Megachile flavipes, Spinola, 1838

Dorchin, Achik & Praz, Christophe J., 2018, Taxonomic revision of the Western Palaearctic bees of the subgenus Pseudomegachile (Hymenoptera, Apiformes, Megachilidae, Megachile), Zootaxa 4524 (3), pp. 251-307 : 294

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4524.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6E27E496-B896-49E0-8EF2-4BAA57F6B91D

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6493433

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/481E7707-FFF9-4E36-FF5A-FD32FD20FEDC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Megachile flavipes
status

 

flavipes species group

This is a large group comprising small to medium sized species with rather homogeneous morphology. In addition, some of the species exhibit geographic variation in the coloration of the integument or of the vestiture. Consequently, species identification is more complicated in this group than in the other Pseudomegachile , and may require comparing a series of specimens or examining the hidden metasomal sternites of males. Numerous features of the flavipes species group are shared only with M. ericetorum , in line with the phylogenetic affinities found between these two taxa.

Western Palaearctic species of the flavipes species group are characterized by the predominantly dark integument, bright ferruginous tibiae and tarsi, and bright or pale ferruginous, fulvous, or greyish-white hairs, often with appressed scale-like, branched hairs, densely covering the metasoma. Characteristics of the female are: mandible slender, reticulate, shiny, and weakly dentate, with narrow premarginal, smooth area along apical margin ( Fig. 9 View FIGURES 6–21 ), less than 1/3 as long as minimum width of first flagellomere; clypeus flat or weakly convex with anterior margin truncate or inconspicuously emarginated and with short or sometimes inconspicuous premarginal longitudinal tooth ( Figs 14–19 View FIGURES 6–21 ); clypeus surface densely punctate with punctures largely varying in size across species; vertex relatively short, the ocellocciptal distance 0.8 times to about as long as interocellar distance. Common characteristics of the male are: mandible 3-toothed without inferior projection; front coxal spine short, as long as or slightly longer than medially wide, with apical tuft of short velvety golden hairs conspicuous or weak and without red spicules; front tarsi regularly slender, fringed with short to moderately long light posterior hair fringe ( Figs 30, 31 View FIGURES 22–37 ) (longest in M. maxschwarzi sp. nov., Fig. 174 View FIGURES 171–177 ); T6 without lateral tooth, with preapical carina emarginated, multidentate ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 22–37 ), but teeth sometimes inconspicuous (as in M. cinnamomea and some specimens of M. farinosa , Fig. 33 View FIGURES 22–37 ), and median emargination shallow; S4 usually slender with either sharp or obtuse preapical medial carina followed with concaved depression along margin ( Figs 41, 42 View FIGURES 38–46 , 47, 50, 53, 56 View FIGURES 47–64 ) (compared to broad preapical ridge in most other species: Fig. 40 View FIGURES 38–46 ); sternites 5 and 6 scattered with sclerotized capitate or spatulate hairs varying in density on posterior portion, never as dense as in other species, thus hairs not covered by overlapping hairs; S5 typically with some bifid hairs on basomedian area ( Figs 48, 51, 54, 57, 59, 60, 63 View FIGURES 47–64 ); S6 with 3–5 usually thicker spatulate hairs forming a lateral sloping line at each side of disc (but smaller in M. tecta and M. maxschwarzi sp. nov.) ( Figs 49, 52, 55, 58, 61, 62, 64 View FIGURES 47–64 ); S8 spear-shaped triangular, fringed along margins with long hairs that extend well beyond margin (Fig. 95); gonoforceps slender, linear, slightly tapering apically, with dense, long branched hairs directed mesally on posterior portion but with no apparent hairs at apex as seen in dorsal view (Fig. 96); penis valve simple, almost linear, with apex bluntly pointed (Fig. 96).

Megachile grisescens Morawitz 1875 , described from Central Asia (“valle Sarafschan” [ Uzbekistan or Tadjikistan], in Ferghana [ Uzbekistan]) is an additional, Central Asian species of the flavipes species group. To our knowledge it does not occur in the western Palaearctic. This species is unusual within the flavipes group in the entirely dark integument of all legs. In addition, the female can be recognized by the coarsely and sparsely punctured clypeus; beside this characteristic, it is similar to a small female of M. ericetorum , but the vertex is shorter, as in species of the flavipes species group. In the male, the front tarsi bear linear, black maculations on the underside. In addition, M. nigrofulva Hedicke 1940 , described from “Kintschou, Provinz Liauhsi” [Jinzhou, Liaoning Province, China], as well as the subspecies M. nigrofulva ordonosa Hedicke 1940 , from “Ordos, Mongolei ” [Ordos, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China], probably both belong to the flavipes species group. We have not examined the type specimens but some specimens from Mongolia, which agree with the description of M. nigrofulva ordonosa ; these specimens are very similar to M. tecta , although slightly larger, with bright fulvous vestiture and the integument of T1 and T2 is ferruginous. It is possible that this taxon is conspecific with M. tecta .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Megachilidae

Genus

Megachile

Loc

Megachile flavipes

Dorchin, Achik & Praz, Christophe J. 2018
2018
Loc

M. nigrofulva

Hedicke 1940
1940
Loc

M. nigrofulva ordonosa

Hedicke 1940
1940
Loc

M. nigrofulva ordonosa

Hedicke 1940
1940
Loc

M. tecta

Radoszkowski 1888
1888
Loc

M. tecta

Radoszkowski 1888
1888
Loc

Megachile grisescens

Morawitz 1875
1875
Loc

flavipes

Spinola 1838
1838
Loc

flavipes

Spinola 1838
1838
Loc

flavipes

Spinola 1838
1838
Loc

flavipes

Spinola 1838
1838