Fainia inexpectata Zumpt, 1973

Thomas-Cabianca, Arianna, Martinez-Sanchez, Anabel, Villet, Martin H. & Rojo, Santos, 2021, Revision of the Afrotropical genus Fainia Zumpt, 1958, with notes on the morphology of Rhiniidae subfamilies (Diptera, Oestroidea), ZooKeys 1033, pp. 127-157: 127

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1033.58539

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:303A0FAE-2497-4482-97AE-9442BDDF71E8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4B39DA06-DE9C-545E-846B-A07E5ADBEDD6

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Fainia inexpectata Zumpt, 1973
status

 

Fainia inexpectata Zumpt, 1973   Figs 10 View Figure 10 , 11 View Figure 11 , 12 View Figure 12 , 13A, D, G View Figure 13

Fainia inexpectata   Zumpt, 1973: 157

Fainia kirinyaga   = Fainia kirinyaga   Lehrer, 2007b: 2 syn. nov.

Type localities and repositories of primary types.

Fainia inexpectata   : Ivory Coast, Lamto, male(s) HT and PTs in MNHN (examined); Tanzania, Amani, male and female PTs in NMSA (examined). Fainia kirinyaga   : Kenya, Nairobi, male HT in SMNHTAU (TAUI) 318989 (examined).

Distribution.

Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi*, Tanzania ( Zumpt 1973; Pont 1980; Lehrer 2007b).

Biology.

Ecology, immature stages and life history unknown.

Redescription.

A proper and complete description with male terminalia illustrations was given by Zumpt (1973). Here, we provide additional diagnostic characters, based on measurements and discuss the sternite 5 shape. Length 10.56 mm [10.14-11.13 mm] (n = 4). Male (n = 2). Head (Figs 10A and C View Figure 10 ). Eyes separated by 0.05 times width of head [0.04-0.05] (at narrowest point around 1.75 times the width of anterior ocellus); eye length 2.99 times height of gena [2.70-3.40]. Postpedicel length 2.28 times length of pedicel [2.09-2.52]. Terminalia (Figs 11 View Figure 11 , 12 View Figure 12 ). Sternite 5 posteriorly formed by 3 lobes, 1 median and 2 outers (Figs 11F View Figure 11 , 12F View Figure 12 ). Median lobe as Figs 11F View Figure 11 , 12F and H View Figure 12 , posterior margin triangular with a middle incision inwards, that could be slightly torn (Figs 11F View Figure 11 , 12H View Figure 12 ) or not (Fig. 11F View Figure 11 ). Lateral lobes shorter than F. elongata   , as in Fig. 9F View Figure 9 . Surstylus and cercus as Fig. 11A, B View Figure 11 . Phallus as in Fig. 11C-E View Figure 11 , ventral plate in ventral view as in Fig. 11E View Figure 11 ; post- and pregonite as in Fig. 11G View Figure 11 . Female. (n = 1). Head (Fig. 10B, D View Figure 10 ). Eyes separated by 0.20 times width of head; eye length 3.93 times height of gena. Postpedicel length 2.46 times pedicel length; fronto-orbital plate 0.70 as wide as frontal vitta at tip of ocellar triangle.

Discussion.

Fainia inexpectata   is an uncommon Afrotropical species. The male terminalia were dissected by Zumpt and are preserved in a slide mounting preparation. The preserved terminalia are squashed and the structures overlap, so it was impossible to make a proper examination. Thus, the male terminalia structures were recognised and identified using a drawing provided by Zumpt (1973: fig. 4).

The description and drawings of F. kirinyaga   syn. nov. ( Lehrer 2011: 62-63) (Figs 12 View Figure 12 , 13A, D, G View Figure 13 ) match with F. inexpectata.   After reviewing the HT of F. kirinyaga   syn. nov., including the male terminalia (dissected by Lehrer and preserved in a microvial) (Fig. 12A-G View Figure 12 ), we conclude that the specimen belongs to F. inexpectata   . We observed an apparent difference in the posterior area of the median lobe of sternite 5, which in F. kirinyaga   syn. nov. (Fig. 12F View Figure 12 ) is continuous and, in F. inexpectata   (Figs 11F View Figure 11 , 12H View Figure 12 and Zumpt 1973: fig. 4), apparently has a mid-ventral incision. After a careful examination under the microscope, we concluded that this incision is a tear in the structure since it is not surrounded by membrane (Fig. 12H View Figure 12 ).

Type material examined.

F. inexpectata   HT and PT: 4 ♂ Ivory Coast, Lamto / v. 1971, leg. D. Lachaise // det. Zumpt, 1973. At MNHN • F. inexpectata   PT: 1 ♀ // PARATYPE // Amani, Tanganyika [= Tanzania] / leg. Paterson // det. Zumpt 1973 // NMSA DIP 61575 • F. inexpectata   PT: 1 ♂ // PARATYPE // Amani, Tanganyika [= Tanzania] / leg. Paterson // Slide no 20 // det. Zumpt 1973 // NMSA DIP 61575 • Fainia kirinyaga   HT: 1 ♂ KENYA Rt. A104 / 15 km SE Nairobi / 29.iv.-15.v / 1991 / A. FREIDBERG / & FINI KAPLAN // HOLOTYPE // n. sp / det. Dr A.Z. Lehrer / 2007 // SMNHTAU (TAUI) 318989.

Other material examined.

9 specimens (6 ♀♀ 3 ♂♂).

Kenya - Coast • 1 ♂; 10 km W. Malindi; UTM 37 M 615633 9643613; 100 m elev.; 24 May 2006; Cerretti, P., Avesani, D., Carpaneto, G. & Nardi, G. leg.; hand net; det. Rognes, K.; MZSUR, DNA-COI F6   .

Malawi - Mulanje • 1 ♀; Mulanje mnt.; 15°56'10"S, 35°31'12"E; 1061 m elev.; 12-14 Nov. 2016; Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Muller, B. leg.; stream bed miombo woodland; Malaise traps; det. Thomas-Cabianca, A., 2019; BMSA (D) 92318 GoogleMaps   .

Tanzania - Iringa • 1 ♀; Mufindi Dist. Uzungwa Scarp Forest Res.; 750 m elev.; 8-10 Mar. 1996; Mckamey, S. et al. leg.; ZMUC, Canopy light-trapping project; det. Rognes, K., 2013; ZMUCKR 001896, DNA-COI F19 - Ludewa   1 ♀; Nyassa-See, Langenburg ; Apr. 1899; Fülleborn, S. leg.; det. Thomas-Cabianca, A., 2019; ZMHB Dipt S06219 View Materials (previously determined as F. albitarsis   by Enderlein, 1919; previously determined as F. elongata   by Zumpt, 1953)   1 ♀; Nyassa-See, Langenburg ; 22 Nov.- 07 Dec. 1898; Fülleborn, S. leg.; det. Thomas-Cabianca, A., 2019; ZMHB Dipt S06219 View Materials (previously determined as F. elongata   by Zumpt, 1953)   . - Tanga • 1 ♂; East Usambara, Amani, at Sigi River ; 500 m elev.; 7 Feb. 1977; Enghoff, H., Lomholdt, O. & Martin O. leg.; det. Rognes, K., 2013; ZMUC 00516250 KR 001894 View Materials   , 00516251 KR 001895 View Materials   2 ♀♀ 1 ♂; Tanga, Mkulumuzi, Gorge , Section No : VII, Tray No.: 8, Jar No. 19; 5-50 m elev.; Mar. 1992; Frontier- ZMUC leg.; det. Thomas-Cabianca, A., 2019; ZMUC   .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Rhiniidae

Genus

Fainia

Loc

Fainia inexpectata Zumpt, 1973

Thomas-Cabianca, Arianna, Martinez-Sanchez, Anabel, Villet, Martin H. & Rojo, Santos 2021
2021
Loc

Fainia inexpectata

Zumpt 1973
1973