Pristiphora carinata (Hartig, 1837),

Prous, Marko, Kramp, Katja & Liston 1, Veli VikbergAndrew, 2017, North-Western Palaearctic species of Pristiphora (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 59, pp. 1-190: 38

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/jhr.59.12565

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:598C5BB3-2136-4D91-B522-FA14D8874A52

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/426D63F4-07C6-CA72-51FE-5B7F69972C10

treatment provided by

Journal of Hymenoptera Research by Pensoft

scientific name

Pristiphora carinata (Hartig, 1837)
status

 

Pristiphora carinata (Hartig, 1837)  Figs 98-99, 216, 239

Tenthredo pallipes  Fallén, 1808: 110-111. Primary homonym of Tenthredo pallipes  Spinola, 1808 [= Ametastegia (Protemphytus) pallipes  (Spinola, 1808)]. Syntype ♀ in MZLU, not examined. Type locality: Västergötland, Sweden.

Nematus carinatus  Hartig, 1837: 199-200. Syntype ♂ (GBIF-GISHym4689) in NFVG, examined. Type locality: Harz, Germany.

Nematus canaliculatus  Hartig, 1840: 23, syn. n. Lectotype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym4691; here designated) in NFVG, examined. Type locality: Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Lower Saxony, Germany.

Nematus denudatus  Hartig, 1840: 23. Lectotype ♂ (DEI-GISHym80268; here designated) in ZSM, examined. Type locality: not stated.

Pachynematus alticola  Enslin, 1916: 463. Lectotype ♀ (GBIF-GISHym3192; here designated) in ZSM, examined. Type locality: Praděd (Altvater), Czech Republic.

Similar species.

Species limits in the carinata  group are still unclear.

Genetic data.

Based on COI barcode sequences, specimens of the carinata  group are divided between four BIN clusters (BOLD:AAF4995, BOLD:ABU8603, BOLD:ACL1744, BOLD:ACL1745), which form a monophyletic group (Fig. 5). Minimal distances between these clusters are 1.2%-4.48%. Because of unresolved taxonomy, it is not yet clear how different species are divided among these BIN clusters. Based on nuclear data, maximum divergence within the group is 2.2% (based on ten specimens and TPI) and the nearest neighbour is 1.5% ( P. pseudocoactula  , both genes combined) or 1.0% different ( P. wesmaeli  , only NaK).

Host plants.

Vaccinium myrtillus  L. (ex ovo rearing experiments by VV).

Rearing notes.

Ovipositing experiment no. 3/1986: Finland, South Häme, Janakkala, Kalpalinna. On 22.V.1986 one captured female laid 5 eggs in pockets near leaf-margin on underside of the leaves of Vaccinium myrtillus  . Larvae hatched on 27-28.V.1986, 5 larval instars were observed. Larvae eat margins of shoots and margins of leaves near their bases. Last instar was more than 16 days long. No “extra” moult after feeding. Larvae were put in alcohol on 27.VI.1986.

Distribution and material examined.

Palaearctic. Specimens studied are from Czech Republic, Finland, and Germany.