Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553 : 29553

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/3D997452-E42A-40CD-80B8-18221259BA18

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:3D997452-E42A-40CD-80B8-18221259BA18

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae Fleming & Wood   ZBK   sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0045610 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Ricardo Calero; individualID: DHJPAR0045610; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGAZ799-11, 11-SRNP-71939, BOLD:AAM3713; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagadiniamartinezae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: diniamartinezae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Pitilla; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Manguera; verbatimElevation: 470; verbatimLatitude: 10.9959; verbatimLongitude: -85.3984; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9959; decimalLongitude: -85.3984; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanes ceratomioides; verbatimEventDate: 06-Oct-2011; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0008100 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez; individualID: DHJPAR0008100; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT872-06, 00-SRNP-20702, BOLD:AAM3713; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagadiniamartinezae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: diniamartinezae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Escondida; verbatimElevation: 420; verbatimLatitude: 10.8993; verbatimLongitude: -85.2749; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8993; decimalLongitude: -85.2749; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophaneschiron; verbatimEventDate: 04-Dec-2000; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0023083 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roster Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0023083; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAW244-08, 07-SRNP-24104, BOLD:AAM3713; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagadiniamartinezae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: diniamartinezae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Del Oro; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Margarita; verbatimElevation: 380; verbatimLatitude: 11.0323; verbatimLongitude: -85.4395; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.0323; decimalLongitude: -85.4395; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesporcus; verbatimEventDate: 27-Nov-2007; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps   Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0008093 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freyci Vargas; individualID: DHJPAR0008093; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT865-06, 00-SRNP-20696, BOLD:AAM3713; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagadiniamartinezae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: diniamartinezae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Quebrada Escondida; verbatimElevation: 420; verbatimLatitude: 10.8993; verbatimLongitude: -85.2749; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8993; decimalLongitude: -85.2749; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophaneschiron; verbatimEventDate: 01-Dec-2000; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps  

Description

Male (Fig. 10). Length: 7-10 mm. Head (Fig. 10b): vertex 1/5 of head width; two pairs of reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising behind anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle pale brassy; fronto-orbital plate pale brassy on upper 80%, densely setulose, setulae not extending below lowest frontal seta; parafacial silver and bare; eye densely haired; facial ridge bare; pedicel black, concolorous with postpedicel; arista black, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow and haired apically, narrow and digitiform. Thorax (Fig. 10a, c): dull brassy tomentose dorsally, contrasting with slightly brighter silver tomentose laterally, lateral surfaces with dense dark setulae making it appear darker; thorax with dense dark hairs interspersed amongst setae; four thick dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken, reaching 3rd postsutural dorsocentral seta, both pairs of vittae widening postsuturally and smudging together; postpronotum with 3-4 setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 3-4:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; three katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical scutellar setae; lateral scutellar setae less than 2/3 as long as subapical setae, strongly curving inwards medially; apical scutellar setae subequal in length to lateral scutellar setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than apical scutellar setae, but more narrowly than subapical scutellar setae; scutellum very slightly darkened across basal 25%, remainder concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 10c): black in ground colour; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa bare. Wing (Fig. 10a): pale translucent, hyaline; vein R4+5 with only 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 10a, c): ground colour black dorsally, yellow lateroventrally; middorsal depression on ST1+2 reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2-T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch covering ventral surfaces of T4-T5; distinct brassy tomentose bands along anterior edge of T3 and T4, broken medially by a dorsocentral stripe and covering almost 80% of tergites; T3 with silver tomentum ventrolaterally over 60% of surface; T5 with brassy tomentum throughout. Terminalia (Fig. 10d, e, f): sternite 5 (Fig. 10f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, widely U-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum, unsclerotised window tri-lobed and "fleur-de-lys"-shaped. Lateral lobes of sternite pointed apically, many short, stout setae throughout. Anterior plate of sternite 5 2X longer than apical lobes. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 10d) rounded rectangular-shaped, subequal in length to surstyli, blunt and rounded at apex, completely separate medially, parallel; in lateral view (Fig. 10e) with an evenly rounded downward curve throughout; densely setulose along basal 2/3. Surstylus in lateral view round, tapered and straight along bottom edge; opposite edge evenly rounded, giving it a cleaver-blade appearance; when viewed dorsally, surstyli pointing outward, not strongly convergent. Pregonite short, not well-developed, 0.5 times as long as distiphallus, bare and rounded apically, having the appearance of an upside down boot. Postgonite slightly narrow, 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex. Epiphallus well-developed and apically hooked. Distiphallus rectangular with a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus on each side, joining on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length: 8-10 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae   sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga   species by the following combination of traits: thorax with three postsutural acrostichal setae, four postsutural dorsocentral setae, and three katepisternal setae, legs black, hind coxa bare, tomentum covering less than 50% of abdominal T3, ventral edge of T3 darkened up to 10% of tergite and T5 with brassy tomentum throughout.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae   sp. n. is named in recognition of Dinia Maria Martinez Cheves' dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 380-420 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga diniamartinezae   sp. n. has been reared two times from two species of Lepidoptera   in the family Sphingidae   , Xylophanes chiron   (Drury, 1773) and Xylophanes porcus   ( Hübner, 1823), in rain forest and dry-rain lowland intergrades.