Airora Reitter, 1876

Kolibac, Jiri, 2013, Trogossitidae: A review of the beetle family, with a catalogue and keys, ZooKeys 366, pp. 1-194: 39-41

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.366.6172

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/48404D1F-54C2-BA85-0E55-F6F08A1A7B8B

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Airora Reitter, 1876
status

 

Genus Airora Reitter, 1876   Figs 1 View Figure 1 , 6 View Figure 6 ; Map 5 View Map 5

Airora   Reitter, E. 1876: 18.

Type species:

Trogossita cylindrica   Serville, 1828 [designated by Barron 1971]

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7. Barron, J. R. 1971: 64. Kolibáč, J. 2005: 41 (redescription). Kolibáč, J. 2006: 111 (phylogeny)

Temnochilodes   Léveillé, 1890 [type species: Temnochilodes dugesi   Léveillé, 1890]

Léveillé, A. 1910: 9. Kolibáč, J. 2005: 41 (synonymized)

Description.

Body size: about 7.0-16.0 mm. Body shape elongate. Gular sutures narrow, subparallel at apex. Frontoclypeal suture absent. Frons: longitudinal groove or depression absent. Cranium ventrally: tufts of long setae at sides present. Submentum: ctenidium absent. Antennal groove present. Eyes: size flat. Eyes number: two. Epicranial acumination deep. Lacinial hooks absent. Galea: shape elongate. Galea: ciliate setae absent. Mediostipes-Lacinia not fused. Palpifer: outer edge denticulate. Mandibular apical teeth number: two, vertically situated. Mola reduced but present. Penicillus (at base) present (fine, often membranous). Pubescence above mola or cutting edge absent. Ventral furrow present. Basal notch moderate. Labrum-Cranium not fused. Epipharyngial sclerite present. Lateral tormal process: projection curved downwards, processes not connected ( Airora   ). Ligula: ciliate setae absent. Ligula rigid, strongly retroflexed, deeply emarginate. Hypopharyngeal sclerite consisting of two separate parts. Antenna 11-segmented. Antennal club asymmetrical, sensorial fields present. Front coxal cavities externally closed, internally open. Pronotum elongate. Prepectus absent. Middle coxal cavities open. Elytra: long hairs absent. Epipleuron moderate. Elytral interlocking mechanism present, carinae reduced. Elytral punctation regular, scales absent. Wing: radial cell oblong (or reduced), wedge cell present, cross vein MP3-4 present, cross vein AA1+2-3+4 absent. Front tibiae: spines along side large. Hooked spur present. Claws: denticle absent. Parasternites number along ventrites III-VII: one. Spiculum gastrale absent. Tegmen composed of two parts. Coxitae undivided.

Larva: Frontal arms V-shaped. Epicranial stem reduced. Endocarina present. Gular sutures conspicuous, parallel. Gula: anterior apodemes absent. Paragular sclerites present. Hypostomal rods absent. Stemmata number: five. Mandibular apical teeth number: two, horizontally situated. Lacinia mandibulae absent. Mola absent. Maxillary palpi 3-segmented. Cardo: size much smaller than stipes. Labial palpi 2-segmented. Prementum in single part. Antennal joints 1 and 2 elongate. Sensory appendix very small. Thoracic sclerites pattern (dorsally) 1-2-2. Thoracic sclerites pattern (ventrally) 3+1+1. Abdominal segment IX not divided. Tergite IX flat. Urogomphi present, hooked; median process absent.

Biology.

Predatory. In USA, adults dwell mostly on branches and logs of various species of pine. Some specimens were also collected from the bush Cercidiumcorreyanum   and some emerged from the fungus Fomesapplanatus   . Airora minuta   adults were observed preying on the bark beetle Hylocurus   . (All Barron 1971.)

Distribution.

From Brazil to Canada.

Species:

Airora aequalis   Reitter, 1876; Canada, USA, Mexico (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 65 (syn. Airora bicolor   Casey, 1916; synonymized by Schaeffer 1920: 193?). Barron, J. R. 1971: 67 (syn. Airora polita   Casey, 1916; synonymized by author). Barron, J. R. 1971: 67 (syn. Airora punctiventris   Casey, 1916; synonymized by author)

Airora apicalis   Reitter, 1876; Colombia (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora bituberculata   Léveillé, 1905; Brazil (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora canescens   Reitter, 1876; Central America (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora centralis   Sharp, 1891; Mexico, Guatemala, Panama (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora cylindrica   Serville, 1828; Canada, USA, Mexico (JRB)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7. Barron, J. R. 1971: 65 (syn. Airora nigellus   Melsheimer, 1846; synonymized by whom?). Barron, J. R. 1971: 65 (syn. Airora teres   Melsheimer, 1846; synonymized by author). Böving, A. G. & Craighead, F. C. 1931: 273 (larva). Léveillé, A. 1910: 7 ( Airora teres   Melsheimer, 1846 = syn. Airora aequalis   Reitter, 1877; synonymized by Léveillé 1910: 7). Kolibáč, J. 2005: 42 (redescription). Reitter, E. 1876: 21 (syn. Hypophloeus teres   Melsheimer, 1846)

Airora decipiens   Léveillé, 1899; Mexico (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora dugesi   Léveillé, 1890; Mexico (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 9 ( Temnochilodes   ). Kolibáč, J. 2005: 43 (redescription, combination)

Airora ferruginea   Léveillé, 1905; Venezuela (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora grouvellei   Léveillé, 1889; Colombia (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora humeralis   Léveillé, 1894; Brazil (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora longicollis   Guérin, 1846; Central and South America (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7 (syn. Airora clivinoides   Reitter, 1876; synonymized by author?)

Airora mathani   Léveillé, 1878; Bolivia (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora minuta   Schaeffer, 1918; USA: Arizona, California (JRB)

Barron, J. R. 1971: 69

Airora modesta   Léveillé, 1907; Venezuela (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora parallelicollis   Léveillé, 1894; Brazil, Venezuela (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora pollens   Sharp, 1891; Mexico (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora procera   Reitter, 1876; Bolivia, Paraguay (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora striatopunctata   Reitter, 1876; West Indies, Brazil (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora suturata   Léveillé, 1894; Brazil (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora vicina   Léveillé, 1903; Brazil (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 7

Airora wagneri   Léveillé, 1907; Argentina (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 8

Airora yucatanica   Sharp, 1891; Mexico (AL)

Léveillé, A. 1910: 8

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Trogossitidae

Loc

Airora Reitter, 1876

Kolibac, Jiri 2013
2013
Loc

Airora

Reitter 1876
1876