Rhodolaena bakeriana Baill.

Schatz, George E., Lowry Ii, Porter P. & Wolf, Anne-Elizabeth, 2000, Endemic families of Madagascar. VI. A synoptic revision of Rhodolaena (Sarcolaenaceae), Adansonia (3) 22 (2), pp. 239-252 : 243-246

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https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4605922

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scientific name

Rhodolaena bakeriana Baill.


3. Rhodolaena bakeriana Baill.

Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 566 (1886). — Lectotype (here designated): Baron 1980, Madagascar, without precise locality ( P!; iso-, K!, P!).

Rhodolaena bakeriana is a medium-sized tree that occurs in mid-elevation subhumid forest from Ranomafana PN to Ambohitantely RS, and east to Anjozorobe, Ambatovy and Analamazaotra- Périnet RS ( Fig. 1 View Fig ). It can be recognized by its densely brownish pubescent twigs, and chartaceous leaves usually with an emarginate apex and the margins often folded under in dried material. Several recent collections have been made of this species.

BAILLON (1886 a) recognized that the material referred to by BAKER (1883) as Rhodolaena altivola Thouars in fact represented a new species, for which he proposed the name R. bakeriana , referring to BAKER’ s description (see also BAILLON 1886b). BAILLON’ s new species was based on several collections (Baron 1980 and 2173; Hildebrandt 3823), which represent syntypes, although the last one was not cited by BAKER (1883; but see BAKER 1886). The first syntype (Baron 1980) comprises material in full flower, whereas the second number is not (or is no longer) represented in the Paris herbarium, although two unnumbered sheets clearly belonging to R. bakeriana may well be attributable to this number. We have therefore selected Baron 1980 as the lectotype.

VERNACULAR NAMES.— Anjananjana, Arina ,

Fontona, Fotana, Fotoana, Fotona, Tavaratra.

MATERIAL EXAMINED. — Andrianjafy 23, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Andriatsiferana 2094, Ambatovy; Baron s.n., 1980, 3649, without precise locality; Cours 4069 (= Herb. St. Agric. Alaotra 4069), Ambatoharanana; d’Alleizette 710, Ampasakely (Mandraka); Descoings 33, Sandrangato; Dorr 4493, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 4575, Sandrangato; Gentry 52559, 52648, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Herb. Forest. Madag. 66, without precise locality; Herb. Inst. Sci. Madag. 4654, Analama; Hildebrandt 3823, without precise locality; Labat 3081, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Leandri 710, Analama; Mabberley 812, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Miller 3747, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Perrier de la Bâthie 5335, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Rakotomalaza 1076, Ambatovy, 1319, Analamay; Rakotozafy 2685, Anjozorobe; Réserves Naturelles 35, 44, 1299, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Schatz 3640, Anjozorobe, 3988, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Schedl 64, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Service Forestier 1170, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 2196, Anosibe- Moramanga, 2922, 4654, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 5811, Lakato, 8342, 8357, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 8371, Ambohitantely RS, 12432, 15004, 15686, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 15868, Antsahambavy, 17930, 18047, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 23214, Ranomafana PN, 24418, Sandrangato, 25322, 25715, 25716, 25717, 25760, 25763, 26022, 26023, 26188, 28137, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 28781bis, Fierenana (Moramanga), 30642, 31085, 34083, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 17-B-R-172, 76-R-211, 131-R-172, 169-R-172, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS, 420-R-212, without precise locality; Thouvenot 44, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS; Ursch 10, 83, Analamazaotra-Périnet RS.

4. Rhodolaena coriacea G.E. Schatz, Lowry & A.-E. Wolf, sp. nov.

Haec species foliorum apice rotundato plerumque emarginato R. bakerianae similis, sed ab ea ramulis plerumque glabrescentibus glaucescentibus, foliis longioribus plus coriaceis majore fere semper in longitudine 7 cm excedente (versus 6 cm non excedens in R. bakeriana ) atque florium majorum sepalis (2-) 2.5-3.5 cm longis (versus 1.8 cm non excedens) distinguitur.

TYPUS. — Service Forestier 25521, Madagascar, Lendava, Ampasimadinika II, canton et district d’Anosibe An’Ala, [19º30’S, 48º12’E], 15 Feb. 1965, fl. (holo-, P!; iso-, MO!, P!, TEF!) GoogleMaps .

Small to large tree, 5-25 m tall, twigs often initially with very fine, dense, short indument, usually eventually glabrescent and sometimes glaucescent. Leaves with petiole 0.7-1.3 cm long, lamina strongly coriaceous, glabrous, elliptic, (4-)6.2-14.5 × 3.3-7.3 cm, base acute to rounded, apex rounded to emarginate, venation weakly brochidodromous with 9-12 secondary veins per side, midvein usually deeply sunken above, prominently raised below, venation usually obscure on the upper surface or sometimes the secondary veins evident, tertiary venation densely reticulate and slightly raised below, margin sometimes slightly revolute. Inflorescence solitary, axillary, 2-flowered, peduncle 2-5 cm long, glabrous except sparsely golden pubescent at apex just below involucre, involucre slightly lobed at anthesis, with dense tufts of trichomes; pedicel 0.3-0.5 cm long, 0.2 cm in diam.; outer 2 sepals elliptic, 0.4-0.5 × 0.2-0.3 cm; inner 3 sepals asymmetrically ovate, (2-)2.5-3.5 × 1- 3.8 cm, glabrous and shiny, coriaceous, persistent and becoming somewhat woody in young fruit; petals elliptic, 5-6.5 × 1.8-2.8 cm, thin membranous drying hyaline with evident venation, glabrous, base cuneate and abruptly truncate, apex obtuse to rounded; stamens ca. 30, inserted above disc at base of ovary, filaments 3-4 cm long, anthers versatile, 0.8-1 × 0.5 mm; style 3.7-4.2 cm long, stigma capitate, papillatetuberculate. Fruit 3-valved, valves broadly ovate, 1.6-1.9 cm long, 1.3-1.4 cm broad, surrounded by the accrescent, fleshy, shallowly 3-lobed involucre.— Fig. 2 View Fig .

Rhodolaena coriacea is a small to large tree that occurs in humid to subhumid forest from sea level to 1700 m elevation from Kianjavato to Anjanaharibe-Sud RS ( Fig. 3 View Fig ). This species can be difficult to distinguish from R. bakeriana , with which it shares leaves with a rounded and emarginate apex, but differs by its generally larger leaves, the largest blade on a specimen usually at least 7 cm long versus in R. bakeriana rarely exceeding 6 cm. Flowers of R. coriacea are also larger, with sepals (2-) 2.5-3.5 cm long versus sepals that do not exceed 1.8 cm long in R. bakeriana . Rhodolaena coriacea has recently been collected at both Betampona RNI and Zahamena PN/RNI.

VERNACULAR NAMES.— Arina, Harinavavy, Pikazana, Tamanampotsy, Tsimahamasatsokina, Tsimamasasokina, Vazanomby.

PARATYPES. — MADAGASCAR, Prov. Antsiranana: Rasoavimbahoaka 674, Marojejy PN, 14º27’30”S, 49º34’54”E, 920-1040 m, 15-29 May 1995, fl. (K, GoogleMaps

MO, P, TAN); Ravelonarivo 608, Anjanaharibe-Sud RS, 14º43’10”S, 49º27’12”E, 1700 m, 14 Feb. 1995, fl. (K, MO, P, TAN) GoogleMaps . Prov. Fianarantsoa: Bosser 18885, Kianjavato , route de Mananjary, [21º22’S, 47º52’E], Jan. 1964, ster. ( TAN) GoogleMaps ; Service Forestier 14735, Sahakorihina, Ambodilafa, Nosy-Varika, [20º31’S, 48º00’E, 450 m], 12 Jul. 1954, fl. ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps . Prov. Toamasina: Andrianjafy 88, 89, Betampona RNI, 17°55’50”S, 49°12’12”E, 550 m, 19 July 2000, fr. (K, P, MO, TAN, TEF) GoogleMaps ; Carlson 419, Betampona RNI, 17º53’S, 49º13’30”E, 520 m, 22 Aug. 1990, ster. ( MO, TAN) GoogleMaps ; Cours 2422 (= Herb. Inst. Sci. Madag. 2422), Dist. Tamatave, de Sahalampy à Ampitamanoka, [17º48’S, 48º51’E], 1200 m, 18 Jan. 1945, fl. ( P, TAN) GoogleMaps , 2812, Zahamena RNI, [17º30’S, 48º38’E], 8 Mar. 1951, ster. ( TEF) GoogleMaps ; Raharimalala 241, Mananara Biosphere Reserve, Mahavoha , [16°23’S, 49°43’30”E], 12 Feb. 1990, fl. ( P) GoogleMaps , 370, Mananara- Nord PN, forêt d’Ambodihazovola , [16°29’S, 49°48’30”E], 26 Feb. 1990, ster. ( P) GoogleMaps ; Ratovoson 257, Zahamena PN, 17°30’15”S, 48°43’56”E, 996-1250 m, 18 July 2000, fl. ( MO, P, TAN, TEF) GoogleMaps ; Réserves Naturelles 2812, Zahamena RNI, [17º38’S, 48º50’E], 8 Mar. 1951, fl. ( P) GoogleMaps ; Service Forestier 8800, entre col d’Ambatondradama et le Beanjada, [15º16’S, 50º04’E, 700-800 m], Dec. 1953, bud, fl. ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps , 8864, crête au N du col d’Ambatondradama, [15º17’S, 50º01’E], 800 m, Jan. 1954, fl. ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps , 8893, entre Rantabe et Tenina , [15º44’S, 49º39’E, 10 m], Jan. 1954, fl. ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps , 9099, bassin de la Manonga (affluent rive gauche de la Rantabe ) aux environs de Sahajinja, [15º38’S, 49º25’E], 800 m, 4 Mar. 1954, fl. ( P) GoogleMaps , 10763, Sahamamy, Anivorano, Brickaville, [18°33’S, 48°58’E, 200 m], 29 Sep. 1954, fl. ( P) GoogleMaps , 18174, Forêt d’Analatsara, à l’Ouest de Rantolava (NW de Tampolo- Fénérive ), [17º15’S, 49º20’E], 1 Sep. 1957, fl. ( P, TEF) GoogleMaps , 26073, Vadivohitra, près de Foravohitra, canton d’Anosibe, [19º23’S, 48º14’E], 900 m, 27 Mar. 1966, ster. ( TEF) GoogleMaps .


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