Milnesium tumanovi, Pilato, Giovanni, Sabella, Giorgio & Lisi, Oscar, 2016

Pilato, Giovanni, Sabella, Giorgio & Lisi, Oscar, 2016, Two new species of Milnesium (Tardigrada: Milnesiidae), Zootaxa 4132 (4), pp. 575-587: 579-584

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4132.4.9

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5F9B951D-26EB-4CA7-B4FC-F89526081CAD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/46206C74-FFD5-1D49-FF78-F8CCFAE7F8DC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Milnesium tumanovi
status

sp. nov.

Milnesium tumanovi   sp. nov.

Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4. A – C

Type locality. Yalta (Crimea): 44 ° 30 '0''N, 34 ° 9 ' 41 ''E, 40 m a.s.l.. Material examined. Yalta, holotype (slide no. 3904) and one paratype (slide no. 3916) from a moss sample on stone collected by Dr. Piero Verzì (Catania) in May 1990.

Type repository. Holotype and paratype are deposited in the collection of Binda & Pilato, Museum of the Department of Biological, Ecological and Environmental Sciences, Section of Animal Biology “Marcello La Greca”, University of Catania, Italy.

Specific diagnosis. Colourless, eye spots present, cuticle smooth; six peribuccal and two lateral papillae present; mouth with six triangular peribuccal lamellae with basal stripes. Buccal tube wide; stylet supports inserted on the buccal tube at about 52 % of its length; claws of the Milnesium   type with configuration [3 - 3]-[3 - 3]; main branches with thin accessory points; secondary branches with rounded basal thickenings; a long cuticular bar present under the claws I –III.

Description of the holotype. Body uncoloured, 744 µm long; eye spots present; cuticle smooth without granulation or reticular design, and without pseudopores; six peribuccal and two lateral papillae present. Buccopharyngeal apparatus of the Milnesium   type (rigid buccal tube without ventral lamina; apophyses for the insertion of the stylet muscles in the shape of very short and flat ridges symmetrical with respect to the frontal plane and without caudal processes; pharyngeal bulb elongated and without apophyses, placoids or septulum); six triangular peribuccal lamellae, with basal stripes, present. Stylet furcae wide and triangular in shape ( Fig. 4 A View FIGURE 4. A – C ). The buccal tube is very wide, cylindrical in shape, not funnel-shaped ( Fig. 4 A View FIGURE 4. A – C ); it is 48.8 µm long (measured according to Tumanov 2006, i.e. the caudal flexible portion included); its external width at the level of the stylet insertion point is 26.9 µm (pt = 55.1). Stylet supports short, inserted on the buccal tube at 52.3 % of its length (pt = 52.3). The claws are of the Milnesium   type ( Fig. 4 B,C View FIGURE 4. A – C ). All claws have three points: configuration [3 - 3]-[3 - 3] according to the code suggested by Michalczyk et al. (2012). External main branch of legs I, 21 µm long (pt = 43.0) ( Table 2); base+secondary branch of leg I, 15.9 µm long (pt = 32.6); the base+secondary branch length is 75.7 % of the main claw branch length. On legs III the external main branch is 21.2 µm long (pt = 43.4) and the base+secondary branch, 16.1 µm (pt = 33.0); the base+secondary branch length is 75.9 % of the claw main branch length. Posterior main branch IV, 27.0 µm long (pt = 55.3), the base+secondary branch, 20.6 µm (pt = 42.2): the posterior base+secondary branch length is 76.3 % of the main branch length.

M. tumanovi   sp. nov. M. longiungue   M. brachyungue No.   slide 3904 holotype 5103 paratype 3940 holotype Main branches with thin accessory points ( Fig. 4 B View FIGURE 4. A – C , arrow a); claw bases with rounded basal thickenings ( Fig. 4 B View FIGURE 4. A – C , arrow b); a long cuticular bar present under the claws I –III ( Fig. 4 B View FIGURE 4. A – C , arrow c).

Eggs not found.

Remarks. The paratype is similar to the holotype in both qualitative and quantitative characters.

Etymology. The specific name tumanovi   is in honour of Dr. Denis Tumanov (St. Petersburg, Russia) who recently described several species of the genus.

Differential diagnosis. Sixteen living species of Milnesium   having six peribuccal lamellae and claw configuration [3 - 3]-[3 - 3] are known, but only eleven of them have smooth cuticle: M. antarcticum Tumanov, 2006   , M. asiaticum Tumanov, 2006   , M. brachyungue Binda & Pilato, 1990   , M. eurystomum Maucci, 1991   , M. longiungue Tumanov, 2006   , M. bohleberi Bartels, Nelson, Kaczmarek & Michalczyk, 2014   , M. zsalakoae Meyer & Hinton, 2010   , M. barbadosense Meyer & Hinton 2012   , M. shilohae Meyer, 2015   , M. vorax Pilato & Lisi, 2016   , and M. sandrae Pilato & Lisi, 2016   .

Milnesium tumanovi   sp. nov. differs from all these species in having a lower value of the pt index relative to the stylet support insertion point on the buccal tube (about 52–54 in the new species, at least 58.0, often 60.0 or more, in all the other species); and in having a higher pt index value relative to the buccal tube width, of all but M. eurystomum   and M. bohleberi   . However, the buccal tube is cylindrical in M. tumanovi   sp. nov. whereas in M. eurystomum   and M. bohleberi   it is clearly funnel shaped.

In addition, the new species differs from M. zsalakoe   and M. longiungue   in having the accessory points, lower values of the pt index relative to the claw main branches and higher values of the percent ratio between the base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length (as regards the comparison with M. longiungue   see Table 2 and Figs. 4 B,C View FIGURE 4. A – C and 5 B,C View FIGURE 5. A – C ).

Milnesium tumanovi   sp. nov. differs from M. brachyungue   by having: higher values of the pt index relative to the claw length (both to main and base+secondary claw branches) ( Table 2); main and base+secondary claw branches more different in length and, as a consequence, lower values of the percent ratio between the base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length ( Table 2; Figs. 4 B,C View FIGURE 4. A – C and 6 View FIGURE 6 B,C).

Milnesium tumanovi   sp. nov. differs from M. asiaticum   by a higher values of the percent ratio between the base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length ( Tables 2 and 3; Figs. 4 B,C View FIGURE 4. A – C and 7 B,C View FIGURE 7. A – C ). These values are particularly different in the hind claws ( Tables 2 and 3; Figs. 4 C View FIGURE 4. A – C and 7 C View FIGURE 7. A – C ).

The new species differs from M. antarcticum   ( Tables 2 and 3; Figs. 4 A View FIGURE 4. A – C and 8 A View FIGURE 8. A – C ) by having a shorter buccal tube in proportion to the body length; and a higher difference in length between main and base+secondary claw branches in the hind legs. ( Tables 2 and 3; Figs. 4 C View FIGURE 4. A – C and 8 C View FIGURE 8. A – C ).

Milnesium tumanovi   sp. nov. differs from M. barbadosense   by having eye spots, higher values of the pt index relative to the claw secondary branches length and, as a consequence, higher values of the percent ratio between the base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length ( Tables 2 and 3: Figs. 4 B,C View FIGURE 4. A – C and Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2. A – C of Meyer & Hinton, 2012).

The new species differs from Milnesium shilohae   by having more slender primary branches (particularly those of the claws I –III).

It differs from Milnesium minutum   by having larger body size and higher percent ratio between base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length in the claws IV.

Milnesium tumanovi   differs from Milnesium sandrae   by having the percent ratio between the base+secondary branches length and the main claw branches length slightly smaller in the claws I-III and higher in the claws IV; the values of those percent ratios are homogeneous (about 76) in all the claws of the new species, whereas in Milnesium sandrae   a clear difference can be noticed between the claws I-III (78.6-85.5) and the claws IV (70.4–71.4).

TABLE 2. Measurements in µm, pt index values relative to some structures, and percent ratio between the base + secondary and the main claw branches of Milnesium tumanovi sp. nov..

Buccal tube length 48.8   46.6   59.8  
Buccal tube width 26.9 55.1 22.1 47.4 23.7  
  52.3   62.3    
Ext. main branch I 21.0 43.0 22.5 48.3 13.9  
Base+sec. branch I 15.9 32.6 14.2 30.5 12.4  
% Base+sec/main branch I 75.7   63.1   89.2  
Ext. main branch II 21.2 43.4 25.4 55.5 15.4  
    15.2 32.6 13.3  
    59.8   86.4  
Ext. main branch III 21.2 43.4 27.2 57.7 16.5  
Base+sec.branch III 16.1 33.0 16.4 35.2 14.2  
% Base+sec/main branch III 75.9   60.3   86.1  
Posterior main branch IV 27.0 55.3 36.5 78.3 18.9 31,6
Posterior base+sec.branch IV 20.6 42.2 21.5 46.2 15.4  
% Base+sec/main branch IV 76.3   58.9   81.5