Hope / Westwood Coll. ( HMO)   ; 1 ♀, no locality data, 5.xi.1908, C. French Collection ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no locality data, x.907, ex Aster ramulosus (NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no locality data, xi, 1908, ex Aster ramulosus (NMV)   ; 2 ♀, no locality data, xii, 1908, ex Aster ramulosus (NMV)   ; 1 ♂, xii, 1907, ex Aster ramulosus (NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no data ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, no locality, ix.1918, Coll. no. 597 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no data Coll no. 40 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♀, no data, Coll. no. 07 ( NMV)   ; 1 ♂, 18.ix.1917, ex Aster sp.   ( NMV)   ; 1?, no data, Coll. no. 350, no abdomen ( NMV)   .

VAIC

Victorian Agricultural Insect Collection

AM

Australian Museum

QDPI

Queensland Department of Primary Industries

QM

Queensland Museum

NMV

Museum Victoria

UQIC

University of Queensland Insect Collection

WAM

Western Australian Museum

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

NTM

Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences

SAM

South African Museum

WADA

Western Australia Department of Agriculture

ASCU

Agricultural Scientific Collections Unit